Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures cost in South Africa

Brachial plexus or Plexus Brachialis is formed by the conjunction of somatic nerves involving the anterior or ventral roots (rami) of the four end cervical regions and the first thoracic portion vertebrae (C5, C6, C7, C, 8, and T1). The network of nerves travels from the spinal cord to the initial ribs and covers both the armpits via the cervicoaxillary canal (neck). Any injury to the conjunction may cause tremendous pain in the shoulder region, neck, and arms. 

What are brachial plexus injuries, and how is its treatment performed?

Brachial plexus injuries are mostly caused due to any traumatic or accidental damage resulting from sudden and excessive jerk to the shoulder which eventually strains the nerves. In severe cases, the nerves may also get torn apart which requires thorough medical attention and surgical treatments.

Besides being prescribed within killers, the treatments for minor injuries may range from physiotherapy to regular exercise. To reduce the pain and prevent the condition from worsening, one must refrain from heavy physical activities and outdoor sports. Besides, the surgical treatments required for the same are:

  • Muscle transfer
  • Nerve graft
  • Nerve transfer

The three procedures involve transferring of nerve or a patch of thin muscle from a different, healthy portion to the damaged brachial nerves in order to re-establish the connection in the position.

Ideal Candidate for stereotactic procedures 

Stereotactic procedures involve 3D coordinating procedures, in order to track down the area of damage and perform necessary functions. With a minimum invasion, the procedure allows performing biopsy, radiosurgery, ablation, etc. Ideal candidates for the same are candidates who:

  • Show signs of neurological trauma or damage, and may require surgery
  • Have tumors and require radiosurgery 
  • Require other invasive treatments 
  • Damage or disruption is undetected otherwise

Factors affecting the cost of Stereotactic Procedures

Brachial plexus injuries/stereotactic procedures cost may vary as per the requirement and usually begins from $7500. However, the deciding factors which may result in variation are:

  • Requirement or type of stereotactic procedure
  • The extent of the procedure required
  • Area affected
  • Type of healthcare benefit availed
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About the Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures

Brachial plexus injury is a medical emergency caused due to an injury to the brachial plexus group of nerves that sends signals from your spine to your shoulder, arm, and hand. These nerves control and administer feelings in the muscles of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hand, and arm. This damage is also known as brachial plexopathy. Brachial plexus injury appears when these nerves are compressed, stretched, or in the most serious case, ripped apart from the spinal cord. Some brachial plexus injuries known as stingers or burners are inconsequential and will completely recover in a few weeks. However, other brachial plexus injuries are severe enough and may cause some permanent impairment in the arm. In severe conditions, it can paralyze your arm, with a failure of function and sensation.


Brachial Plexus Injury Causes

Brachial plexus injury results when the brachial nerves are damaged by excessive stretching, pressure, or cutting. Stretching can occur when your shoulder is forced down while your neck stretches up and away from the injured shoulder such as during a motorcycle or a car accident. In case of a serious injury, the brachial nerve may rip off the spinal cord in the neck. This type of brachial plexus injury is classified as traumatic brachial plexus injuries. It may occur because of different reasons, including:

  • Contact sports: Contact sports players may experience burners or stingers, which can occur when the nerves in the brachial plexus get stretched above their limits during collisions with other players.
  • Trauma: Several types of trauma, including motorcycle and car accidents or bullet wounds, can result in a brachial plexus injury.
  • Inflammation: Inflammation may also cause damage to the brachial plexus. An uncommon condition known as Parsonage-Turner syndrome or brachial plexitis causes brachial plexus inflammation without any trauma.
  • Tumors: Noncancerous (benign) or cancerous tumors may damage the brachial plexus.
  • Childbirth: Injury during complication of childbirth.

Brachial plexopathy may also result from exposure to radiation at the time of stereotactic radiosurgery or specific procedures such as stereotactic breast biopsy.


Brachial Plexus Injury Symptoms

Symptoms of the brachial plexus injury depend on the seriousness of the injury. A minor injury can often occur during any contact sport and minor trauma when the brachial plexus nerves get stretched or compressed. Minor brachial plexus injury symptoms include the following:

  • Burning sensation and shocks shooting down your arm
  • Weakness and numbness in your arm

More serious brachial plexus injury symptoms result when nerves are torn or ruptured. Such injuries may produce the following symptoms:

  • Weakness or inability to use certain muscles of hand, arm or shoulder
  • Complete lack of movement and feelings (paralysis) in your arm, including your shoulder and hand
  • Severe pain

In case of childbirth brachial plexus injury, symptoms can be seen right after the birth of the child. These may include:

  • No movement in the upper or lower arm or hand of the baby
  • Arm flexed (bent) at the elbow and held against the body
  • Absence of Moro reflex on the affected side
  • Decreased grip on the affected side

How is Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures performed?

Some common types of surgical brachial plexus injury treatment include the following:

  • Nerve grafting: Surgically removing and replacing the damaged part of the brachial plexus with sections of nerves harvested from other parts of the body is called nerve grafting. 
  • Nerve transfer: This type of surgery is opted when the nerve root has been torn from the spinal cord. A surgeon often takes a less important nerve that is still attached to the spinal cord and connects it to the nerve that is ripped off from the spinal cord. Occasionally, a combination of nerve graft and nerve transfer is performed.
  • Muscle transfer: During this surgery, your surgeon removes a less important muscle or ligament from another part of your body and transfers it to your arm, and restores the nerves and blood vessels supplying that muscle.

Recovery from Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures

It is very hard to assess an exact recovery time after brachial plexus injury treatment due to the broad spectrum. How likely a spontaneous recovery depends on the type and severity of the injury.

In the case of surgery, nerve tissue grows very slowly, about an inch a month, so it can take a few years to assess the success of brachial plexus injury surgery. However, during the recovery period, patients are encouraged to keep their joints flexible by following an exercise schedule. The success rate of surgery is quite good but recovery time and success rate must be assessed on an individual basis.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the factors affecting the cost of Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures in South Africa?

Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures package cost in South Africa has different inclusions and exclusions. The Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures package cost usually includes all the expenses related to pre and post surgery expenses of the patient. The treatment cost usually includes the expenses related to hospitalization, surgery, nursing, medicines, and anesthesia. There are many things that may increase the cost of Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures in South Africa, including prolonged hospital stay and complications after the procedure.

Which are some of the best clinics in South Africa for Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedurest?

Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures in South Africa is offered by multiple hospitals across the country. For quick reference, the following are some of the leading hospitals for Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures in South Africa:

  1. Life Kingsbury Hospital
  2. Netcare Linksfield Hospital
  3. Ethekwini Hospital and Heart Centre
  4. Ahmed Kathrada Private Hospital
How many days does it take to recover post Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures in South Africa?

After discharge from the hospital, the patient has to stay for another 18 days in the country for complete recovery. This time frame is important to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient is fit to fly back.

Which are some of the other popular destinations for Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures?

One of the topmost destinations for Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures is South Africa. It has a variety of accredited hospital, affordable cost of treatment and some of the best medical fraternity. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures as well:

CountryCost
IndiaUSD 5500
ThailandUSD 18000
TurkeyUSD 7500
How much are the other expenses in South Africa apart from the cost of Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures?

Apart from the Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures cost, there are a few other daily charges that the patient may have to pay. These are the charges for daily meals and accommodation outside the hospital. These charges starts from USD 50 per person.

Which are the best cities in South Africa for Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures Procedure?

Some of the best cities in South Africa which offer Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures are:

  1. Lenasia
  2. Johannesburg
  3. Durban
  4. Cape Town
How many days does one have to spend in the hospital for Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures in South Africa?

The average duration of stay at the hospital after Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures is about 3 days for proper care and monitoring. During the recovery, the patient is carefully monitored and control tests are performed to see that everything is okay. If required, physiotherapy sessions are also planned during recovery in hospital.

What is the average rating of Hospitals in South Africa offering Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures?

The average rating for Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures hospitals in South Africa is 2.9. This rating is calculated on the basis of different parameters such as attitude of the nurses, cleanliness, quality of food and the pricing policy.

How many hospitals offer Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures in South Africa?

There are more than 4 hospitals that offer Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures in South Africa. These clinics have proper infrastructure for the treatment of patients who require kidney transplant. Apart from good services, the hospitals are known to follow all standard and legal guidelines as dictated by the local medical affairs body or organization.

Who are the best doctors for Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures in South Africa?

Some of the most sought after medical specialists for Brachial Plexus Injuries/Stereotactic Procedures in South Africa are:

  1. Dr. KD Jivan
  2. Dr. K Ranchod

FAQ's Related to South Africa

Which are the popular multispecialty hospital groups in South Africa?

South Africa has several top-quality hospitals, such as:

  1. Ahmed Al-Kadi Private Hospital
  2. Busamed Hillcrest Private Hospital
  3. Busamed Gateway Private Hospital
  4. Busamed Modderfontein Private Hospital
  5. Busamed Lowveld Hospital
  6. Lenmed Ethekwini Hospital and Heart Centre
  7. Busamed Paardevlei Private Hospital
  8. Life Bay View Private Hospital
  9. Lenmed Shifa Hospital

Most of these hospitals have effectively met the below quality parameters:

  1. Providing clear information about medicines to patients
  2. Effective engagement between nursing staff/doctors and patients;
  3. Suitability of the hospital environment for meeting the needs of patients
  4. Effectively managing pain.

South Africa is known to have strict government regulations for controlling the quality of care provided by the government and private hospitals. Supported by state-of-art infrastructure, advanced medical equipment, and highly qualified doctors, the hospitals offer various facilities to improve the patient experience.

What healthcare accreditation standards are followed in South Africa?

The hospitals in South Africa receive accreditation from Joint Commission International (JCI) and Council for Health Service Accreditation of Southern Africa (COHSASA). In order to ensure coordinated and integrated care is provided by healthcare facilities, COHSASA sets and assesses standards for all sectors and departments of a healthcare system. COHSASA, JCI, and SafeCare Foundation have come together to launch the SafeCare program to implement internationally recognized standards to improve health care delivery. Initially, a two-year accreditation is awarded to hospitals and clinics that adhere to standards and the period can be extended if the hospitals continue to deliver expected quality care.

Why should I opt for healthcare in South Africa?

Affordable healthcare and superior infrastructure are the main reasons for the popularity of South Africa in the medical tourism sector. Some other factors which contribute to the growth of medical tourism in South Africa are use of cutting-edge technology, new facilities provided by hospitals, doctors trained overseas, and a large number of accredited hospitals. In addition, South Africa’s liberal laws allow for the use of stem cells in medical practice, making it an invaluable destination for patients in need of advanced medical treatment. You get comprehensive treatment at world-class hospitals which assist you with all organization and administrative tasks and also provide you all-inclusive care and assistance on a 24/7 basis.

How is the quality of doctors in South Africa?

The highly skilled and well-qualified doctors in South Africa ensure world-class treatment through their deep expertise and subject knowledge. Having trained in foreign countries like Australia and Cuba, doctors in South Africa use their global exposure in developing deep expertise in various procedures. Using a holistic approach, doctors have received worldwide recognition for delivering excellent results in dental procedures and fertility treatments. South Africa has world-class doctors due to several reasons like their education at reputed colleges, adherence to global standards, patient-centric approach, and incorporation of the human touch in treatment.

How to obtain a medical visa in South Africa?

You can stay in South Africa for a period of 90 days under a medical visa. The extension of the stay period is decided by the High Commission.. People need to apply for a temporary residency permit in case they have to stay in the country for more than three months. The validity of a visa begins the same day it is issued by the High Commission in South Africa. A visa application is accepted until 30 days prior to the departure date. You need to produce the below documents to apply for a medical visa:

  1. Passport
  2. Passport-sized photographs
  3. Online Application form
  4. Full return flight reservation
  5. Proof of stay in South Africa
  6. Signed official medical letter from medical institution
  7. Signed medical letter from a recognized local practitioner
What are the popular procedures available in South Africa?

The most sought-after procedures in South Africa are total knee replacement, meniscus repairs, hip replacement, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Besides offering these popular procedures, South Africa also attracts many medical tourists for cosmetic surgery and infertility treatment. Egg donation program is very popular in the country and you have an option of having either a surgical or non-surgical procedure, with very low waiting times. The reasons for the popularity of these procedures are affordable treatment cost, speedy recovery, use of advanced technology, and highly trained doctors.

Which are the most popular cities in South Africa for medical treatment?

Some popular cities of South Africa that attract a huge number of medical tourists every year are Cape Town, Johannesburg, Pretoria, and Durban. Cape Town is a world-class tourism attraction and is home to a variety of people from different cultures, as well as some of the top-class doctors and state-of-the-art medical facilities in the world The reasons for the popularity of these cities are multiple food options, connectivity through airlines, and cheap accommodation. Johannesburg’s public and private healthcare industry coordinates with South Africa's medical schools to create internationally recognized medical specialists and the quality of medical care is on par with Great Britain.

Is it mandatory to take vaccinations before going to South Africa?

Yes, some vaccines are highly recommended or required for South Africa. WHO and the National Travel Health Network and Centre recommend the following vaccinations: hepatitis A, yellow fever, rabies and tetanus, hepatitis B, typhoid, cholera. Infants 6 to 11 months old travelling to the country should get 1 dose of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine before travel. Typhoid vaccine is recommended for most travellers, especially those staying with friends or relatives or visiting smaller cities or rural areas. You can connect with your doctor or the hospital in South Africa for the required vaccines. Also, refer to the travel advisory issued by the government.