Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a heart disorder first diagnosed or observed during the first few weeks or months of the surgery. This condition is characterized by the persistence of a normal fetal connection between the pulmonary artery and the aorta, which may allow the flow of some of the oxygenated blood back to the lungs instead of the body.
This connection is naturally present in the fetus during pregnancy. It is, in fact, present at the time of birth as well But it closes off on its own within a few days.
During pregnancy, all of the oxygen demand of the fetus is met through the placenta. Therefore, there is no need for the blood to go through the lungs for oxygenation. However, a connection is necessary to let oxygenated blood bypass the lungs of the fetus and reach the body. This connection is known as ductus arteriosus (DA).
As soon as the baby is born, the lungs take over the functioning of the connection and start purifying the blood. The problem arises when the connection does not close on its own within a few days after the birth. This condition is known as PDA.
The exact reason why DA remains open (patent) is some infants is still unknown. However, girls are twice as likely to suffer from PDA as boys. Additionally, PDA may occur in combination with other heart defects as well.
PDA, if left untreated, may lead to a number of complications. Because of the flow of oxygenated blood from the aorta to the pulmonary artery and the mixing of blood, the vessels of the lungs have to handle a large amount of blood. The larger the volume of blood that enters the pulmonary artery, the greater they have to cope with the increased pressure. This may lead to long-term damage to the lungs.
PDA may cause no symptoms at all in some children. However, the following are some of the symptoms experienced by a majority of children with PDA:
PDA closure is performed under the influence of general anaesthetic (GA) using the heart catheterization procedure. During the closure, the surgeon places a closure device into the catheter.
A typical PDA closure device is made up of mesh and metal material. It is a short tube with discs of different sizes in both its ends. The device is folder before its insertion into the catheter. The device is moved out of the catheter upon reaching the right place. One of the appropriate discs opens up when the device is moved out of the catheter. It’s acts like a plug and seals off the PDA, stopping the flow of oxygenated blood to the pulmonary artery.
The catheter is usually inserted into a blood vessel in the groin region. The catheter is gently moved up to reach the site of PDA. The closure device is threaded through to reach the PDA site and is placed in the targeted position. Once the device is in place, the catheter is withdrawn and the site of catheter insertion is bandaged.
The procedure takes anywhere from one to three hours to complete. As soon as the procedure is over, the child is transferred to the recovery room and is kept there as long as the effect of the GA fades off. Most of the children are discharged on the same day as that of PDA closure procedure. However, they will be required to stay in the hospital for at least four to six hours after the surgery.
Some children, however, will be required to stay in the hospital overnight. They are transferred to the inpatient unit after the effect of the GA is over. A chest X-ray is conducted the next day in the case of all patients to check the position of the closure device. Children who are discharged on the same day of the procedure must be brought to the hospital again in the next morning for the X-ray.
The surgeon may prescribe a few antibiotics after the surgery to prevent heart infection known as infectious endocarditis. It is common for premature infants or infants with larger PDA to become tired feeding. Therefore, care must be taken to high-calorie formula or breast milk to them for normal growth and development.
The PDA Closure package cost in Morocco varies from one hospital to another and may offer different benefits. The top hospitals for PDA Closure in Morocco covers all the expenses related to the pre-surgery investigations of the candidate. The PDA Closure cost in Morocco includes the cost of anesthesia, medicines, hospitalization and the surgeon's fee. Extended hospital stay, complications after the surgery or new diagnosis may affect the overall cost of PDA Closure in Morocco.
There are many hospitals that perform PDA Closure in Morocco. The top hospitals for PDA Closure in Morocco include the following:
The recovery of the patient many vary, depending on several factors. However, on an average, patient is supposed to stay for about 18 days in the country after discharge. This is important to ensure that the surgery was successful. During this time, control and follow-up tests take place to check for medical fitness.
Morocco is undoubtedly one of the best countries for PDA Closure in the world. It offers the best medical expertise and good patient experience at an affordable cost. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for PDA Closure as well:
Apart from the cost of PDA Closure, the patient is also required to pay additionally for daily meals and guest house accommodation. The per day extra expenses in Morocco per person are about USD 50 per person.
Some of the cpopular cities in Morocco that offer PDA Closure include the following:
After PDA Closure, the patient is supposed to stay for about 3 days in the hospital for recovery and monitoring. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer PDA Closure in Morocco. The above listed clinics are approved to perform the surgery and have proper infrastructure to handle PDA Closure patients. These hospitals comply with all the rules and regulations as dictated by the regulatory bodies and medical association in Morocco
On every parameter, the hospitals in Morocco are deemed to be matching the best in healthcare. It is no wonder that a number of healthcare institutions in Morocco have been accredited by JCI. The topmost healthcare accreditation body in the world with long term experience, Joint Commission International has gold standard credibility in Morocco. There is no dearth of amazing healthcare institutions that are vying for JCI accreditation, a mark of excellence. JCI measures the service quality, patient care and organisation management standards of hospitals in Morocco.
We bring to you some of the popular multispecialty hospitals in Morocco:
Cutting edge equipments which are constantly upgraded are present in the popular multispecialty hospitals in Morocco. In Morocco, there are numerous multispecialty hospitals and clinics in Tangier, Rabat, Casablanca, Marrakech and Fes. The healthcare ecosystem in Morocco which comprises of multispecialty hospitals and clinics is synonymous with the best in healthcare.
In Morocco, healthcare has a huge base with clinics giving basic healthcare facilities and local, regional as well as university hospitals providing advanced facilities. A medical tourist in Morocco would be able to procure world class medical treatment and enjoy a wonderful holiday, a good reason to go to the country. The technological advancements in hospitals and clinics infrastructure in Morocco is on a growth path because of the joint collaboration of the government and private sector. It is not just the short waiting times but the ease with which you can get your medical visa, travel and ensure hospital transfer that make Morocco a medical travel hotspot.
Whether it is a regular medical ailment or injury or emergencies, the doctors in Morocco face both with ease which gives confidence to patients who have come from another country. The doctors and surgeons in Morocco are skilled and talented owing to years of education and experience. The doctors in Morocco work well with newer technologies and are adept at learning new techniques as well. The soft skills of the doctors in Morocco are highly developed because of their exposure to international training programs and treatment of international patients.
The essential documents that you must carry along on your journey to Morocco are:
It is imperative that when you are starting your medical travel journey to Morocco you must make sure that all documents that support your finances and your travel details are present with you. Your medical reports and records and the communication between the hospitals (country of origin and Morocco) should be up to date before you board your flight to Morocco. If your documents are complete, then your medical travel to Morocco should be seamless and effortless.
The popular procedures being performed in the hospitals in Morocco are as follows:
The cosmetic procedures are a huge draw in Morocco with people combining their holiday with cosmetic surgeries such as Breast Augmentation and Liposuction. There is a huge influx of patients that are coming to Morocco as overseas medical travellers to get treated for their Gynaecological issues.
It is not just mandatory but a wise decision for you to take vaccinations when planning to travel to Morocco. There are a number of recommended travel vaccinations (by CDC and WHO) to Morocco as listed below.
Your age and health conditions are a determining factor for the right dosage and frequency of dosage of vaccines to be taken before your travel to Morocco. There are always certain routine vaccines that you must be up to date with at all times irrespective of when you have made your travel plans such as DPT, Flu and MMR as mentioned by CDC or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and WHO or World Health Organisation.
If you are a medical traveller coming to Morocco then do approach the International patient centers present in the hospital which will assist you in every possible way. There are so many different kinds of facilities that are available in the hospitals in Morocco such as:
In Morocco, it is the hospital administrative staff that helps you with the insurance coverage assessment and the payment procedure. The consultation process with your medical practitioner in the hospital in Morocco can begin well in advance through virtual consultation via video, calls and emails.
There are many medical tourism destinations in Morocco such as:
The medical travel industry in Morocco is on a growth path as both the Government of Morocco and the private players are looking to increase their investments in the country. Morocco ranks 31st in the Medical Tourism Index 2020-21 which denotes its developing status in the field of medical travel. Medical travel industry is well supported by good legislation enacted by Government of Morocco and the positive development of the right ecosystem.
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