Lung cancer is an uncontrolled growth of cells that start off in the lungs. Usually, lung cancer starts in the cells that line the air passages. Instead of developing into healthy lung tissue, the cells divide rapidly and form tumours.
Lung cancer can grow and spread beyond the lung to reach other parts of the body through metastasis. Lung cancers can begin in any part of the lung, but 90 percent of lung cancers begin in the epithelial cells, which are the cells lining the larger and smaller airways also known as bronchi and bronchioles.
This is the reason why lung cancers are sometimes called bronchogenic cancers or bronchogenic carcinomas. Lung cancer is the most common cancer in the world, among both men and women. It is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide.
Long-term smoking is the main cause of lung cancer. After smoking, genetic factors and exposure to radon gas, asbestos, second-hand smoke or other forms of air pollution can also increase the risk of lung cancer.
There are two major types of lung cancers, based on the appearance of lung cancer cells under the microscope:
It is necessary to determine the stage of lung cancer by finding out how far cancer has spread, before initiating treatment of lung cancer.
The following are the four lung cancer stages of NSCLC:
After the determination of stage, treatment of lung cancer starts with choosing the best suitable option for the patient. However, there is usually no single treatment for lung cancer. So the patient often receives a combination of therapies and palliative care.
Lung cancer symptoms may vary, depending upon where and how widespread the tumour is. A person with lung cancer may have following lung cancer symptoms:
The treatment of lung cancer may include the following modalities:
Surgery is the best treatment if the lung cancer is in its early stages. In the early stages, it is possible to cure a patient completely by removing the tumor and the nearby lymph nodes. But after cancer has spread, it is nearly impossible to remove all of the cancer cells with the help of surgery.
There are some specific types of surgical procedures for different location and kinds of lung cancers, such as wedge resection of the lung (removal of a portion of one lobe), lobectomy (removal of one lobe), pneumonectomy (removal of an entire lung) and lymphadenectomy (removal of lymph nodes in the region of the lungs). After the surgery, margin tissues are further studied to see if cancer cells are present or not.
Lung cancer surgery is a major surgical procedure that requires hospitalization, general anesthesia, and follow-up care for a few weeks to several months. It also carries side effects like any other surgery, including complications related to bleeding, infection, and general anesthesia.
This treatment uses high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation to destroy or shrink lung cancer tumors. Radiation therapy can be given as a curative therapy, palliative therapy, or as adjuvant therapy combined with surgery or chemotherapy.
Radiation therapy damages the molecules that make up the cancer cells. However, it can damage the normal, healthy tissues. But nowadays improved technology can focus the radiation on precise locations for certain lengths of time, thus reducing the risk of damage to the surrounding healthy tissues.
Chemotherapy is a strong medication treatment, which interferes with the cell division process and damage proteins or DNA to reduce cancer cells. NSCLC and SCLC, both types of lung cancers can be treated with chemotherapy. Chemotherapy might be given in the form of pills, intravenous infusion, or as a combination of both.
However, drugs used in chemotherapy also kill normally dividing cells in the body that may lead to unpleasant side effects. Some of the common side effects of chemotherapy are vomiting, diarrhea, appetite loss, hair loss, fatigue, anemia, infections and more. These side effects may be felt temporarily during treatment, and several drugs exist to help patients cope with the symptoms.
Drugs used in this treatment work by targeting specific abnormalities in the cancer cells. Some of the drugs in this treatment can also strengthen the activity of the immune system against cancer cells. But mostly this treatment only works in people whose cancer cells show certain genetic mutations.
The average cost of Lung Cancer Treatment in Spain starts from USD 32000 Only some of the best and certified hospitals in Spain perform Lung Cancer Treatment for international patients.
Different hospitals have different pricing policy when it comes to the cost of Lung Cancer Treatment in Spain. There are many hospital that cover the cost of pre-surgical investigations of the patient in the treatment package. The comprehensive Lung Cancer Treatment package cost includes the cost of investigations, surgery, medicines and consumables. Stay outside the package duration, post-operative complications and diagnosis of a new condition may further increase the Lung Cancer Treatment cost in Spain.
After discharge from the hospital, the patient has to stay for another 45 days in the country for complete recovery. During this time, the patient undergoes medical tests and consultations. this is to ensure that the treatment was successful and the patient us safe to return.
Spain is one of the most popular countries for Lung Cancer Treatment in the world. The country offers the best cost of Lung Cancer Treatment, best doctors, and advanced hospital infrastructure. Some of the other destinations that are popular for Lung Cancer Treatment include the following:
|Saudi Arabia||USD 25000|
|South Africa||USD 25000|
|South Korea||USD 25000|
|United Arab Emirates||USD 25000|
|United Kingdom||USD 25000|
There are certain expenses additional to the Lung Cancer Treatment cost that the patient may have to pay for. These are the chanrges for daily meals and hotel stay outside the hospital. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
The following are some of the best cities for Lung Cancer Treatment in Spain:
After the Lung Cancer Treatment takes place, the average duration of stay at the hospital is about 5 days. The patient is subjected to several biochemistry and radiological scans to see that everything is okay and the recovery is on track. After making sure that patient is clinically stable, discharge is planned.
There are more than 5 hospitals that offer Lung Cancer Treatment in Spain. These clinics have proper infrastructure for the treatment of patients who require kidney transplant. Such hospitals follow all legal protocols and guidelines as specified by the local medical affairs body when it comes to the treatment of international patients.
The healthcare accredition in Spain is streamlined to maintain strict quality control over the hospital functions. The healthcare providers in Spain are all top performers in the many healthcare parameters. The international accrediting agency known as JCI accredits hospitals in Spain on patient safety and healthcare quality. The final evaluation done by the experienced and skilled healthcare professionals working in the accredition body can be vouched for owing to their high competence.
There is a good number of popular multispecialty hospital groups in Spain that are servicing patients from different hues and backgrounds for a long time. The hospitals in Spain are some of the best in the world and cover so many different specialties under individual roofs. We list here some of the best multispecialty hospitals in Spain.
The multispecialty hospitals in Spain have a wide coverage of treatments possible making it easier for any patient to get multiple issues covered at any one hospital itself.
The world class healthcare infrastructure in Spain is equipped with cutting edge technological upgradation. The doctors in Spain are skilled and competent and are adept at treating any ailment or injury which you maybe suffering from. There is uni payer healthcare system in Spain that translates to having universal coverage of costs (except those of prescription drugs). Their is symbiotic relationship of wonderful tourist towns and cities with exceptional healthcare facilities, making Spain a natural choice as a medical tourism destination.
The doctors in Spanish hospitals have a good grasp of their field as they have gained knowledge from some of the best educational institutions in the world. Spain has a rich and vibrant healthcare community with doctors who have refined their skills as they have practical experience of several years. The doctors in Spain are adept at imbibing any new techniques and adapting to newer technologies. It should be easy for you to get treated in Spain as the language barrier does not exist, you can converse with your doctor easily in english.
As you decide to travel to Spain, start by creating an essential document checklist. At no point during your journey and treatment in Spain should the documents be a reason for any hindrance. Travel documents that are essential are financial means proof like bank statement, sponsorship letter, treatment payment proof or proof of your government covering the costs, employment documents (as per status) and passport, visa, roundtrip ticket, travel medical insurance, accomodation proof and civil status proof. Other documents that are required are medical reports, letter from the doctor/hospital referring you for treatment, correspondence between the doctor/hospital that referred you and the one where you are going to get treated and test reports.
Spain is an elite medical tourism destination that has made its mark on the world stage. Spain is synonymous with sporting culture which means that certain fields like sports medicine and orthopaedics are a natural consequence. Spain is the center of all kinds of procedures but we are bringing to you the most common ones. Sports medicine related procedures, fertility treatments, plastic surgery, eye care, bariatric surgery, orthopaedic procedures and spine surgery.
As you head to Spain as a medical traveler, please understand that it is mandatory to get yourself vaccinated before you start your journey. There are certain vaccinations that are routinely taken before going to Spain such as for Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis, Flu (Influenza), Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR), Polio and Chickenpox (Varicella). Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and Measles related vaccinations are for travelers with a higher degree of risk. Meningitis, Shingles, Pneumonia, Covid19 and Rabies are some conditions whose vaccinations you must take before going to Spain.
Hospitals in Spain provide facilities that make the treatment journey smooth for medical travellers everyday. The International patient services is one such helpful facility provided in major hospitals in Spain. You can avail private health insurance in hospitals in Spain which will make it easier for someone who is visiting Spain as a medical tourist. Hospitals in Spain provide many additional facilities as well such as:
Spain is well known for its various medical tourism destinations such as
Barcelona has advanced child healthcare hospital facilities whereas Madrid is known for general health and reproductive healthcare. Medical tourism is a key focus area in Spain and investments are being planned and implemented to bring this about. Medical infrastructure in Spain is highly developed and is being regularly upgraded with the latest technologies.
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