Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a heart disorder first diagnosed or observed during the first few weeks or months of the surgery. This condition is characterized by the persistence of a normal fetal connection between the pulmonary artery and the aorta, which may allow the flow of some of the oxygenated blood back to the lungs instead of the body.
This connection is naturally present in the fetus during pregnancy. It is, in fact, present at the time of birth as well But it closes off on its own within a few days.
During pregnancy, all of the oxygen demand of the fetus is met through the placenta. Therefore, there is no need for the blood to go through the lungs for oxygenation. However, a connection is necessary to let oxygenated blood bypass the lungs of the fetus and reach the body. This connection is known as ductus arteriosus (DA).
As soon as the baby is born, the lungs take over the functioning of the connection and start purifying the blood. The problem arises when the connection does not close on its own within a few days after the birth. This condition is known as PDA.
The exact reason why DA remains open (patent) is some infants is still unknown. However, girls are twice as likely to suffer from PDA as boys. Additionally, PDA may occur in combination with other heart defects as well.
PDA, if left untreated, may lead to a number of complications. Because of the flow of oxygenated blood from the aorta to the pulmonary artery and the mixing of blood, the vessels of the lungs have to handle a large amount of blood. The larger the volume of blood that enters the pulmonary artery, the greater they have to cope with the increased pressure. This may lead to long-term damage to the lungs.
PDA may cause no symptoms at all in some children. However, the following are some of the symptoms experienced by a majority of children with PDA:
PDA closure is performed under the influence of general anaesthetic (GA) using the heart catheterization procedure. During the closure, the surgeon places a closure device into the catheter.
A typical PDA closure device is made up of mesh and metal material. It is a short tube with discs of different sizes in both its ends. The device is folder before its insertion into the catheter. The device is moved out of the catheter upon reaching the right place. One of the appropriate discs opens up when the device is moved out of the catheter. It’s acts like a plug and seals off the PDA, stopping the flow of oxygenated blood to the pulmonary artery.
The catheter is usually inserted into a blood vessel in the groin region. The catheter is gently moved up to reach the site of PDA. The closure device is threaded through to reach the PDA site and is placed in the targeted position. Once the device is in place, the catheter is withdrawn and the site of catheter insertion is bandaged.
The procedure takes anywhere from one to three hours to complete. As soon as the procedure is over, the child is transferred to the recovery room and is kept there as long as the effect of the GA fades off. Most of the children are discharged on the same day as that of PDA closure procedure. However, they will be required to stay in the hospital for at least four to six hours after the surgery.
Some children, however, will be required to stay in the hospital overnight. They are transferred to the inpatient unit after the effect of the GA is over. A chest X-ray is conducted the next day in the case of all patients to check the position of the closure device. Children who are discharged on the same day of the procedure must be brought to the hospital again in the next morning for the X-ray.
The surgeon may prescribe a few antibiotics after the surgery to prevent heart infection known as infectious endocarditis. It is common for premature infants or infants with larger PDA to become tired feeding. Therefore, care must be taken to high-calorie formula or breast milk to them for normal growth and development.
Different hospitals have different pricing policy when it comes to the cost of PDA Closure in Poland. The top hospitals for PDA Closure in Poland covers all the expenses related to the pre-surgery investigations of the candidate. The PDA Closure cost in Poland includes the cost of anesthesia, medicines, hospitalization and the surgeon's fee. Post-surgical complications, new findings and delayed recovery may have an impact on the total PDA Closure cost in Poland.
There are many hospitals that perform PDA Closure in Poland. The following are some of the most renowned hospitals for PDA Closure in Poland:
While the speed of recovery may vary from patient to patient, they are still required to stay for about 18 days after discharge. This time frame is important to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient is fit to fly back.
Apart from the PDA Closure cost, the patient may have to pay for additional daily expenses such as for guest house after discharge and meals. These charges starts from USD 50 per person.
Some of the best cities in Poland which offer PDA Closure are:
After PDA Closure, the patient is supposed to stay for about 3 days in the hospital for recovery and monitoring. During the recovery, the patient is carefully monitored and control tests are performed to see that everything is okay. If required, physiotherapy sessions are also planned during recovery in hospital.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer PDA Closure in Poland. Such hospitals have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Apart from good services, the hospitals are known to follow all standard and legal guidelines as dictated by the local medical affairs body or organization.
Poland is one of the leading medical tourism destinations with top hospitals, such as:
The hospitals in Poland have highly experienced and well-trained doctors who are able to handle even the most complicated cases.The hospitals in Poland have highly experienced and well-trained doctors who are able to handle even the most complicated cases. All kinds of surgeries are offered at these multispecialty hospitals and they follow strict medical protocols. The clinics provide world-class treatments at an affordable cost. All modern facilities are provided to enhance the patient experience.
The healthcare system in Poland is accredited by the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA). The government of Poland is totally committed to ensuring a high quality of healthcare in the country. With this aim, it introduced the Hospital Accreditation Programme in 1998, which mainly strives to improve patient safety standards. There is a strict process to receive accreditation. Hospitals are mandated to follow appropriate procedures defined by the accreditation body. NCQA has a standard procedure for evaluating a healthcare facility and the quality parameters include adherence to international standards and quality of patient care.
Poland has reported a steep growth in the medical tourism industry. People from different countries, particularly Western Europe, visit Poland to get quality treatment. Some of the main important reasons for the popularity of Poland's tourism sector are the superior quality of services, well-trained medical staff, short waiting times for surgeries, and cheap prices of treatments. Poland has the best hospitals which provide world-class medicine with a personal touch to patients from across the globe. All the healthcare facilities in Poland are strictly monitored by the Polish Ministry of Health, which ensures the maintenance of standards of hygiene and patient care.All medical service providers and hospitals in Poland are subordinate to the Polish Ministry of Health, which looks after the maintenance of standards of hygiene and patient care.
A Schengen Visa allows a person to travel to Poland to seek medical treatment. If you own a Schengen Visa, you can stay in Poland for a maximum period of 90 days. The essential documents required for applying for a medical visa are:
Based on the submitted documents, and the interview, the Poland embassy will make a decision whether you should be permitted to enter the country or not.
The most sought-after medical treatments available in Poland include:
Cosmetic surgery is the most popular procedure availble in the country, with a high success rate. The credit mainly goes to the highly trained cosmetic surgeons who have worked for years in European clinics and are in a regular contact with surgeons from all over the world. Poland has reported the highest sucess rate in IVF in whole Europe. Around 32 percent of IVF are successful per treatment cycle. Some of the reasons for the popularity of these procedures are affordable treatment cost, speedy recovery, use of advanced technology, and highly trained doctors.
There are several world-class medical tourist destinations in Poland that are connected to almost all countries of the world by airlines. The most popular cities that are preferred by medical tourists in Poland are Warsaw, Gdansk, Krakow, Szczecin and Wroclaw. An efficient public transportation system, affordable accommodation, and a wide range of food options are some of the reasons for the popularity of these cities among medical tourists. Warsaw is the most beautiful island in Poland where patients can completely relax and rejuvenate after treatment and experience a speedy recovery.
Hospitals in Poland offer world-class healthcare facilities to patients across the globe. Some of the facilities available at clinics in Poland are:
Hospitals in Poland help international patients at all stages of their treatment journey, right from queries, preparations for their travel, arrival, visit of the hospital, and follow-up care. The hospitals are committed to meeting all the needs and requirements that you or your family members may have during your stay at the hospital.
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