Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures In Hungary

Brachial plexus or Plexus Brachialis is formed by the conjunction of somatic nerves involving the anterior or ventral roots (rami) of the four end cervical regions and the first thoracic portion vertebrae (C5, C6, C7, C, 8, and T1). The network of nerves travels from the spinal cord to the initial ribs and covers both the armpits via the cervicoaxillary canal (neck). Any injury to the conjunction may cause tremendous pain in the shoulder region, neck, and arms. 

What are brachial plexus injuries, and how is its treatment performed?

Brachial plexus injuries are mostly caused due to any traumatic or accidental damage resulting from sudden and excessive jerk to the shoulder which eventually strains the nerves. In severe cases, the nerves may also get torn apart which requires thorough medical attention and surgical treatments.

Besides being prescribed within killers, the treatments for minor injuries may range from physiotherapy to regular exercise. To reduce the pain and prevent the condition from worsening, one must refrain from heavy physical activities and outdoor sports. Besides, the surgical treatments required for the same are:

  • Muscle transfer
  • Nerve graft
  • Nerve transfer

The three procedures involve transferring of nerve or a patch of thin muscle from a different, healthy portion to the damaged brachial nerves in order to re-establish the connection in the position.

Ideal Candidate for stereotactic procedures 

Stereotactic procedures involve 3D coordinating procedures, in order to track down the area of damage and perform necessary functions. With a minimum invasion, the procedure allows performing biopsy, radiosurgery, ablation, etc. Ideal candidates for the same are candidates who:

  • Show signs of neurological trauma or damage, and may require surgery
  • Have tumors and require radiosurgery 
  • Require other invasive treatments 
  • Damage or disruption is undetected otherwise

Factors affecting the cost of Stereotactic Procedures

Brachial plexus injuries/stereotactic procedures cost may vary as per the requirement and usually begins from $7500. However, the deciding factors which may result in variation are:

  • Requirement or type of stereotactic procedure
  • The extent of the procedure required
  • Area affected
  • Type of healthcare benefit availed
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About the Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures

Brachial plexus injury is a medical emergency caused due to an injury to the brachial plexus group of nerves that sends signals from your spine to your shoulder, arm, and hand. These nerves control and administer feelings in the muscles of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hand, and arm. This damage is also known as brachial plexopathy. Brachial plexus injury appears when these nerves are compressed, stretched, or in the most serious case, ripped apart from the spinal cord. Some brachial plexus injuries known as stingers or burners are inconsequential and will completely recover in a few weeks. However, other brachial plexus injuries are severe enough and may cause some permanent impairment in the arm. In severe conditions, it can paralyze your arm, with a failure of function and sensation.


Brachial Plexus Injury Causes

Brachial plexus injury results when the brachial nerves are damaged by excessive stretching, pressure, or cutting. Stretching can occur when your shoulder is forced down while your neck stretches up and away from the injured shoulder such as during a motorcycle or a car accident. In case of a serious injury, the brachial nerve may rip off the spinal cord in the neck. This type of brachial plexus injury is classified as traumatic brachial plexus injuries. It may occur because of different reasons, including:

  • Contact sports: Contact sports players may experience burners or stingers, which can occur when the nerves in the brachial plexus get stretched above their limits during collisions with other players.
  • Trauma: Several types of trauma, including motorcycle and car accidents or bullet wounds, can result in a brachial plexus injury.
  • Inflammation: Inflammation may also cause damage to the brachial plexus. An uncommon condition known as Parsonage-Turner syndrome or brachial plexitis causes brachial plexus inflammation without any trauma.
  • Tumors: Noncancerous (benign) or cancerous tumors may damage the brachial plexus.
  • Childbirth: Injury during complication of childbirth.

Brachial plexopathy may also result from exposure to radiation at the time of stereotactic radiosurgery or specific procedures such as stereotactic breast biopsy.


Brachial Plexus Injury Symptoms

Symptoms of the brachial plexus injury depend on the seriousness of the injury. A minor injury can often occur during any contact sport and minor trauma when the brachial plexus nerves get stretched or compressed. Minor brachial plexus injury symptoms include the following:

  • Burning sensation and shocks shooting down your arm
  • Weakness and numbness in your arm

More serious brachial plexus injury symptoms result when nerves are torn or ruptured. Such injuries may produce the following symptoms:

  • Weakness or inability to use certain muscles of hand, arm or shoulder
  • Complete lack of movement and feelings (paralysis) in your arm, including your shoulder and hand
  • Severe pain

In case of childbirth brachial plexus injury, symptoms can be seen right after the birth of the child. These may include:

  • No movement in the upper or lower arm or hand of the baby
  • Arm flexed (bent) at the elbow and held against the body
  • Absence of Moro reflex on the affected side
  • Decreased grip on the affected side

How is Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures performed?

Some common types of surgical brachial plexus injury treatment include the following:

  • Nerve grafting: Surgically removing and replacing the damaged part of the brachial plexus with sections of nerves harvested from other parts of the body is called nerve grafting. 
  • Nerve transfer: This type of surgery is opted when the nerve root has been torn from the spinal cord. A surgeon often takes a less important nerve that is still attached to the spinal cord and connects it to the nerve that is ripped off from the spinal cord. Occasionally, a combination of nerve graft and nerve transfer is performed.
  • Muscle transfer: During this surgery, your surgeon removes a less important muscle or ligament from another part of your body and transfers it to your arm, and restores the nerves and blood vessels supplying that muscle.

Recovery from Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures

It is very hard to assess an exact recovery time after brachial plexus injury treatment due to the broad spectrum. How likely a spontaneous recovery depends on the type and severity of the injury.

In the case of surgery, nerve tissue grows very slowly, about an inch a month, so it can take a few years to assess the success of brachial plexus injury surgery. However, during the recovery period, patients are encouraged to keep their joints flexible by following an exercise schedule. The success rate of surgery is quite good but recovery time and success rate must be assessed on an individual basis.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the health care infrastructure of Hungary / Why should opt for Hungary as a destination for your medical treatment?
Hungary is well-known for the broad range of treatments implemented for treating one or diverse types of diseases. The healthcare facilities in Hungary focuses on overall care and thus, attends to both physiological and psychological care. To keep at par with the other developed countries in the world, Hungary focuses in upgrading and constantly keeps room for including modern amenities. Therefore, the candidates availing treatments in Hungary are treated thoroughly with modern techniques, assisted by skilled professionals which makes opting Hungary one of the most wise decisions.
What are the conditions of the hospitals in Hungary? Are they JCI certified. What is the quality of the support staff in the hospitals?
The hospital in Hungary are furnished with cutting edge technology and robotic machineries which are the newest addition to the medical field. From diagnosis to providing necessary treatment, the hospitals are ideally planned to provide all-round care to every individual requiring medical assistance. One of the most important aspect of availing treatments in Hungary is the candidate interaction of the support staffs. Not only the doctors, surgeons, but also the support individuals are extremely well- educated with the modern devices, and are capable of dealing with every kind of situation and thereby has great contribution to the high success rates.
Are the doctors/surgeons in Hungary of the best quality?
The doctors and surgeons are well- versed with the modern advancements and are duly trained to operate robotic technology gracing the medical science. They are also professionally trained to embrace future advancements which guarantees completely advanced mode of treatment to the visiting individuals. The treatment thus offered are world-class as specific care is taken to minimize side effects and further risks in fatal conditions.
What is the process for obtaining medical visa in Hungary?
To avail a medical visa before travelling to Hungary, the candidate must thoroughly go through the procedure mentioned on the government website of the country. The procedure should be stepwise followed and the mentioned/ required documents should be kept ready for producing, as and when required. The necessary requirements for the same are:
  • Two passport size photographs of the candidate
  • Valid passport (both original and photocopy) which should not have an expiry date within three months of scheduled visit.
  • Duly filled copy of visa application form
  • Paid receipt for the visa application fee
  • Medical insurance and travel insurance documents which guarantees financial credibility
  • Civil status proof of the candidate
  • Employment status, if any, or clear mentioning of the status of the candidate
  • Accommodation documents, may it be hotels, rental or staying with an acquaintance, should be clearly mentioned.
  • In case the candidate is a minor, consent letter from the guardians or parents need to be provided
  • Medical certificate duly signed by the registered medical practitioner as well as acceptance letter by the doctor referred to
  • Additional documents like birth certificate, residential proofs, etc., may also be required.
What support services does MediGence provide in Hungary?
The support services provided by MediGence ensures seamless medical travelling experience in Hungary. Right from the beginning of the journey to the end, MediGence assists the candidates and the family with utmost care thereby making the stay as comfortable as it can be. Hence, here is a list of services provided for candidate satisfaction:
  • Travel insurance guidance
  • Medical insurance query related support
  • Visa Assistance
  • Free Airport to Hospital Transfer
  • On-Ground Support
  • Teleconsultations
  • Accommodation Assistance
  • Rehabilitation and recovery services
Which are the best cities in Hungary for medical treatment?
Hungary is thriving and blooming with metropolitan cities which have excelled in terms of hospitals and clinics thereby providing excellent medical facilities. The treatments in Hungary are world-class and have scored high success rates, which is why, a huge number of medical tourists flock to the country to avail treatments for minor to major diseases and anomalies. Hence, here are some of the best cities that house some of the best hospitals in Hungary:
  • Budapest
  • Pecs
  • Szeged
  • Debrecen
  • Miskolc

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