Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a neurosurgical procedure that involves implantation of electrodes within the specific targeted areas of the brain. It is used to treat a variety of disabling neurological symptoms. Deep brain stimulation procedure can be opted for treating a number of neurological conditions, including Parkinson's disease, Essential tremor, Dystonia, Epilepsy, Tourette syndrome, obsessive-compulsive disorder and chronic pain. Deep brain stimulation uses a neurostimulator, commonly referred to as deep brain stimulator, to deliver electrical stimulation to targeted areas in the brain that control movement.
The impulse sent by deep brain stimulator interferes with and blocks the electrical signals that cause tremor and other Parkinson’s disease symptoms. The targeted areas most often include the thalamus, subthalamic nucleus and globus pallidus. Deep brain stimulation procedure has a long history of research. It was first introduced in 1987 and The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved deep brain stimulation treatment for essential tremor and Parkinson's disease in 1997.
Deep brain stimulation treatment is recommended for people who have had Parkinson’s disease for at least four years, are still getting benefited from medications, but have motor complications, such as significant on-off time periods. Brain stimulation therapy works by inactivating the parts of the brain that cause Parkinson's disease symptoms. However, DBS Parkinson does not damage the healthy brain tissue by destroying nerve cells. It blocks electrical signals from targeted areas of the brain.
Deep brain stimulation treatment has proven effective in most of the cases, but it could potentially result in serious complications and side effects. This is the main reason why deep brain stimulation treatment is used only for patients whose symptoms are not appropriately controlled with medications.
During the deep brain stimulation therapy, the neurosurgeon first uses magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan to identify the exact target within the brain where electrical nerve signals generate the symptoms. Some doctors may use microelectrode recording (a small wire that observes the activity of nerve cells in the target area) to more specifically and precisely identify the target in the brain that will be stimulated during the treatment.
After identifying the targets in the brain, there are several ways in which the permanent electrodes are placed into the target areas. The patient is given a local anaesthetic before the procedure, and then the neurosurgeon implants electrode by making small holes in the skull. The implanted electrodes are connected with extensions (a thin insulated wire) connected with the stimulator. These extensions are passed by some incisions under the skin of the head, neck, and shoulder. Deep brain stimulator is a battery-operated medical device similar to a heart pacemaker. It is implanted under the skin near the collarbone or in the chest.
Typically, patients need to stay in the hospital until their incision-related pain is under control, they are able to eat, drink and walk. Mostly, the patients are required to stay for only one night at the hospital after the surgery, but some patient may be advised to stay for at least two nights. The patient will not be able to shower or wet the area around the incision until the wound has completely healed. Deep brain stimulation programming takes place about 3 to 4 weeks after the surgery and this is when the actual benefits of the treatment can be reaped.
After a few weeks of surgery, the neurostimulator (IPG) is activated by a specialist. The specialist can easily program the IPG from outside the patient’s body using a special remote control. The amount of stimulation is customized as per specific needs. Stimulation may be constant or the specialist may advise to turn the IPG off at night and back on in the morning, depending on the condition of the patient. The batteries of stimulator may last for three to five years. The IPG replacement procedure is relatively simple. Inform your doctor immediately in case you experience any problems related to speech, balance, and coordination or in case you experience mood swings, numbness, muscle tightness, or lightheadedness.
USD 34500 is the starting cost of Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery in the United Kingdom. QHA Trent Accreditation, ISQUA, UKAF are just some of the accreditations which top hospitals in the United Kingdom hold where a Deep Brain Stimulation is conducted.
Deep Brain Stimulation package cost in the United Kingdom has different inclusions and exclusions. The top hospitals for Deep Brain Stimulation in the United Kingdom covers all the expenses related to the pre-surgery investigations of the candidate. Typically, the package cost of Deep Brain Stimulation in the United Kingdom includes the expenses related to the surgeon's fee, anesthesia, hospital, meals, nursing and ICU stay. Stay outside the package duration, post-operative complications and diagnosis of a new condition may further increase the Deep Brain Stimulation cost in the United Kingdom.
Many hospitals in the United Kingdom perform Deep Brain Stimulation. Some of the most renowned hospitals for Deep Brain Stimulation in the United Kingdom include the following:
After Deep Brain Stimulation in the United Kingdom, the patient is supposed to stay in guest house for another 21 days. This is important to ensure that the surgery was successful. During this time, control and follow-up tests take place to check for medical fitness.
One of the topmost destinations for Deep Brain Stimulation is the United Kingdom. It has a variety of accredited hospital, affordable cost of treatment and some of the best medical fraternity. Some of the other destinations that are popular for Deep Brain Stimulation include the following:
|Saudi Arabia||USD 42000|
|South Africa||USD 48500|
|South Korea||USD 60000|
|United Kingdom||USD 34500|
Apart from the cost of Deep Brain Stimulation, the patient is also required to pay additionally for daily meals and guest house accommodation. The per day extra expenses in the United Kingdom per person are about USD 50 per person.
Deep Brain Stimulation in the United Kingdom is offered in almost all metropolitan cities, including the following:
After the Deep Brain Stimulation takes place, the average duration of stay at the hospital is about 2 days. This phase is important to ensure that the patient is recovering well and is clinically stable. During this time, several tests are performed before the patient is deemed suitable for discharge.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer Deep Brain Stimulation in the United Kingdom. Such hospitals have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. These hospitals comply with all the rules and regulations as dictated by the regulatory bodies and medical association in United Kingdom
QHA Trent and United Kingdom Accreditation Forum are the main healthcare accreditation bodies in the United Kingdom. Formed with a vision to improve healthcare quality in Great Britain, QHA Trent strives to lower risks for healthcare providers, patients, and the general public. Service providers and service users have a mechanism to support quality improvement by integrating different accreditation programs with regulatory bodies and other improvement processes. The accreditation bodies evaluate a healthcare system based on parameters, such as administrative management, performance management, and quality of patient care.
The United Kingdom is considered one of the leading destinations in the world for seeking treatment due to its modern infrastructure and major medical advancements. In the last few years, the country has seen tremendous growth in the medical tourism industry, mostly due to more investment in technology and communication and transport. The United Kingdom’s healthcare system has received worldwide recognition due to some unique aspects like appointments and same-day diagnosis, rapid response multi-disciplinary review teams, and emerging treatments. Populated with state-of-art hospitals like London Bridge Hospital, BUPA Cromwell, and Great Ormond Street, the country boasts of world-class treatment through highly trained doctors and advanced technology.
The United Kingdom produces some of the finest doctors in the world. Medical training in the country is a highly competitive field and there are more doctors seeking to undertake training than in any other country. The country has top quality doctors who are very efficient in handling even the most complicated cases with ease ant this quality is attributed to their extensive training and education at premier colleges. The doctors perform some procedures like knee replacement, gallbladder removal, and hip replacement with a high success rate, ensuring complete patient safety and speedy recovery. Though the country has good doctors in almost all specialty areas, gynecologists, orthopedic doctors, cardiologists, and neurologists have received global recognition for their effective treatment using a holistic approach.
You can visit the United Kingdom without a visa or by applying for a visa waiver depending on the country you are from. Electronic UK visa waiver program is available for countries like Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, and United Arab Emirates. The documents required for applying for a medical visa include:
You can extend your visa by 6 months if you need further treatment.
United Kingdom is a leading therapeutic center with many premium hospital groups as listed below:
Equipped with all modern facilities, the hospitals offer a large number of procedures in modern surroundings, supported by well-trained doctors. There are a lot of other reasons that contribute to the popularity of these hospitals, including efficiency of doctors and other healthcare staff, safety aspects, low mortality rate, and high success rates, and patient-centric care. To find the top hospitals in the United Kingdom, there are a few rating systems you can check. The current highest ranked hospital in the country is the Royal Berkshire NHS Hospital, ranked at 67 in the world. You can refer to the inspection ratings of the Care Quality Commission (CQC).
The United Kingdom has received worldwide recognition for its excellence in procedures like:
According to a report by BAAPS, breast reduction and breast augmentation are the most popular procedures in the country. The United Kingdom has received worldwide recognition for offering effective cancer treatment and some of the types of cancer that have reported high success rates include breast cancer, brain cancer, and prostate cancer. Hip replacement surgery is also becoming popular in the United Kingdom. According to a report, about 50,000 people seek a hip replacement in the country every year.
The most popular cities that are preferred by medical tourists in the United Kingdom are:
Edgbaston Medical Quarter is the fastest growing healthcare hub which has a regional cluster of world-class hospitals offering quality treatment. One of the popular cities for seeking treatment, Birmingham boasts state-of-art infrastructure, reputed hospitals, better connectivity, and skilled doctors. Attracting people from different corners of the world to seek treatment, London is the hub for world-class hospitals offering a number of procedures with high success rates.
Yes, vaccines are recommended or required for the United Kingdom. The CDC and WHO recommend the below vaccines for the country:
It takes some time to develop immunity after vaccination, so it is important to get vaccinated at least 8 weeks prior to the travel date. You are allowed to travel without getting vaccinated if you are suffering from some illness that restricts vaccination. Connect with the government official or contact your hospital in the United Kingdom to get complete information on vaccination.
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