The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system, which makes fluid that forms an essential part of the semen. Prostate cancer starts when cells of the prostate glands begin to grow abnormally
Prostate cancer is one of the leading cancers in men above the age of 60. In most of the cases, it is slow growing and may even go undetected and do not cause any problem. However, in some cases, it could be aggressive and cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body (metastatic prostate cancer)
Prostate cancer is a very slow growing disease and starts with tiny alterations in the shape and size of the prostate gland cells. The prostate cancer risk increases with age and it is rarely observed before the age of 40. That is the main reason why many men die of old age, without ever knowing that they had prostate cancer.
There is no direct prostate cancer causes. However, there are some factors that can increase the risk of prostate cancer, including the following:
Usually, prostate cancer means the cancer of prostate gland cells called prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN). Almost all the prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas, but there are some other types of prostate cancer as well, including the following:
Based on how abnormal the patterns of cancer cells look, prostate cancers are classified as:
There are no warning signs of prostate cancer. The symptoms of metastatic prostate cancer usually appear first in the region that the cancer cells have invaded.
After cancer causes the prostate gland to swell, the following signs of prostate cancer may be experienced:
In prostate cancer stages, the following symptoms may also be there:
Treatment for prostate cancer can be divided into early stage and advanced stage. Your doctor will choose the best suitable treatment for you, depending on the stage and classification of prostate cancer, your age, and overall health status. Although, your feelings, expected lifespan, and your opinion will play a major role in choosing the right kind of treatment.
The most common treatment options for prostate cancer include the following:
Watchful waiting or active surveillance
No immediate treatment is carried out, but the patient is followed up at regular intervals to see the progression of the disease. This method is used in elderly patients with short life expectancy and in case of an early disease.
The main type of prostate surgery is called radical prostatectomy. In this, cancerous tissues are removed by a surgical operation. A long cut in the abdomen is needed in this surgery, depending on the extent and stage of cancer.
However, a keyhole surgery for prostate cancer using a laparoscope or robot is also available. These treatments have good success rates but may result in certain long-term side effects such as sexual dysfunction, narrowing of the urethra, and urinary incontinence.
High-intensity beams are used in this treatment to destroy the cancer cells in the prostate. Radiotherapy can be administered via needles implanted into the prostate, under ultrasound guidance or as an external beam. Radiotherapy can be used after surgery if the resection of cancer tissue has not been completed.
There are two types of radiotherapy for prostate cancer:
In this, the radiation beams are shaped so that the region where they overlap is as close to the same shape as the organ that requires treatment. It minimizes healthy tissue exposure to radiation.
In this, the beams with variable intensity are used. It is an advanced form of conformal radiotherapy. It is usually delivered with the help of a computer-controlled linear accelerator.
Hormone therapy involves the use of medications that suppress testosterone levels. They are used as primary treatment and in advanced cases or Stage 4 prostate cancer.
Chemotherapy is a kind of advance drug treatment in which strong medications are used to kill the cancer cells and prevent it from spreading. It is used when the prostate cancer is not controlled by hormonal treatment. Chemotherapy is selected only for treatment of Stage 4 prostate cancer and when the patient can cope with it.
This treatment uses extremely cold temperatures to freeze and destroy cancer tissues in the prostate. Cryotherapy is the best option for treating recurrent prostate cancer, especially if initial radiation therapy did not kill enough cancer cells. The surgeon inserts an ultra-thin metal probe or needle into the prostate gland, from which a freezing liquid, such as liquid nitrogen or more commonly, argon gas, is infused into the prostate gland.
Some treatments such as radiofrequency and high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) are used to treat early prostate cancer or when the patient is not fit for a major surgery.
On an average, Prostate Cancer Treatment in the United Kingdom costs about $25000. Many multispeciality hospitals which are QHA Trent Accreditation, ISQUA, UKAF certified are approved to operate a Prostate Cancer Treatment in the United Kingdom
Prostate Cancer Treatment cost in the United Kingdom varies from one hospital to the other. The Prostate Cancer Treatment package cost usually includes all the expenses related to pre and post surgery expenses of the patient. The comprehensive Prostate Cancer Treatment package cost includes the cost of investigations, surgery, medicines and consumables. Stay outside the package duration, post-operative complications and diagnosis of a new condition may further increase the Prostate Cancer Treatment cost in the United Kingdom.
While the speed of recovery may vary from patient to patient, they are still required to stay for about 21 days after discharge. This duration of stay is recommended to complete all the necessary follow-ups and control tests to ensure that the surgery was successful.
While the United Kingdom is considered to be one of the best destinations for Prostate Cancer Treatment owing to the standard of Hospitals, and expertise of doctors; there are a select few destinations which provide comparable quality of healthcare for the procedure Some of such countries are:
|Saudi Arabia||USD 13500|
|South Africa||USD 27000|
|South Korea||USD 27000|
|United Arab Emirates||USD 14000|
|United Kingdom||USD 25000|
Apart from the cost of Prostate Cancer Treatment, the patient is also required to pay additionally for daily meals and guest house accommodation. These charges starts from USD 50 per person.
Some of the cpopular cities in the United Kingdom that offer Prostate Cancer Treatment include the following:
The patient is supposed to stay at the hospital for about 4 days after Prostate Cancer Treatment for monitoring and care. This phase is important to ensure that the patient is recovering well and is clinically stable. During this time, several tests are performed before the patient is deemed suitable for discharge.
There are more than 2 hospitals that offer Prostate Cancer Treatment in the United Kingdom. The above listed hospitals are approved to perform the surgery and have proper infrastructure to handle Prostate Cancer Treatment patients. Also, these hospitals follow the necessary guidelines as required by the medical associations for the treatment of Prostate Cancer Treatment patients.
In the United Kingdom, the healthcare systems follow standards set by QHA Trent and United Kingdom Accreditation Forum. QHA Trent is an independent holistic accreditation organization that is dedicated to improving quality and reducing risks for healthcare providers, patients, and the general public. There is a strong quality framework to ensure the performance of healthcare systems. Various inspection and improvement processes are merged with accreditation programs and regulatory bodies to provide a common mechanism for quality improvement. The healthcare facilities are assessed on a set of well-defined stringent parameters like administrative management and quality of patient care, and performance management.
Superior healthcare infrastructure and medical technology innovations are some of the most important factors that make the United Kingdom one of the leading medical tourism destinations in the world. The country’s more focus on investment in technology and communication and transport and has successfully contributed to significant growth in the medical tourism sector. There are some strong reasons for the popularity of the United Kingdom’s healthcare system, such as the availability of a wide range of procedures, appointments and same-day diagnosis, and rapid response multi-disciplinary review teams. The country has internationally acclaimed institutions such as BUPA Cromwell, and Great Ormond Street, and The London Bridge Hospital. These healthcare centers are backed by world-class doctors and facilities.
The United Kingdom produces some of the finest doctors in the world. Medical training in the country is a highly competitive field and there are more doctors seeking to undertake training than in any other country. The quality of doctors in the country matches the international standards. Majority of them have been educated at premier universities. The doctors perform some procedures like knee replacement, gallbladder removal, and hip replacement with a high success rate, ensuring complete patient safety and speedy recovery. The country also has some of the most renowned cardiologists, neurologists, gynecologists, and orthopedic doctors who have handled critical cases effectively.
The first thing that you need to check is whether you require a visa to visit the United Kingdom for treatment because a visa is not required for some countries. You can apply for a visa waiver if you are from Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, and United Arab Emirates. The documents required for applying for a medical visa include:
If you need further treatment, you can extend your visa by 6 months.
United Kingdom is one of the major medical tourism destinations with a large pool of state-of-art hospitals. Some of these hospitals are:
Equipped with all modern facilities, the hospitals offer a large number of procedures in modern surroundings, supported by well-trained doctors. Hospitals have received worldwide recognition for several other reasons, such as the efficiency of doctors and other healthcare staff, the safety aspects, a wide variety of food options, patient-centric care, low mortality rate, and high success rates. There are a few rankings systems that you can check to find the best hospitals in the United Kingdom. The top-ranked hospital Royal Berkshire NHS Hospital is at the 67th position in the world. The inspection ratings is also given by the Care Quality Commission (CQC).
The United Kingdom has received worldwide recognition for its excellence in procedures like:
Breast reduction and breast augmentation are the most sought-after procedure in the country. With recent developments in cancer care technology, the United Kingdom has been recognized as a leading country for effective cancer treatment. Hip replacement surgery is also becoming popular in the United Kingdom. According to a report, about 50,000 people seek a hip replacement in the country every year.
The most popular cities that are preferred by medical tourists in the United Kingdom are:
Edgbaston Medical Quarter is the fastest growing healthcare hub which has a regional cluster of world-class hospitals offering quality treatment. One of the popular cities for seeking treatment, Birmingham boasts state-of-art infrastructure, reputed hospitals, better connectivity, and skilled doctors. London is the most preferred destination for medical tourism in the United Kingdom. The city is flocked with some of the top hospitals offering a wide spectrum of procedures with excellent results.
Yes, vaccines are recommended or required for the United Kingdom. The CDC and WHO recommend the below vaccines for the country:
It takes some time to develop immunity after vaccination, so it is important to get vaccinated at least 8 weeks prior to the travel date. In case you are suffering from a medical condition that restricts you from vaccination, you can be exempted from vaccination after a medical practitioner confirms the condition. Always check with a doctor and the government authority as to what vaccination must be taken.
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