Craniotomy cost in Thailand

A craniotomy is a major brain surgery in which a bone flap from the skull is temporarily removed to have an access to the brain. This procedure is mainly performed in patients who suffer from traumatic brain injuries or brain lesions. It is a highly critical procedure and a patient may take months to recover from it. This surgery is also conducted prior to the placement of deep brain stimulators, which is often recommended to patients suffering from epilepsy and Parkinson’s disease. This procedure has a wide range of other applications as well such as brain imaging and electrical stimulation.

Craniotomy in Thailand

A craniotomy is a highly sensitive procedure that is performed in some of the top neurosurgery hospitals in Thailand. Because of the sensitivity of the procedure and the risks involved, this surgery should only be conducted by highly experienced and skilled surgeons. The top neurosurgeons in Thailand are educated from some of the most prestigious medical universities in the world. They hold several years of experience in conducting all types of brain surgeries and have so far treated thousands of patients from around the world.

Cost Comparison

Craniotomy cost in Thailand depends on the purpose of the surgery. For example, a craniotomy may be conducted to implant an electrical stimulator or to remove lesions or tumors from the brain. The surgery price for each purpose differs. Some of the additional factors that control the price include the rate of recovery, the duration of hospital stay, the cost of medications or implants (if used), and the surgeon’s fees.

Treatment and Cost

28

Total Days
In Country

2 No. Travelers

5 Day in Hospital

23 Days Outside Hospital

Treatment cost starts from

USD 30000

Hospitals

About the Craniotomy

Craniotomy surgery is one of the most common types of brain surgery conducted to treat a brain tumor. It mainly aims at removing a lesion, tumor, or a blood clot in the brain by opening a flap above the brain to access the targeted area. This flap is removed on a temporary basis and again put in place when the surgery is done. Around 90 percent of the cases of brain tumors are diagnosed in adults aged between 55 and 65. Among children, a brain tumor is diagnosed within an age range of 3 to 12 years.

Craniotomy procedures are conducted with the help of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans to reach the location precisely in the brain that requires treatment. A three-dimensional image for the same is achieved of the brain in conjunction with localizing frames and computers to view a tumor properly. A clear distinction is made between abnormal or tumor tissue and normal healthy tissue and to access the exact location of the abnormal tissue.

Who requires a craniotomy?

In a minimally invasive craniotomy procedure, a burr hole or a keyhole may be created to access the brain to fulfill the following purposes:

  • To drain out cerebrospinal fluid in case of hydrocephalus by inserting a shunt into the ventricles
  • To treat Parkinson’s disease by inserting a deep brain stimulator (DBS)
  • To insert an intracranial pressure monitor
  • To conduct needle biopsy, where a small sample of abnormal tissue is removed for study
  • For stereotactic hematoma aspiration, in which a blood clot is drained out
  • For insertion of an endoscope to clip aneurysms and for the removal of small tumors

When there are complex craniotomies involved, the procedure may be referred to as a skull base surgery.  In this kind of surgery, a small portion of the skull is removed from the bottom of the brain. This is the region where delicate arteries, veins, and cranial nerves exit the skull. Complicated planning is done to plan such craniotomies and understand the location of the lesions. This type of approach is usually employed for:

  • The removal or treatment of large brain tumors and aneurysm in the brain
  • Treatment after a skull fracture or major injury like a gunshot
  • The removal of a malignant tumor affecting the bony skull

Primary brain tumors are much less common than secondary brain tumors. Primary ones are found to originate very close to the brain itself or in the tissues very close to it, such as the covering membranes of the brain, including the meninges, cranial nerves, pineal, or pituitary gland. It begins with normal cells, which at a later period undergoes some mutational errors in their DNA. The mutation triggers cells to grow and divide at a very high rate while healthy cells keep dying around it. This results in a mass of abnormal cells which gives rise to a tumor. Unlike primary tumors, the secondary tumors begin as cancer elsewhere and spread to the brain.

Symptoms of brain tumor

  • Different patterns of a headache
  • Headaches get more frequent and acutely painful
  • Nausea
  • Blurred vision, double vision, or loss of peripheral vision
  • Loss of sensation in the arm or any leg gradually
  • Balance difficulty
  • Speech problems with confusion in simple matters
  • Hearing problems
  • Personality change
  • Sudden seizures and attacks or bouts of pain

Types of Craniotomy

No matter what the goal of the surgery is, it is best to ensure that the incision is made to address the intracranial lesion keeping some principles in mind. A wide variety of intracranial processes can be done via a craniotomy with a different variety of incisions. Some of these variations include frontal craniotomy, pterional craniotomy, temporal craniotomy, decompression craniectomy, and suboccipital craniotomy.

How is Craniotomy performed?

  • An intravenous line is first placed in the arm and general anaesthesia is employed while the patient lies on the operating table.
  • When the patient is no more awake, the head is placed in a 3-pin skull fixing the device. This is attached to a table and keeps the head in a fixed position all throughout the procedure.
  • An insertion of a lumbar drain is made in the lower back to drain out the cerebrospinal fluid. A relaxation drug for the brain named mannitol can be administered at this stage.
  • With an antiseptic, the skull is prepared and an incision is made usually behind the hairline. A good cosmetic result is achieved after the surgery and a hair sparing technique, which requires shaving only one-fourth inch-wide area along the incision proposed is aimed. At times, the total area of the incision may be shaved.
  • The skin and muscles are then removed from the bone and folded back, burr holes are made in the skull using a drill.
  • A saw is introduced through the holes made and cuts the bone flap’s outline. The protective covering of the brain named dura is exposed after the craniotome (the saw) removes the bone flap. This bone flap is kept aside securely to be attached back again after the surgery.
  • Once the dura is opened with surgical scissors, the surgeon folds it back to access the brain. There are retractors placed on the brain to have a corridor opened gently in the brain to address the region requiring removal or repair. 
  • Loupes are used by neurosurgeons, which are special magnifying glasses or an operating microscope to get a view of the delicate nerves and vessels.
  • The brain is very tightly enclosed within the skull and hence, removal of tissues cannot be done easily to repair problems.
  • Therefore, a variety of tools and instruments are employed to work in the deep circuits of the brain like drills, lasers, ultrasonic aspirators (used to break tumours and have the pieces suctioned), dissectors, long handled scissors, and of course computer-aided guidance.
  • Evoked potential monitoring may also be employed to stimulate the specific cranial nerves and the responses generated are monitored. This step ensures that the nerves are functioning properly and not getting damaged as a result of the surgery.
  • After the problem is rectified, the retractors are released and dura is closed along with sutures and the bone flap is placed in its original position and secured with titanium screws and plates. These screws and plates remain permanently in place to support the region and can be felt under the skin.
  • A drain can also be kept as is for some time. It helps collect blood and fluids from the area that is subjected to the surgery. T
  • he skin and muscles are sutured together and a soft turban-like adhesive is placed as dressing over the incision.

Recovery from Craniotomy

  • The patient is shifted to a recovery room where vital signs are monitored after he or she is in complete senses and the effect of the anaesthesia completely wears off.
  • Drowsiness, nausea, and headache are common in craniotomy recovery surgery. Hands, fingers, and toes must be moved frequently to avoid the formation of blood clots.
  • Anticonvulsant medications may be provided and a nurse may keep asking simple questions to figure out alertness.
  • Hospital stay varies from two to three days or even two weeks, depending on the complications that may result.
  • After discharge, keep away from strenuous activities. Some exercises may be prescribed for the slow movement of head and neck.
  • You should notify your doctor about any increase in temperature or infection observed at the sites of the incision. Bathing instructions should be strictly followed.
  • It almost takes around two to eight weeks for complete recovery. Keep visiting your doctor for follow-up checkup or as instructed. Contact your doctor immediately in case of loss of mental function, stroke, seizure, or nerve damage.

Patient Stories

Frequently Asked Questions

How much does Craniotomy cost in Thailand?

The average cost of Craniotomy in Thailand starts from USD 30000 While there are wide range of hospitals offering Craniotomy, international patients should always seek Healthcare Accreditation Institute, JCI-Certified Hospitals in Thailand for the best results.

What are the factors affecting the cost of Craniotomy in Thailand?

Different hospitals have different pricing policy when it comes to the cost of Craniotomy in Thailand. The top hospitals for Craniotomy in Thailand covers all the expenses related to the pre-surgery investigations of the candidate. The Craniotomy procedure in Thailand includes the fees of the surgeon, hospitalization and anesthesia as well. Post-surgical complications, new findings and delayed recovery may have an impact on the total Craniotomy cost in Thailand.

Which are some of the best clinics in Thailand for Craniotomyt?

There are many hospitals across the country that offer Craniotomy to international patients. The top hospitals for Craniotomy in Thailand include the following:

  1. Bangpakok 9 International Hospital (BPK 9)
  2. Bangkok Dusit Medical Services
  3. Vejthani Hospital
  4. Phyathai 2 International Hospital
How many days does it take to recover post Craniotomy in Thailand?

Upon discharge from the hospital after Craniotomy in Thailand, the patients are advised to stay for about 28 days for recovery. This is important to ensure that the surgery was successful. During this time, control and follow-up tests take place to check for medical fitness.

Which are some of the other popular destinations for Craniotomy?

Thailand is one of the most popular countries for Craniotomy in the world. The country offers the best cost of Craniotomy, best doctors, and advanced hospital infrastructure. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Craniotomy as well:

CountryCost
IndiaUSD 4600
IsraelUSD 32000
MalaysiaUSD 20000
SpainUSD 31000
ThailandUSD 30000
TunisiaUSD 13000
TurkeyUSD 9000
How much are the other expenses in Thailand apart from the cost of Craniotomy?

There are certain expenses additional to the Craniotomy cost that the patient may have to pay for. These are the chanrges for daily meals and hotel stay outside the hospital. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.

Which are the best cities in Thailand for Craniotomy Procedure?

Craniotomy in Thailand is offered in almost all metropolitan cities, including the following:

  1. Krabi
  2. Bangkok
Which are the best doctors offering Telemedicine for Craniotomy in Thailand?

Patients can also avail to attend a video teleconsultation with the Craniotomy surgeon in Thailand. the following are some of the top doctors offering Craniotomy in Thailand:

DoctorCostSchedule Your Appointment
Dr. Pratarn NantaareeUSD 81Schedule Now
How many days does one have to spend in the hospital for Craniotomy in Thailand?

The average duration of stay at the hospital after Craniotomy is about 5 days for proper care and monitoring. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.

How many hospitals offer Craniotomy in Thailand?

There are more than 4 hospitals that offer Craniotomy in Thailand. These hospitals have proper infrastructure for the treatment of patients who require kidney transplant. Apart from good services, the hospitals are known to follow all standard and legal guidelines as dictated by the local medical affairs body or organization.

Who are the best doctors for Craniotomy in Thailand?

FAQ's Related to Thailand

What healthcare accreditation standards are followed in Thailand?

The strength of Thai healthcare organisations is that they are wealthy in terms of human resources, financial resources and technological resources. The private healthcare and public healthcare work in tandem to create the strong healthcare infrastructure in Thailand. The quality of healthcare and its standards are maintained by the Institute of Hospital Quality Improvement and Accreditation (HQIA) as it gives Thai HA Accreditation to healthcare organisations in Thailand. The quest to get Thai HA accreditation by healthcare organisations leads to a susbstantial improvement in the service delivery levels.

Which are the popular multispecialty hospital groups in Thailand?

The clinical care and hospitality in Thailand hospitals is of very high standards. When you come to Thailand and find that there are so many different multispecialty hospitals, this gives you the chance to make the best choice from tho ones available. The globally recognised specialists provide the best treatment to patients and this makes them reliable. We bring to you some names of the multispecialty hospital groups such as:

  1. Bangkok Dusit Medical Services (BDMS),
  2. Bumrungrad International Hospital, Bangkok,
  3. Vejthani Hospital, Bangkok,
  4. BNH Hospital, Bangkok,
  5. Yanhee Hospital, Bangkok,
  6. Sikarin International Hospital, Bangkok,
  7. Princ Hospital Suvarnabhumi, Bangkok,
  8. Samitivej Sukhumvit Hospital, Bangkok,
  9. Bangkok International Hospital, Bangkok,
  10. The Bangkok Christian Hospital, Bangkok,
  11. Phyathai Hospitals, Bangkok,
  12. Saint Louis Hospital, Bangkok and,
  13. Central General Hospital, Bangkok.
Why should I opt for healthcare in Thailand?

Thailand is a leading healthcare destination in southeast Asia which has been chosen by several medical travellers over the years. The International patient services in Thai hospitals make the treatment experience seamless for every medical traveller. All facilities such as embassy and airport transfer assistance, international insurance coordination, interpreters and medical coordinators and concierge services can be found at one place in Thai hospitals. Thai healthcare systems are known to give the entire specturm of treatment options, be it aesthetic procedures or tertiary care processes.

What is the quality of doctors in Thailand?

It is no wonder that people from all around the world seek out doctors from Thailand. Thai doctors are experienced and skilled in what they do. Whether it is providing quality care or investing in innovative techniques doctors in Thailand are doing it all. Experience in treating international patients has meant that Thai doctors are sought after from the world over.

When traveling to Thailand for medical treatment, what essential documents do I need to carry along?

The decision to come to Thailand should be done in tandem with getting the documents ready. Travel documents, medical documents and ready finances are needed for your Thailand visit The documents needed for your medical treatment in Thailand are as follows.:

  1. Passport,
  2. Tourist Visa Category MT,
  3. To and Fro flight tickets,
  4. Recent bank statement
  5. Letter from the hospital indicating duration and purpose of treatment and,
  6. Medical reports.
What are the popular procedures available in Thailand?

Thailand is a medical tourism hub for various reasons. It not only has tourist attractions but provides medical treatment at affordable costs. There are many popular procedures available in Thailand. Following is the list of some of the most popular procedures in Thailand:

  1. Eyelid surgery procedures,
  2. Rhinoplasty,
  3. Breast augmentation,
  4. Laser treatment,
  5. Dental treatments,
  6. Spine and orthopaedic treatments,
  7. Cardiac treatments,
  8. Infertility treatments,
  9. Bariatric surgery,
  10. Ophthalmology and eye surgery.
Is it mandatory to take vaccinations before going to Thailand?

It is important that you get your immunisations and vaccinations before you travel internationally. Do get yourself the necessary protections before you land in Thailand as well. Let us look at the vaccinations recommended by CDC and WHO that you need to get. Yellow Fever, Japanese Encephalitis, Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR), TDAP (Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis), Chickenpox, Shingles, Pneumonia, Influenza, Rabies, Meningitis, Polio, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Typhoid and Cholera.

What are the other facilities provided by hospitals in Thailand?

The hospitals in Thailand are equipped with the latest technologies and these are applied with precision to treat patients. There is a center for international patients in the hospitals in Thailand which caters to all the travel, transfer and accomodation needs of patients and their co travellers. Emergency services and integrated medical suppport services are available at Thailand hospitals. There are a variety of medical facilities available in Thailand hospitals such as radiology services, operating theaters, Intensive care units, cardiac care units, diagnostic laboratory and pharmacies.

What are the major medical tourism destinations in Thailand?

The combination of its excellent existing healthcare infrastructure and the various tourist attractions make Thailand a viable medical tourism destination. The treatment costs in many countries are much higher than the overall cost of treatment and holiday in Thailand. Healthcare facilities in addition to a strong cultural identity , natural beauty and rich history ensure Thailand has a strong medical tourism potential. We can safely say that Phuket and Bangkok are the most attractive medical tourism destinations in Thailand.