Being a malignant tumor, Prostate Cancer occurs in the prostate gland situated only in the male body. A walnut-shaped gland, Prostate is located right in front of the rectum, behind the base of the penis and below the bladder. A tube-like channel called urethra which carries semen and urine through the penis is surrounded by the Prostate. The basic function of the Prostate is to produce semen and helps in the transportation of semen containing sperms. When there are some changes taking place in the DNA which contains instructions for the growth and development of every kind of cells, it signifies that Cancer has arisen in the body. An altered DNA gives rise to abnormal growth of cells, eventually forming a tumor in the body.
In some cases of Prostate Cancer, they grow at a very slow speed and do not cause any kind of problem to the patient for many years. In addition, many people do not even die due to Prostate Cancer; instead, they live their whole life alongside the same. This means that in such cases, the cause of death is not Prostate Cancer but something else. In case, the Prostate Cancer spreads out to the other body parts, undergoing the right treatment can help wipe away the Cancer from the body and reduce fatigue, pain and other symptoms of Cancer as well, consequently extending the duration of life.
In America, Prostate Cancer is believed to be the second-most dreadful Cancer following Lung Cancer. According to a recent report, the death toll in America due to the Prostate Cancer is 27,360 every year. However, another report says that approximately 2 million men in America are still alive after getting diagnosed with Prostate Cancer at some phase in their lives.
Every country charges a different price for the treatment of Prostate Cancer. For instance, well-developed countries like the United Kingdom, United States of America, Canada, etc. ask for a much higher price for the Prostate Cancer Treatment. However, there are a lot of factors that affect a treatment’s price in every country. The most common factors that extremely affect the total cost of treatment are –
Type of treatment
Patient’s medical history
Expertise of doctor
Type of hospital
Location of hospital
Brand value of the hospital
The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system, which makes fluid that forms an essential part of the semen. Prostate cancer starts when cells of the prostate glands begin to grow abnormally
Prostate cancer is one of the leading cancers in men above the age of 60. In most of the cases, it is slow growing and may even go undetected and do not cause any problem. However, in some cases, it could be aggressive and cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body (metastatic prostate cancer)
Prostate cancer is a very slow growing disease and starts with tiny alterations in the shape and size of the prostate gland cells. The prostate cancer risk increases with age and it is rarely observed before the age of 40. That is the main reason why many men die of old age, without ever knowing that they had prostate cancer.
There is no direct prostate cancer causes. However, there are some factors that can increase the risk of prostate cancer, including the following:
Usually, prostate cancer means the cancer of prostate gland cells called prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN). Almost all the prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas, but there are some other types of prostate cancer as well, including the following:
Based on how abnormal the patterns of cancer cells look, prostate cancers are classified as:
There are no warning signs of prostate cancer. The symptoms of metastatic prostate cancer usually appear first in the region that the cancer cells have invaded.
After cancer causes the prostate gland to swell, the following signs of prostate cancer may be experienced:
In prostate cancer stages, the following symptoms may also be there:
Treatment for prostate cancer can be divided into early stage and advanced stage. Your doctor will choose the best suitable treatment for you, depending on the stage and classification of prostate cancer, your age, and overall health status. Although, your feelings, expected lifespan, and your opinion will play a major role in choosing the right kind of treatment.
The most common treatment options for prostate cancer include the following:
Watchful waiting or active surveillance
No immediate treatment is carried out, but the patient is followed up at regular intervals to see the progression of the disease. This method is used in elderly patients with short life expectancy and in case of an early disease.
The main type of prostate surgery is called radical prostatectomy. In this, cancerous tissues are removed by a surgical operation. A long cut in the abdomen is needed in this surgery, depending on the extent and stage of cancer.
However, a keyhole surgery for prostate cancer using a laparoscope or robot is also available. These treatments have good success rates but may result in certain long-term side effects such as sexual dysfunction, narrowing of the urethra, and urinary incontinence.
High-intensity beams are used in this treatment to destroy the cancer cells in the prostate. Radiotherapy can be administered via needles implanted into the prostate, under ultrasound guidance or as an external beam. Radiotherapy can be used after surgery if the resection of cancer tissue has not been completed.
There are two types of radiotherapy for prostate cancer:
In this, the radiation beams are shaped so that the region where they overlap is as close to the same shape as the organ that requires treatment. It minimizes healthy tissue exposure to radiation.
In this, the beams with variable intensity are used. It is an advanced form of conformal radiotherapy. It is usually delivered with the help of a computer-controlled linear accelerator.
Hormone therapy involves the use of medications that suppress testosterone levels. They are used as primary treatment and in advanced cases or Stage 4 prostate cancer.
Chemotherapy is a kind of advance drug treatment in which strong medications are used to kill the cancer cells and prevent it from spreading. It is used when the prostate cancer is not controlled by hormonal treatment. Chemotherapy is selected only for treatment of Stage 4 prostate cancer and when the patient can cope with it.
This treatment uses extremely cold temperatures to freeze and destroy cancer tissues in the prostate. Cryotherapy is the best option for treating recurrent prostate cancer, especially if initial radiation therapy did not kill enough cancer cells. The surgeon inserts an ultra-thin metal probe or needle into the prostate gland, from which a freezing liquid, such as liquid nitrogen or more commonly, argon gas, is infused into the prostate gland.
Some treatments such as radiofrequency and high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) are used to treat early prostate cancer or when the patient is not fit for a major surgery.
It is not yet clear what the actual factors are that cause Prostate Cancer in men. However, doctors do know that Prostate Cancer takes place when the cells situated in the Prostate starts to grow in an abnormal way. Changes in the DNA of cells cause the cells to grow and divide more speedily than the normal cells actually do. The abnormal cells keep on living while the other cells die, consequently forming a tumor.
Although the real cause behind the Prostate Cancer is unknown, yet there are many risk factors which might up the risk of Prostate Cancer in men.
Age –As men grow old, the risk of Prostate Cancer also increases.
Race –For undetermined reasons, black men tend to have a greater risk of Prostate Cancer as compared to the other races. Moreover, Prostate Cancer is likely to be more advanced and aggressive in black men.
Family history –If any men in the family ever had Prostate Cancer, it is possible to have Prostate Cancer. In addition, if anyone had Breast Cancer or has a long family history of Breast Cancer, it naturally increases the risk of Prostate Cancer.
If the Cancer screening in Dubai can be done at low prices then the treatment can also be done without spending a fortune. However, there are many factors that hugely affect the total cost of the treatment such as type of treatment, doctor’s expertise, type of hospital, location of the hospital, the status of the hospital and medical condition of the patient. In short, the average cost of Prostate Cancer Treatment in Dubai is $2,100 to $4,000.
One can undergo any type of surgery in the United Arab Emirates for Prostate Cancer Treatment. However, there are two basic surgeries people often opt for.
In this method of surgery, the whole Prostate and other surrounding seminal vesicles along with the lymph nodes in the pelvic region are removed.
Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP)
This method of surgery is basically used to release the symptoms of urinary obstacle and not to cure cancer. The procedure of TURP includes the usage of a cystoscope which is inserted into the urethra and Prostate in order to remove the Prostate tissue.
The recovery process post-treatment in the UAE for Prostate Cancer involves the patient to spend some more time in hospital if needed. Basically, the intensity and the patient’s medical condition determine the amount of time to be spent in the hospital. A catheter will be used to hold the patient’s urine until the urinary tract gets completely recovered. When the swelling is reduced, the patient will be asked to do some light exercises to improve blood circulation. Also, the patient should avoid lifting heavy objects for a few months and consume a lot of healthy diet like fruits and fresh fruit juice.
The top hospitals for Prostate Cancer Treatment in UAE are –
Al Zahra Hospital
Canadian Specialist Hospital
Saudi German Hospital
The top doctors and surgeons for Prostate Cancer Treatment in Dubai are –
Dr. Anis Haddad
Prof. Dr. Moamen Abdelrahim
Dr. Rakesh Parashar
Dr. Pushpangathan Sankaran
Dr. Amin Kelani
(+1) 424 283 4838