Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a neurosurgical procedure that involves implantation of electrodes within the specific targeted areas of the brain. It is used to treat a variety of disabling neurological symptoms. Deep brain stimulation procedure can be opted for treating a number of neurological conditions, including Parkinson's disease, Essential tremor, Dystonia, Epilepsy, Tourette syndrome, obsessive-compulsive disorder and chronic pain. Deep brain stimulation uses a neurostimulator, commonly referred to as deep brain stimulator, to deliver electrical stimulation to targeted areas in the brain that control movement.
The impulse sent by deep brain stimulator interferes with and blocks the electrical signals that cause tremor and other Parkinson’s disease symptoms. The targeted areas most often include the thalamus, subthalamic nucleus and globus pallidus. Deep brain stimulation procedure has a long history of research. It was first introduced in 1987 and The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved deep brain stimulation treatment for essential tremor and Parkinson's disease in 1997.
Deep brain stimulation treatment is recommended for people who have had Parkinson’s disease for at least four years, are still getting benefited from medications, but have motor complications, such as significant on-off time periods. Brain stimulation therapy works by inactivating the parts of the brain that cause Parkinson's disease symptoms. However, DBS Parkinson does not damage the healthy brain tissue by destroying nerve cells. It blocks electrical signals from targeted areas of the brain.
Deep brain stimulation treatment has proven effective in most of the cases, but it could potentially result in serious complications and side effects. This is the main reason why deep brain stimulation treatment is used only for patients whose symptoms are not appropriately controlled with medications.
During the deep brain stimulation therapy, the neurosurgeon first uses magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan to identify the exact target within the brain where electrical nerve signals generate the symptoms. Some doctors may use microelectrode recording (a small wire that observes the activity of nerve cells in the target area) to more specifically and precisely identify the target in the brain that will be stimulated during the treatment.
After identifying the targets in the brain, there are several ways in which the permanent electrodes are placed into the target areas. The patient is given a local anaesthetic before the procedure, and then the neurosurgeon implants electrode by making small holes in the skull. The implanted electrodes are connected with extensions (a thin insulated wire) connected with the stimulator. These extensions are passed by some incisions under the skin of the head, neck, and shoulder. Deep brain stimulator is a battery-operated medical device similar to a heart pacemaker. It is implanted under the skin near the collarbone or in the chest.
Typically, patients need to stay in the hospital until their incision-related pain is under control, they are able to eat, drink and walk. Mostly, the patients are required to stay for only one night at the hospital after the surgery, but some patient may be advised to stay for at least two nights. The patient will not be able to shower or wet the area around the incision until the wound has completely healed. Deep brain stimulation programming takes place about 3 to 4 weeks after the surgery and this is when the actual benefits of the treatment can be reaped.
After a few weeks of surgery, the neurostimulator (IPG) is activated by a specialist. The specialist can easily program the IPG from outside the patient’s body using a special remote control. The amount of stimulation is customized as per specific needs. Stimulation may be constant or the specialist may advise to turn the IPG off at night and back on in the morning, depending on the condition of the patient. The batteries of stimulator may last for three to five years. The IPG replacement procedure is relatively simple. Inform your doctor immediately in case you experience any problems related to speech, balance, and coordination or in case you experience mood swings, numbness, muscle tightness, or lightheadedness.
In South Korea, the average starting cost for Deep Brain Stimulation is USD 60000. Deep Brain Stimulation in South Korea is available across many hospitals in different states.
Deep Brain Stimulation package cost in South Korea has different inclusions and exclusions. Some of the best hospitals for Deep Brain Stimulation offer a comprehensive package that covers the end-to-end expenses related to investigations and treatment of the patient. The Deep Brain Stimulation cost in South Korea includes the cost of anesthesia, medicines, hospitalization and the surgeon's fee. Post-surgical complications, new findings and delayed recovery may have an impact on the total Deep Brain Stimulation cost in South Korea.
Upon discharge from the hospital after Deep Brain Stimulation in South Korea, the patients are advised to stay for about 21 days for recovery. This period is important to conduct all the follow-up tests to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient can go back to the home country.
South Korea is undoubtedly one of the best countries for Deep Brain Stimulation in the world. It offers the best medical expertise and good patient experience at an affordable cost. Some of the other popular destinations for Deep Brain Stimulation include the following:
|Saudi Arabia||USD 42000|
|South Africa||USD 48500|
|South Korea||USD 60000|
|United Kingdom||USD 34500|
Apart from the cost of Deep Brain Stimulation, the patient is also required to pay additionally for daily meals and guest house accommodation. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
Some of the best cities in South Korea which offer Deep Brain Stimulation are:
The patient has to spend about 2 days in the hospital after Deep Brain Stimulation for proper recovery and to get clearance for discharge. This phase is important to ensure that the patient is recovering well and is clinically stable. During this time, several tests are performed before the patient is deemed suitable for discharge.
There are more than 2 hospitals that offer Deep Brain Stimulation in South Korea. These clinics have propoer infrastructure as well as offer good quality of services when it comes to Deep Brain Stimulation Apart from good services, the hospitals are known to follow all standard and legal guidelines as dictated by the local medical affairs body or organization.
Korea Institute for Healthcare Accreditation (KOHIA) and Commission International (JCI) are the two main healthcare accreditation bodies in South Korea. JCI, which has certified around 29 hospitals in South Korea, has set strong quality parameters based on which hospitals are evaluated. KOIHA has a comprehensive framework for evaluating the hospitals and the quality parameters are administrative management and quality of patient care and performance management. JCI and KOIHA certified hospitals need to follow the standards that require strict monitoring of all critical events so that quality care is ensured.
With advanced infrastructure and most advanced medical technologies in place, South Korea is one of the leading medical tourism destinations in the world. Backed by world-class hospitals, South Korea has well-qualified doctors who are highly trained and skilled to handle even the most complicated cases with a high success rate. Proving quality care at an affordable cost, the country is declared most innovative in healthcare practices. A number of other factors make South Korea the most sought-after destination for medical tourism, such as affordable accommodation, a wide range of food options, scenic value, visa availability, transportation facilities, and language assistance.
The well-trained and highly skilled doctors in South Korea use their deep expertise in performing various procedures with a high success rate. Having received quality education at reputed institutions and with decades of rigorous training, the doctors have reported high success rates. The doctors aim to provide quality care with complete patient satisfaction by following medical protocols and international standards. The doctors believe in personalized care for achieving better outcomes and help in the speedy recovery of patients through human touch.
Connect with the concerned authority to find out if you require any extra documents as each country has different documentation policies. Make a list of all the documents you might need in South Korea in order to make sure that you do not miss any of them. Travel insurance paper, currency/forex card, and international SIM card are some other documents you may need when traveling to another country. Make sure that you carry all the essential documents when traveling to South Korea, such as passport copies, test reports, residence/ driver’s license, bank statement, doctor referral notes, medical history, details of health insurance, visa, credit/debit cards.
Plastic surgery has become South Korea’s specialty and some of the popular procedures available in South Korea are:
. South Korea has reported the highest per capita rate of plastic surgery, according to a recent survey and the country is flocked with a high number of cosmetic clinics. Other than plastic surgery, the country has reported high success rates with other procedures like cancer treatment, organ transplant, cardiovascular surgeries and hip and shoulder replacement. South Korea has also made major advances in cancer treatment and the latest technology used to remove cancer cells are robotic surgeries and proton therapies.
Some of the most visited cities offering quality treatment in South Korea are Seoul, Busan, Incheon, Daegu, Cheonan, and Cheonan. There are several factors that help make these cities popular for seeking treatment, such as top-notch hospitals, superior infrastructure, and highly experienced doctors. These cities have gained popularity in medical tourism due to several other reasons like transportation facilities, cheap accommodation, more food options, language assistance. Seoul is mostly popular for plastic surgeries and Gangnam district alone has 500 cosmetic and aesthetic centers.
A person willing to visit South Korea for treatment has to adhere to strict protocols set by the Korean embassy. A candidate has to produce medical records citing medical reasons and the referral certificate signed by the registered medical expert. South Korea grants a dependent medical visa to a person who is accompanying a patient traveling to the country for medical treatment. You need to also produce relevant letters/documents with details of the treatment, signed by the doctors and hospitals, and a declaration form signed by the patient or any family member.
South Korea has some of the recognized multispecialty hospitals in the world, such as:
Equipped with modern equipment and the latest medical technologies, the multispecialty hospitals in South Korea are backed by the modern infrastructure to provide world-class treatment. The hospitals are committed to delivering quality medical care by ensuring that healthcare standards and protocols are strictly followed. With a wide range of specialities, the hospitals have reported high success rates with the help of highly-experienced doctors who are capable of performing even the most complex surgeries with high accuracy and precision.
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