People from all age groups can get affected by ear disorders and hearing impairment problems. In the United States, a survey revealed that under the age of 65, over 60 per cent of the population suffers from problems related to hearing loss. However, almost 25 per cent of people aged above 65 experience a significant loss of hearing. Thankfully, different types of ENT surgeries are available to treat problems related to the ear.
Most often, people are diagnosed with problems related to the eardrum, or tympanum, and the infection in the cells of the mastoid bone. The tympanum is the thin membranous structure present between the outer and the middle ear. It vibrates when sound waves hit on it and this enables us to hear.
A repair surgery called tympanoplasty is required to treat a perforation or hole in the eardrum. The middle ear is sterile but due to rupture of the eardrum, an infection can also occur. It may also be required for repairing of tiny bones present behind the eardrum or ossicles in the mastoid bone. This repair is known as mastoidectomy.
Tympanoplasty and mastoidectomy are therefore conducted together in many cases. This procedure is known as tympano-mastoidectomy.
There are several reasons that may cause loss of hearing, including the following:
An ear infection that has grown very severe and left untreated for long
The injury suffered by the ear
Ear subjected to excessive levels of noise
Hearing loss as a result of age
Some of the common symptoms of a puncture in eardrum include the following:
Sharp pain in the ear that disappears abruptly
Excessive pressure, which will suddenly disappear with the rupture and pus formation in the ear
Loss of hearing
Type 1 tympanoplasty or myringoplasty is the surgery that ensures restoration of the eardrum that got perforated with drafting
Type II tympanoplasty addresses membrane perforations with erosion in the bone malleus. Grafting is done on the incus bone or in the remains of the malleus.
Type III tympanoplasty is meant for destruction of two ossicles and intact and mobile stapes bone. A graft is placed on the stapes and it provides protection for the total assembly.
Type IV tympanoplasty is useful for cases of ossicular destruction, which has all or part of the arch of stapes included. A graft is placed around the mobile stapes footplate
Type V tympanoplasty is useful when the footplate of the stapes bone is fixed.
For treating Cholesteatoma, tympanoplasty can be combined with stapedectomy and mastoidectomy and in many cases, a second operation is required to ensure the infection is totally eradicated.
The tympanoplasty surgery is performed with intravenous sedation and local anaesthesia. An incision is made into the ear canal section and from the bony ear canal, the remaining eardrum is elevated and lifted forward. Under the operating microscope, the ear structures can be seen clearly. An incision behind the ear is made if the hole is very large or far forward. It ensures that the entire outer ear is forwarded, giving better access to the perforation.
The perforated remnant part is rotated forward after the hole is exposed and now the ossicles are inspected. Scar tissue and bands can surround the bones and they are removed with a laser or micro hooks. Now the ossicular chain is pressed to check its mobility and functionality. If it is found to be mobile, then the rest of the surgery aims at repairing the defect of the drum.
From the tragus, which is the cartilaginous lobe of skin in front of the ear, or from the back of the ear,
If the bones in the ear suffer from erosion, then ossicular reconstruction is advised. At times it can be determined before surgery but in other cases, erosion is visible only when the ear is completely opened under the microscope. The reconstruction can happen at the time of the eardrum construction. Bone erosion can happen at the tip of the incus or anvil. A discontinuity between stapes and the incus has to be resolved.
A small piece of bone or cartilage can be inserted from some other part of the body of the patient if the gap between the two cones mentioned above is small. But if the gap is large, then the anvil bone is removed and remodelled to give a shape of a tooth with the help of the operating microscope. After reshaping the prosthesis, it is placed between the malleus and the stapes and ossicular chain continuity is then re-established.
In some other ossicular construction, the malleus can get fixated by bony ingrowth or scar tissue to the ear’s lateral wall. The plastic-type or
Usually, a patient is discharged within two to three hours of the surgery. Along with a mild pain reliever, some antibiotics are also administered. After 10 days, the patient is again expected to visit so that packing can be removed and graft success can be checked.
Patients are advised to keep water away from the surgical site and avoid blowing of the nose. If the patient is suffering from cold and allergies, then decongestants are prescribed. Within 5 to 6 days, the patients can resume a normal life. After 3 weeks of the surgery, the packing is removed under the operating microscope and at this point, the grafting success can be completely determined.
Care must be taken by the patient to soak the ear canal with antibiotics to keep infection at bay. Shearing forces of excessive tension should not be felt by the graft. The surgeon will advise the patient to avoid activities that alter the tympanic pressure, including using a straw to drink or blowing of the nose. Finally, a hearing test is performed after 4 to 6 weeks of the surgery.
Tympanoplasty cost in Lithuania varies from one hospital to the other. Some of the best hospitals for Tympanoplasty offer a comprehensive package that covers the end-to-end expenses related to investigations and treatment of the patient. The treatment cost usually includes the expenses related to hospitalization, surgery, nursing, medicines, and anesthesia. Extended hospital stay, complications after the surgery or new diagnosis may affect the overall cost of Tympanoplasty in Lithuania.
While the speed of recovery may vary from patient to patient, they are still required to stay for about 10 days after discharge. This duration of stay is recommended to complete all the necessary follow-ups and control tests to ensure that the surgery was successful.
Lithuania is undoubtedly one of the best countries for Tympanoplasty in the world. It offers the best medical expertise and good patient experience at an affordable cost. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Tympanoplasty as well:
|United Arab Emirates||USD 5500|
|United Kingdom||USD 4000|
Apart from the Tympanoplasty cost, the patient may have to pay for additional daily expenses such as for guest house after discharge and meals. The per day extra expenses in Lithuania per person are about USD 50 per person.
Some of the cpopular cities in Lithuania that offer Tympanoplasty include the following:
After Tympanoplasty, the patient is supposed to stay for about 2 days in the hospital for recovery and monitoring. This phase is important to ensure that the patient is recovering well and is clinically stable. During this time, several tests are performed before the patient is deemed suitable for discharge.
There are more than 2 hospitals that offer Tympanoplasty in Lithuania. These clinics have proper infrastructure for the treatment of patients who require kidney transplant. These hospitals comply with all the rules and regulations as dictated by the regulatory bodies and medical association in Lithuania
An international organisation which is respected all over the world as an accrediting body, Joint Commission International has accredited several hospitals in Lithuania as well. JCI accreditation is had by healthcare providers in Lithuania who are providing the best in healthcare to their patients and are working towards a complete experience for any patient. The quality and safety standards of JCI are not so easy to meet and only those that do in Lithuania have received the accreditation from the organisation. Hospitals, clinics and academic medical centers aspire to get Joint Commission International accreditation for their good quality of services.
We bring to you some good multispecialty hospitals in Lithuania: .
It speaks to the overall development of the multidisciplinary hospitals in Lithuania that it has a wide scope in terms of the kinds of procedures that can be performed here. The multidisciplinary hospitals in Lithuania have a rich team of healthcare experts that are always ready to resolve all your healthcare concerns. The medical treatment provided to patients who are visiting the multidisciplinary hospitals in Lithuania is through advanced technologies and at really competitive costs.
You must choose to get your healthcare in Lithuania because as an overseas patient you will have better access to quality healthcare than anywhere else. The healthcare providers in Lithuania are dedicated towards good healthcare for everyone as their brand of healthcare is better defined by the qualities of efficiency and safety. A patient centric approach which translates to the best of healthcare solutions dominates the healthcare ecosystem in Lithuania. If you are looking to get good tertiary care based on good medical research, then Lithuania is the right destination to get healthcare from.
The doctors in Lithuania are completely focused on perfecting the success rates of the procedures and lowering the complications. As up and coming specialists in their area of expertise, the medical practitioners in Lithuania have a good base in the form education and experience. The doctors in Lithuania are proficient in not just their work but also in people skills due to their immense experience in treating international patients." The patients that are being treated by the doctors in Lithuania are working with the advantage of great application of technologies to get good health.
When going to Lithuania for your medical treatment, the documents that you need to carry are as follow:
Your travel documents need to be well prepared and categorised which will lead to a seamless travel and transfer process because of the seamlessly functioning government machinery and professional private players in Lithuania. The important documents that you must carry with you to Lithuania are for the accommodation, medical treatment and your travel. Please ensure that you have created a checklist with which you are tallying all the documents required for your travel to Lithuania.
Please find here some of the many popular procedures being performed in Lithuania:
Vitrectomy is one of the many Eye procedures that are a draw for the medical tourists in LithuaniaMedical travellers to Lithuania are coming to the country for many popular procedures one of which is the Opthalmological procedures like Vitrectomy. Medical travelers are coming to Lithuania as it has advanced Orthopaedic capabilities and several procedures like Knee and Hip Replacement are being performed here beautifully. The hospitals in Lithuania are enabling procedures such as sclerotherapy very well for treatment of varicose veins, spider veins or related symptoms.
Kindly check the CDC or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and WHO or World Health Organisation vaccinations list and get vaccinated before heading to Lithuania. Kindly get vaccinated with the recommended vaccinations before going to Lithuania for your medical travel:
Your medical travel to Lithuania should be preceded by taking the right recommended vaccinations which should be decided after considering your age and medical conditions. We bring to you the vaccinations that you must take before your medical travel to Lithuania.
Klaipeda, Kaunas and Vilnius are three major medical tourism destinations in Lithuania. Lithuania is considered one among the top ten medical tourism destinations in the world as it brings in the best in health service quality at low prices. The well qualified and hospitable healthcare and tourism personnel in Lithuania are adding to the weight age of Lithuania as a medical tourism destination. The value of Lithuania as a medical tourism destination is increased manifold by the several great medical spas and rehabilitation facilities available in the country.
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