The natural process of fertilization involves the conjugation of an egg and sperm inside the woman’s body. In-vitro-fertilization (IVF) is the procedure that involves the conception of an egg outside the body in a laboratory. IVF comes under assisted reproductive technology (ART) that involves the use of advanced medical technology to help with pregnancy in the woman.
The different types of treatments available for IVF are:
Assisted hatching is a technique used in IVF where a gap or a hole is created on the outer shell of the embryo called zona pellucida before transferring the embryo into the mother’s womb. Before the implantation of the embryo, the developing embryo should “hatch” out of its outer shell (zona pellucida).
Sometimes the embryo is thick, which decreases its ability to hatch on its own. Making a hole or thinning the outer layer may help the embryos to hatch, which increases the chances of pregnancy. Pregnancy cannot occur unless the embryo hatches. Thus, assisted hatching IVF success rates are higher than simple IVF success rates.
Because of the use of additional technology, IVF with laser assisted hatching cost is higher than just IVF cost.
IVF with laser assisted hatching is recommended when:
It is performed by using
It is performed before transferring the embryo into the mother’s womb on day 3, 5, or 6 after fertilization. An opening in the zona pellucida is created by drilling it with acidified tyrode’s solution.
The embryo is held firmly using holding pipette and a microneedle is applied
The acid is expelled over a small area of zona pellucida until it is breached. Suction is applied immediately after the breach of zona pellucida to prevent excess
This procedure Is exactly the same as the usual IVF procedure with a difference that the egg used for fertilization comes from a different candidate than the one undergoing IVF. This procedure involves a process known as female egg donation in which a suitable candidate donates an egg for successful fertilization with the retrieved sperms.
The egg donation procedure is similar to how the eggs are retrieved from the womb of the future mother. The only difference is that during
IVF with egg donation is mostly performed in the case of women who have
Intracytoplasmatic sperm injection (ICSI) is an IVF variation in which the sperm is directly injected into the egg for fertilization. The resulting fertilized egg is placed in
ICSI procedure does not require the sperm to penetrate the layers of the egg. It is highly useful to treat infertility problems in couples who suffer because the male partner’s sperms are either not able to get into the egg or are unable to fertilize the egg even when they are able to get through it.
During IVF with ICSI procedure, the eggs are extracted and held in one place with the help of a glass tool. A single sperm is injected into each egg using a small glass tube. The eggs are cultured and checked for fertilization overnight. The fully fertilized eggs are selected. A few fertilized eggs selected are placed in the uterus with the help of a catheter. The leftover embryos are preserved for future use.
While in simple IVF, the eggs and sperms are mixed together and allowed to fertilize naturally, in ICSI, a sperm is forced into the sperm for fertilization.
ICSI success rates largely
IVF with ICSI is also performed when the sperms come from a suitable donor and not from the male partner of the female undergoing IVF procedure. ICSI IVF treatment is the same when conducted with donor sperms as it is with sperms that come from the male partner.
ICSI treatment involves the injection of a single sperm directly into the egg from the female partner or a donor. In the case of ICSI with donor sperms, a semen sample from a suitable donor is retrieved. The sperm sample is processed and viable and good quality sperms are extracted from for further procedure.
Next, the entire ICSI procedure is conducted in a similar manner. ICSI success rates are the same whether the sperm comes from a donor or the actual male partner. ICSI treatment cost is separate from the cost of IVF.
Optical spindle view is a specialized technique used at the time of IVF and ICSI. This technique helps the fertility specialists view the division of cells carefully to ensure that the entire process goes on smoothly.
The optical spindle view technique is used after the fusion of the eggs and the sperms
Sometimes during IVF and ICSI, the fertility specialist may order a testicular biopsy to assess testicular function in the male partner before using his sperms. During
Step 1: Over-stimulation of ovulation
Stimulation of the ovaries occurs with the administration of fertility drugs. The natural process involves the production of one egg per month, but the fertility drugs hyperstimulate the ovaries to produce more number of drugs.
Step 2: Retrieval of eggs
Removal of the eggs from the woman’s body is done through a minor surgery called follicular aspiration surgery. Pain medications are given to the woman and with the help of ultrasound, a thin needle attached to the suction pump is inserted into the vagina. The needle is directed towards the follicles containing eggs and suctions the fluid and the eggs.
Step 3: Insemination
The inactive cells from the semen are removed. The ovum and the sperms are incubated in the ratio of 1:75,000.
Step 4: Fertilization
The sperm enters the egg and fertilization takes place. If the sperm is found to be weak, then Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is performed which involves direct injection of sperm into the ovum.
Step 6: Culture of the embryo
After fertilization, the egg divides forming an embryo. The embryo rapidly divides within five days after fertilization.
Genetic diagnosis is performed after 3-4 days of fertilization to rule out the genetic disorders.
Step7: Transfer of the embryo
The embryos are transferred into the mother’s womb after 3-5 days of fertilization. This transfer is done with the help of a thin tube containing embryos. The tube is inserted through the vagina, cervix, and to the womb. Pregnancy is resulted if the embryo starts growing.
If you have experience symptoms such as fever, pelvic pain, bleeding, and blood in urine, consult your physician immediately.
While depending upon a range of factors, the minimum cost for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) in Malaysia is USD 5000. IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) in Malaysia is available across many hospitals in different states.
IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) package cost in Malaysia has different inclusions and exclusions. There are many hospital that cover the cost of pre-surgical investigations of the patient in the treatment package. The IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) cost in Malaysia includes the cost of anesthesia, medicines, hospitalization and the surgeon's fee. Stay outside the package duration, post-operative complications and diagnosis of a new condition may further increase the IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) cost in Malaysia.
There are many hospitals across the country that offer IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) to international patients. Some of the most renowned hospitals for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) in Malaysia include the following:
While the speed of recovery may vary from patient to patient, they are still required to stay for about 30 days after discharge. This time frame is important to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient is fit to fly back.
One of the topmost destinations for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) is Malaysia. It has a variety of accredited hospital, affordable cost of treatment and some of the best medical fraternity. Some of such countries are:
|South Africa||USD 4600|
|United Arab Emirates||USD 7000|
There are certain expenses additional to the IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) cost that the patient may have to pay for. These are the chanrges for daily meals and hotel stay outside the hospital. The per day extra expenses in Malaysia per person are about USD 50 per person.
Some of the best cities in Malaysia which offer IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) are:
After the IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) takes place, the average duration of stay at the hospital is about 1 day. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) in Malaysia. These hospitals have propoer infrastructure as well as offer good quality of services when it comes to IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) These hospitals comply with all the rules and regulations as dictated by the regulatory bodies and medical association in Malaysia
The popular hospital groups in Malaysia are:
These hospitals are supported by the latest medical technologies and superior infrastructure, ensuring world-class treatment. The Malaysian healthcare system is advanced due to extensive support from the Malaysian government through investment in hospital’s medical infrastructure. Malaysian Hospitals, with well-trained staff and excellent facilities, are on par with well-developed countries and have shown significant improvement in the last ten years.
The healthcare systems in Malaysia receive accreditation from Malaysian Society for Quality in Health (MSQH) and JCI. Presently, there are 12 JCI-accredited hospitals in Malaysia and all of them ensure that they meet global standards. MSQH, which promotes safety and quality in the healthcare services in Malaysia, has entered into partnership with Malaysia’s Ministry of Health, Association of Private Hospitals Malaysia and Malaysian Medical Association. There is a lengthy evaluation process for granting accreditation to a hospital in order to ensure international standards are met.
Solid public-private healthcare collaboration and governmental participation have contributed to a strongly-built healthcare system in Malaysia, making it one of the most favored destinations for medical tourists. Supported by cutting-edge technology, advanced infrastructure, and skilled medical professionals, Malaysia provides quality and affordable healthcare. Malaysia is attracting a large number of medical tourists every year for cardiology and fertility treatments. Malaysia is also popular among medical tourists because of its food, cultural diversity, and heritage spots.
Malaysia has highly trained doctors and many of them are trained internationally before returning to work in their home country. Producing one of the finest doctors in the world, Malaysia has a strict evaluation system in place to ensure that the country has quality doctors with a high level of professionalism. Although the doctors in Malaysia have expertise in performing a wide range of procedures, they have delivered excellent results in IVF and cardiology. Medical tourists under Malaysian Healthcare Travellers Program (MHTP) are eligible for applying for eVISA for traveling to Malaysia and living in the country for a period of 30 days.
Medical tourists under Malaysian Healthcare Travellers Program (MHTP) are eligible for applying for eVISA for traveling to Malaysia and living in the country for a period of 30 days. eVISA can be availed through online platforms and is valid for 3 months. A candidate would require below things to apply for an eVisa.
Medical Attendant Visa is granted to the person accompanying the patient to Malaysia and two persons are allowed to travel with the patient.
The most sought-after procedures available in Malaysia are prostate surgery, cosmetic surgery, dental work, vitiligo treatment, cancer care, discectomy. Malaysia makes advances in effective cancer treatment using gene therapy, ensuring shorter treatment time, reduced treatment costs, and minimal adverse effects of current chemo-drugs. With a high success rate of 55 to 60, IVF in Malaysia is much affordable and performed using the latest technology. Malaysia has highly trained orthopedic doctors who have reported high success rates in procedures like shoulder replacement, knee replacement surgery, and hip replacement.
Malaysia has some top cities having world-class hospitals, such as:
With highly trained and qualified doctors and a large pool of multispecialty hospitals, Malaysia offers a great medical travel experience. Kuala Lumpur and Penang attract most of the medical tourists due to their excellent public transportation system, availability of cheap accommodation, and connectivity through airlines. A large number of hospitals, scenic value, rich culture, availability of translators, and safety of tourists also contribute to the popularity of these cities in medical tourism.
A medical tourist traveling to Malaysia needs to get below vaccines:
Pre-exposure vaccination against rabies is recommended before travel to Malaysia and children are at greater risk of rabies. Japanese encephalitis is common in Malaysia and can be prevented through vaccination. Travellers arriving from countries with a risk of Yellow Fever may need an International Certificate of Vaccination.
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