Heart valve surgery is a reconstructive surgical procedure to treat a heart valve disease. In heart valve disease, at least one of the four heart valves that keep blood flowing in the correct direction through your heart doesn't function properly. These valves include mitral valve, tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve and aortic valve. Each valve has flaps are called leaflets. These flaps open and close once during each heartbeat. When the valves don't open or close properly they disrupt the blood flow through the heart to the body. In heart valve surgery, the surgeon repairs or replaces the affected heart valves. The treatment depends on several factors that include the age, health, the condition of the heart valve that is affected and the severity of the patient's condition. There are two types of surgery namely Annuloplasty and Valvuloplasty. Heart valve surgery might be performed during an open heart surgery, which involves an incision in the chest. The surgeon may sometimes perform minimally invasive heart surgery, in which there is the use of smaller incisions than those used in open-heart surgery.
The risks associated with heart valve surgery are bleeding, heart attack, infection, valve dysfunction in replacement valve, irregular heart rhythm, stroke and it might even lead to the death of the patient.
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