Cancer of the prostate gland is termed as Prostrate Cancer. The prostate gland is a small walnut-shaped gland, which produces some of the fluids in the semen and helps men in controlling their urine. It is one of the most common cancers in men. This cancer grows slowly and is confined to the gland, where it doesn’t cause any serious harm. There are certain types of prostate cancer, which grow slowly and may need minimum treatment or no treatment. The aggressive form of cancer spread quickly.
Medical tourism is a budding industry in India, with tourists coming from across the globe to get various types of medical facilities. The chief charm in India is the quality of healthcare, available at affordable prices, with no waitlist. Most of the Indian doctors are famed throughout the world for their commitment and skills. The majority of the hospitals in India are offering international facilities with cutting-edge diagnostic methods and advanced technology for all types of oncology procedures. The onco-surgeons have received training from some of the renowned institutes globally.
Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi
BLK Super Specialty Hospital, New Delhi
SevenHills Hospital, Mumbai
Fortis Group of Hospitals, Pan India
Artemis Hospital, Delhi NCR
Global Hospital, Chennai, Mumbai, and Bangalore
Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai
Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune
American Oncology Institute, Hyderabad
The best hospitals for prostate cancer treatment in India are equipped with the latest technology used for the management of cases. A majority of these centers are accredited by the JCI and is managed by staff from a strong educational and healthcare background. Moreover, these hospitals possess all the facilities under the same roof. Things are managed and organized to create a seamless experience for the patient.
The average cost of prostate cancer treatment in India in USD$ 3500, which is comparatively lower than the other medical tourism destinations. The cost of prostate cancer treatment also depends on a number of factors ranging from the type of surgery to the quality of the hospital where the patient is undergoing treatment.
The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system, which makes fluid that forms an essential part of the semen. Prostate cancer starts when cells of the prostate glands begin to grow abnormally
Prostate cancer is one of the leading cancers in men above the age of 60. In most of the cases, it is slow growing and may even go undetected and do not cause any problem. However, in some cases, it could be aggressive and cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body (metastatic prostate cancer)
Prostate cancer is a very slow growing disease and starts with tiny alterations in the shape and size of the prostate gland cells. The prostate cancer risk increases with age and it is rarely observed before the age of 40. That is the main reason why many men die of old age, without ever knowing that they had prostate cancer.
There is no direct prostate cancer causes. However, there are some factors that can increase the risk of prostate cancer, including the following:
Usually, prostate cancer means the cancer of prostate gland cells called prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN). Almost all the prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas, but there are some other types of prostate cancer as well, including the following:
Based on how abnormal the patterns of cancer cells look, prostate cancers are classified as:
There are no warning signs of prostate cancer. The symptoms of metastatic prostate cancer usually appear first in the region that the cancer cells have invaded.
After cancer causes the prostate gland to swell, the following signs of prostate cancer may be experienced:
In prostate cancer stages, the following symptoms may also be there:
Treatment for prostate cancer can be divided into early stage and advanced stage. Your doctor will choose the best suitable treatment for you, depending on the stage and classification of prostate cancer, your age, and overall health status. Although, your feelings, expected lifespan, and your opinion will play a major role in choosing the right kind of treatment.
The most common treatment options for prostate cancer include the following:
Watchful waiting or active surveillance
No immediate treatment is carried out, but the patient is followed up at regular intervals to see the progression of the disease. This method is used in elderly patients with short life expectancy and in case of an early disease.
The main type of prostate surgery is called radical prostatectomy. In this, cancerous tissues are removed by a surgical operation. A long cut in the abdomen is needed in this surgery, depending on the extent and stage of cancer.
However, a keyhole surgery for prostate cancer using a laparoscope or robot is also available. These treatments have good success rates but may result in certain long-term side effects such as sexual dysfunction, narrowing of the urethra, and urinary incontinence.
High-intensity beams are used in this treatment to destroy the cancer cells in the prostate. Radiotherapy can be administered via needles implanted into the prostate, under ultrasound guidance or as an external beam. Radiotherapy can be used after surgery if the resection of cancer tissue has not been completed.
There are two types of radiotherapy for prostate cancer:
In this, the radiation beams are shaped so that the region where they overlap is as close to the same shape as the organ that requires treatment. It minimizes healthy tissue exposure to radiation.
In this, the beams with variable intensity are used. It is an advanced form of conformal radiotherapy. It is usually delivered with the help of a computer-controlled linear accelerator.
Hormone therapy involves the use of medications that suppress testosterone levels. They are used as primary treatment and in advanced cases or Stage 4 prostate cancer.
Chemotherapy is a kind of advance drug treatment in which strong medications are used to kill the cancer cells and prevent it from spreading. It is used when the prostate cancer is not controlled by hormonal treatment. Chemotherapy is selected only for treatment of Stage 4 prostate cancer and when the patient can cope with it.
This treatment uses extremely cold temperatures to freeze and destroy cancer tissues in the prostate. Cryotherapy is the best option for treating recurrent prostate cancer, especially if initial radiation therapy did not kill enough cancer cells. The surgeon inserts an ultra-thin metal probe or needle into the prostate gland, from which a freezing liquid, such as liquid nitrogen or more commonly, argon gas, is infused into the prostate gland.
Some treatments such as radiofrequency and high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) are used to treat early prostate cancer or when the patient is not fit for a major surgery.
Prostate cancer treatment in India is widely available across different hospitals across the country. India, as a country, is globally renowned for the quality of medical treatment and skilled doctors and surgeons, who provide their services at an extremely reasonable cost.
Many patients from abroad fly to India every year for cancer treatment. India has some of the best medical, surgical, and radiation oncologists, a majority of which are trained and educated from some of the best medical institutes in the world.
There are many reasons why one should choose to undergo prostate cancer treatment in India. Some of these include the following:
Availability of the latest diagnostic and treatment technology
Experienced and highly skilled oncologists
Economical treatment facilities
Low cost of living
Advanced prostate cancer treatment in India is available across many oncology centers and hospitals. A majority of these hospitals are located in the Tier-1 metropolitan cities such as Delhi, Chennai, Bangalore, Mumbai, and Hyderabad.
These are some of the cities that are most frequently visited by patients from abroad for medical treatment. Some of the reasons behind the same include the following:
Availability of all facilities within the vicinity of the hospital
Some of the best doctors of prostate cancer treatment in India are associated with the hospitals in these cities
These cities are connected with all major countries through direct international flights
Availability of a range of accommodation options such as hotels and independent apartments
Availability of advanced prostate cancer treatment
Prostate cancer treatment cost in India varies from one patient to the other. The overall expenses that a patient may have to bear depending on the stage, grade, extent, and type of prostate cancer that he may be suffering from.
When it comes to cancer, the treatment is highly individualistic. The team of medical, surgical, and radiation oncologists decides the personalized treatment plan on the basis of the individual cancer characteristics and overall health. Therefore, the average cost of prostate cancer treatment may vary from one patient to the other.
For example, the cost of robotic surgery for prostate cancer in India may start at approximately $5000. On the other hand, the cost of radiation therapy for prostate cancer in India may cost around $3000. The average cost of prostate cancer treatment in India, therefore, varies between $5000 and $8000, depending on the mode and type of treatment administered.
Some of the best doctors for prostate cancer treatment in India are associated with the hospitals located in the Tier-1 cities. The top hospitals for prostate cancer treatment in India are accredited by the Joint Commission International (JCI), which is the global standard for healthcare quality.
Following are some of the top hospitals for prostate cancer treatment in India:
Artemis Hospital located in New Delhi
Since its inception in the year 2007, the Artemis Hospital has treated more than a thousand prostate cancer patients successfully. With an amalgamation of highly-experienced doctors and exquisite technology, the healthcare center keeps increasing the success rate over the disease gradually.
Indraprastha Apollo Hospital located in Delhi
One of the oldest extensions of Apollo Hospital, the IAH has been pioneers in many cases, and prostate surgery is one of them. It employs several techniques, such as invasive and non-invasive surgical procedures, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and chemotherapy, for treating its patients.
Fortis Malar Hospital located in the city of Chennai
The multi-specialty tertiary care center, FMH, ranks as one of the best hospitals in India for prostate cancer surgery. Mostly, the doctors of the hospital opt for surgical procedures. However, if your disease has advanced a little bit, then they will, first, reduce the size of the tumor and then proceed with the surgical procedure.
Fortis Anandapur Hospital in Kolkata
Fortis Anandapur Hospital is one of the newest of the lot but still has surpassed many of its rivals due to its state-of-the-art tech usage and efficiency of the doctors. As per reports, the hospital currently uses surgery and chemotherapy as the means of treating the disease.
Fortis Hospital, Bannerghatta Road
We are going to end this list with yet another top-notch hospital, the FAH. Like the others, it, too, has been offering its services in this aspect for many years. It has a remarkably high success rate in treating prostate cancer and has cured hundreds of help-seekers until now. The doctors of the hospital mainly use a combination of radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and surgery to treat this potentially life-threatening health condition.
Research has shown that the prostate cancer survival rate in India is approximately 10 to 15 years. However, it varies from one patient to the other, depending on which stage the cancer is diagnosed.
A study conducted in the past in Mumbai has also shown that patients who undergo a surgery for prostate cancer survive better (91%) than patients who do not. Even though diagnosis and treatment play an important role in prostate cancer survival rate, it also depends on how aware an individual is about the health of the prostate. Early diagnosis means early treatment intervention and better chances of survival.
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