Holes in the heart are considered to be congenital heart diseases or defects. These are considered to be a problem in the structure formation of the heart right at the time when a foetus is deriving its nutrition in the womb. With latest procedural technologies these problems can be mended right after birth. The holes in the heart disrupt the normal blood through the heart thus causing a general problem in blood circulation in the entire body.
In order to understand the holes in heart we must briefly understand the working of the heart. The heart works like a pump beating on an average of 100,000 times in a day. It has two sides which is divided by a wall called septum. The right side of the valve pumps blood to the lungs and picks up oxygen. The oxygen rich blood then returns to the left side of the heart from the lungs and then the left side pumps it to the rest of the body.
These two sides are divided into 4 chambers having four valves connecting them to various blood vessels. For carrying blood from the body to the heart, veins are responsible while arteries carry the blood away from the heart to be circulated to the body. The atria are two upper chambers that collect blood while ventricles are the two lower chambers pumping the blood to the lungs and other parts of the body.
The valves act like doors allowing flow of blood through the next chamber to arteries and then they close to keep the blood from again returning back to the previous chamber from where it came. In a systolic contraction ventricle pump blood from the heart and in a diastolic contraction the ventricles relax to receive blood pumped by the atria while aortic and pulmonary valves close at the beginning of the diastole to prevent the chances of backflow.
Depending on location, age and general health of the child the operation procedure is decided
When ASDs do not close by themselves as observed in periodic checkups then catheter or surgical procedure has to be adopted. Surgeons decide to close the holes when the child is 2 to 5 years old and the hole size is medium or large
Till 1990s surgery was the only usual method to close ASDs but due to advance technologies now catheter procedures can close secundum ASDs. The child will be given medicine so that he or she sleeps through the ASD device closure procedure. Now a catheter is inserted into the groin’s vein and threads it up to the septum of the heart. A tiny umbrella like device is folded up inside the catheter. Angiography or echocardiography is used to see the threading path of the catheter.
The device is pushed out of the catheter after reaching the septum and so positioned that it acts like a plug in the hold between the atria. The device will be kept in position while the catheter will be slowly withdrawn.
Within a period of 6 months, over this device normal tissues will start growing in. As the child grows the closure device is not required to be replaced. Normal development would take place gradually without affecting the operations of the heart.
Only a needle puncture is made in the above described procedure and hence this is less invasive as a procedure. They are usually successful until and unless the hole is too large and only an open surgery can solve the problem.
For primum or sinus venosus ASDs an open heart surgery is recommended. Here too medicines will ensure that the child sleeps though the process. In the chest an incision is made at first. With a special path that covers the hole the defect is repaired. On a heart lung bypass machine the child is placed to ensure that the heart can be opened to perform the surgery.
Antibiotics will be administered to the child to prevent infection like endocarditis. Regular checkups will follow for a while to ensure that the hole gets closed properly. To prevent blood clots the child may be given aspirin. Apart from all these, for the first few months, activities will be kept limited till he or she is fit enough to exert more with physical activities.
VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) cost in Malaysia varies from one hospital to the other. The VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) package cost usually includes all the expenses related to pre and post surgery expenses of the patient. The VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) procedure in Malaysia includes the fees of the surgeon, hospitalization and anesthesia as well. Post-surgical complications, new findings and delayed recovery may have an impact on the total VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) cost in Malaysia.
There are several best hospitals for VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) in Malaysia. The top hospitals for VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) in Malaysia include the following:
After VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) in Malaysia, the patient is supposed to stay in guest house for another 21 days. During this time, the patient undergoes medical tests and consultations. this is to ensure that the treatment was successful and the patient us safe to return.
One of the topmost destinations for VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) is Malaysia. It has a variety of accredited hospital, affordable cost of treatment and some of the best medical fraternity. Some of the other destinations that are popular for VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) include the following:
|United Arab Emirates||USD 18000|
Apart from the VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) cost, the patient may have to pay for additional daily expenses such as for guest house after discharge and meals. The per day extra expenses in Malaysia per person are about USD 50 per person.
There are many cities that offer VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) in Malaysia, including the following:
After the VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) takes place, the average duration of stay at the hospital is about 3 days. The patient is subjected to several biochemistry and radiological scans to see that everything is okay and the recovery is on track. After making sure that patient is clinically stable, discharge is planned.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) in Malaysia. These clinics have proper infrastructure for the treatment of patients who require kidney transplant. These hospitals comply with all the rules and regulations as dictated by the regulatory bodies and medical association in Malaysia
Malaysia has a large pool of quality hospitals, such as:
These hospitals are more focused on providing quality treatment and are supported by the latest medical technologies and excellent infrastructure. The Malaysian healthcare system is advanced due to extensive support from the Malaysian government through investment in hospital’s medical infrastructure. Malaysian Hospitals, with well-trained staff and excellent facilities, are on par with well-developed countries and have shown significant improvement in the last ten years.
What healthcare accreditation standards are followed in Malaysia? Around 12 hospitals in Malaysia have received JCI certification and all of them follow the global standards. MSQH, which promotes safety and quality in the healthcare services in Malaysia, has entered into partnership with Malaysia’s Ministry of Health, Association of Private Hospitals Malaysia and Malaysian Medical Association. There is a lengthy evaluation process for granting accreditation to a hospital in order to ensure international standards are met.
One of the leading medical tourism destinations in the world, Malaysia boasts of having a strong healthcare system supported by public-private healthcare collaboration and governmental participation. The quality of healthcare in Malaysia is at par with most developed countries due to its cutting-edge technology, advanced infrastructure, and skilled medical professionals. With world-class hospitals, Malaysia has made great achievements in the field of IVF and cardiology. Malaysia has a rich culture and several heritage spots which make it one of the most popular medical tourism destinations in the world.
Most of the highly-trained doctors in Malaysia are trained internationally before returning to work in their home country. Malaysia produces one of the finest doctors in the world because it has a strict evaluation process for offering degrees to them, and also the doctors need to serve in the public sector for at least 3 years, making them attain a high level of professionalism. Doctors in Malaysia are exceptionally good at handling IVF and cardiology cases and they have delivered excellent results in these two areas using their holistic treatment approach. Malaysian Healthcare Travellers Program (MHTP) allows all medical tourists to apply for eVISA for traveling to Malaysia and residing there for a period of 30 days.
Malaysian Healthcare Travellers Program (MHTP) allows all medical tourists to apply for eVISA for traveling to Malaysia and residing there for a period of 30 days. eVISA can be availed through online platforms and is valid for 3 months. A candidate would require below things to apply for an eVisa.
Maximum two persons can accompany the patient under separate Medical Attendant Visas and their visa validity will be the same as Medical Visa.
The most sought-after procedures available in Malaysia are prostate surgery, cosmetic surgery, dental work, vitiligo treatment, cancer care, discectomy. Cancer treatment through gene therapy is becoming popular in Malaysia as this novel technique guarantees reduced treatment costs, shorter treatment time, minimal adverse effects of current chemo-drugs. Hospitals and clinics in Malaysia are equipped with the latest technology to perform Assisted Reproductive Technique (ART) procedures such as In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), which has a marvelous success rate of 55 to 60. Hip replacement, shoulder replacement, knee replacement surgery are some of the popular orthopedic procedures in Malaysia.
Some of the leading medical tourism destinations in Malaysia are
Backed by world-class hospitals with highly professional and talented hospitals and modern infrastructure, Malaysia delivers unmatched treatment. Both Penang and Kuala Lumpur are the centres of attraction for medical tourists as they are serviced by airlines from around the world; have a number of reasonably-priced hotel rooms and an excellent public transportation system. These cities are most preferred by medical tourists because of many other reasons like a large number of hospitals, rich culture, scenic value, availability of translators, and safety of tourists.
A medical tourist traveling to Malaysia needs to get below vaccines:
Before a trip to Malaysia, you can get pre-exposure vaccination against rabies. Children are more vulnerable. Don’t forget to get Japanese encephalitis vaccination as is it common in Malaysia. Travellers arriving from countries with a risk of Yellow Fever may need an International Certificate of Vaccination.
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