People from all age groups can get affected by ear disorders and hearing impairment problems. In the United States, a survey revealed that under the age of 65, over 60 per cent of the population suffers from problems related to hearing loss. However, almost 25 per cent of people aged above 65 experience a significant loss of hearing. Thankfully, different types of ENT surgeries are available to treat problems related to the ear.
Most often, people are diagnosed with problems related to the eardrum, or tympanum, and the infection in the cells of the mastoid bone. The tympanum is the thin membranous structure present between the outer and the middle ear. It vibrates when sound waves hit on it and this enables us to hear.
A repair surgery called tympanoplasty is required to treat a perforation or hole in the eardrum. The middle ear is sterile but due to rupture of the eardrum, an infection can also occur. It may also be required for repairing of tiny bones present behind the eardrum or ossicles in the mastoid bone. This repair is known as mastoidectomy.
Tympanoplasty and mastoidectomy are therefore conducted together in many cases. This procedure is known as tympano-mastoidectomy.
There are several reasons that may cause loss of hearing, including the following:
An ear infection that has grown very severe and left untreated for long
The injury suffered by the ear
Ear subjected to excessive levels of noise
Hearing loss as a result of age
Some of the common symptoms of a puncture in eardrum include the following:
Sharp pain in the ear that disappears abruptly
Excessive pressure, which will suddenly disappear with the rupture and pus formation in the ear
Loss of hearing
Type 1 tympanoplasty or myringoplasty is the surgery that ensures restoration of the eardrum that got perforated with drafting
Type II tympanoplasty addresses membrane perforations with erosion in the bone malleus. Grafting is done on the incus bone or in the remains of the malleus.
Type III tympanoplasty is meant for destruction of two ossicles and intact and mobile stapes bone. A graft is placed on the stapes and it provides protection for the total assembly.
Type IV tympanoplasty is useful for cases of ossicular destruction, which has all or part of the arch of stapes included. A graft is placed around the mobile stapes footplate
Type V tympanoplasty is useful when the footplate of the stapes bone is fixed.
For treating Cholesteatoma, tympanoplasty can be combined with stapedectomy and mastoidectomy and in many cases, a second operation is required to ensure the infection is totally eradicated.
The tympanoplasty surgery is performed with intravenous sedation and local anaesthesia. An incision is made into the ear canal section and from the bony ear canal, the remaining eardrum is elevated and lifted forward. Under the operating microscope, the ear structures can be seen clearly. An incision behind the ear is made if the hole is very large or far forward. It ensures that the entire outer ear is forwarded, giving better access to the perforation.
The perforated remnant part is rotated forward after the hole is exposed and now the ossicles are inspected. Scar tissue and bands can surround the bones and they are removed with a laser or micro hooks. Now the ossicular chain is pressed to check its mobility and functionality. If it is found to be mobile, then the rest of the surgery aims at repairing the defect of the drum.
From the tragus, which is the cartilaginous lobe of skin in front of the ear, or from the back of the ear,
If the bones in the ear suffer from erosion, then ossicular reconstruction is advised. At times it can be determined before surgery but in other cases, erosion is visible only when the ear is completely opened under the microscope. The reconstruction can happen at the time of the eardrum construction. Bone erosion can happen at the tip of the incus or anvil. A discontinuity between stapes and the incus has to be resolved.
A small piece of bone or cartilage can be inserted from some other part of the body of the patient if the gap between the two cones mentioned above is small. But if the gap is large, then the anvil bone is removed and remodelled to give a shape of a tooth with the help of the operating microscope. After reshaping the prosthesis, it is placed between the malleus and the stapes and ossicular chain continuity is then re-established.
In some other ossicular construction, the malleus can get fixated by bony ingrowth or scar tissue to the ear’s lateral wall. The plastic-type or
Usually, a patient is discharged within two to three hours of the surgery. Along with a mild pain reliever, some antibiotics are also administered. After 10 days, the patient is again expected to visit so that packing can be removed and graft success can be checked.
Patients are advised to keep water away from the surgical site and avoid blowing of the nose. If the patient is suffering from cold and allergies, then decongestants are prescribed. Within 5 to 6 days, the patients can resume a normal life. After 3 weeks of the surgery, the packing is removed under the operating microscope and at this point, the grafting success can be completely determined.
Care must be taken by the patient to soak the ear canal with antibiotics to keep infection at bay. Shearing forces of excessive tension should not be felt by the graft. The surgeon will advise the patient to avoid activities that alter the tympanic pressure, including using a straw to drink or blowing of the nose. Finally, a hearing test is performed after 4 to 6 weeks of the surgery.
The cost of Tympanoplasty procedure starts from USD 2500 in Greece. In Greece, Tympanoplasty is conducted across many multispecialty hospitals.
The cost of Tympanoplasty in Greece may differ from one medical facility to the other. The cost quoted by some of the best hospitals for Tympanoplasty in Greece generally covers the pre-surgery investigations of the patient. The treatment cost usually includes the expenses related to hospitalization, surgery, nursing, medicines, and anesthesia. Extended hospital stay, complications after the surgery or new diagnosis may affect the overall cost of Tympanoplasty in Greece.
The recovery of the patient many vary, depending on several factors. However, on an average, patient is supposed to stay for about 10 days in the country after discharge. This duration of stay is recommended to complete all the necessary follow-ups and control tests to ensure that the surgery was successful.
Greece is one of the most popular countries for Tympanoplasty in the world. The country offers the best cost of Tympanoplasty, best doctors, and advanced hospital infrastructure. Some of the other popular destinations for Tympanoplasty include the following:
|United Arab Emirates||USD 5500|
|United Kingdom||USD 4000|
Apart from the Tympanoplasty cost, there are a few other daily charges that the patient may have to pay. These are the charges for daily meals and accommodation outside the hospital. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
There are many cities that offer Tympanoplasty in Greece, including the following:
After the Tympanoplasty takes place, the average duration of stay at the hospital is about 2 days. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
There are more than 2 hospitals that offer Tympanoplasty in Greece. The above mentioned clinics have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. These hospitals comply with all the rules and regulations as dictated by the regulatory bodies and medical association in Greece
Greece is flocked with some of the finest hospitals in the world, such as:
The country has state-of-the-art medical care centers and hospitals which fully adhere to international health standards and are equipped with internationally accredited physicians. Greece has several contemporary hospital units that are located in the popular destinations including Corfu, Peloponnese, Crete, Thessaloniki, Alexandroupolis, Kalamata, and Athens. The hospitals in these regions contribute to the development of medical tourism in the country.
Medical facilities in Greece receive accreditation from Joint Commission International (JCI). The healthcare standards are developed after consultation with global healthcare experts and providers, and patients. In order to get accreditation, the hospitals need to meet all the criteria set by JCI. And the accredited hospitals and clinics have to follow international standards. The healthcare standards offer a strong comprehensive corrective action plan for ensuring quality culture at all levels and across all functions.
With world-class doctors and hospitals, Greece is one of the most preferred medical tourist destinations in the world which offers affordable and quality treatment. The country is very popular throughout Europe and the United States for its world-class medical services. The country’s medical facilities comply with the international healthcare standards to ensure the quality of treatment. Beautiful landscape, unique Mediterranean food, and therapeutic natural springs are some of the reasons why Greece is one of the most preferred medical tourist destinations in the world. Other factors that have improved Greece’s presence in the wellness tourism market are excellent private healthcare services, availability of world-renowned as well as highly trained medical professionals, and technologically-driven medical care.
Greece boasts of world-class doctors having global exposure in handling various complex cases with great ease. Most of them are specialists, rather than general practitioners. Around 95 percent of doctors in Greece are specialists and are not restricted to only general medicine. Also, the majority of the doctors have received training in different countries and capable of handling even the most complex cases with quite an ease. Producing one of the finest doctors in the world, Greece has stringent government regulations for doctors in order to ensure best practices. Also, every doctor must at least 80 hours of training every five years. Doctors in Greece have grabbed global attention because of several things like their unique surgical approach to complex penile urethra stenosis, doing free-of-charge cardiothoracic surgery, and performing the first live-streamed global interactive rhinology and endoscopic skull base surgery.
Two types of visas can be availed by a candidate for traveling to Greece for treatment:
A person holding a Schengen Visa can stay in Greece for a period of 90 days within a period of six months. The essential documents required for applying for a medical visa are:
Depending on the interview and the documents submitted, the Greece embassy decides whether a person can be granted a medical visa or not.
Greece has received worldwide recognition for reporting high success rates in the following procedures:
Also, Greece attracts a large number of people seeking renal dialysis. Many state-of-art dialysis centers are present all across the country. Around 300,000 cosmetic procedures are performed annually in Greece. The reasons for the popularity of plastic surgery in the country are the use of modern technology, highly trained plastic surgeons, and the latest innovations. A popular destination for fertility treatment, Greece has around 50 IVF clinics with all facilities. People from different parts of the world travel to Greece for egg and embryo donation.
The cities in Greece which have received worldwide recognition for medical tourism are: 1. Athens 2. Kalamata 3. Peloponnese 4. Alexandropoulos 5. Thessaloniki 6. Corfu 7. Athens
Athens is known for high-standard medical services in various specialty areas, such as gynecology and obstetrics, cosmetic surgery, orthopedics, and rehabilitation. One of the most visited islands in Greece, Santorini is medical tourist heaven due to its excellent scenic value which helps in the speedy recovery of patients through relaxation and rejuvenation. Other factors that make these cities popular among medical tourists are cheap accommodation, language assistance, transportation facilities, and a wide range of food options.
Yes, vaccination is mandatory before traveling to Greece. The vaccines recommended by the CDC and WHO include:
It is always recommended to get immunized before traveling to Greece as some of its parts are periodically hit by routine diseases. It is always recommended to get immunized before traveling to Greece as some of its parts are periodically hit by routine diseases. Also, check with the government authority or hospitals in Greece to what vaccination should be taken.
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