Tetralogy of Fallot is a rare, complex heart defect that occurs in about 5 out of every 10,000 babies. It usually affects the heart in four ways. It usually presents itself ventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, right ventricular hypertrophy, overriding aorta. Babies and children with TOF often have cyanosis and have a blue tint in their lips, fingernails which are often used as a symptom for diagnosis. The surgery is an open-heart procedure.
As mentioned earlier tetralogy of Fallot is usually performed by either complete intracardiac repair or palliative repair. The surgeon determines the procedure to be performed. An overview of the procedure is given below:
Complete Intracardiac Repair: The surgery is done to ensure proper blood flow to the lungs. The passageway between the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery is enlarged. This ensures that there is a proper blood flow to the lungs thus providing oxygen-rich blood to the entire body. A second fix is performed for the Ventricular Septal defect by placing a patch to cover the hole in the septum. This patch stops oxygen-rich and oxygen-poor blood from mixing between the ventricles. The above mentioned two repairs ensure that there is oxygen-rich blood supply across the body and that the defects of the heart valves are corrected.
Temporary or Palliative Repair: This is done for infants who aren’t strong enough to survive the surgery. It is a procedure that helps to temporarily correct the blood flow to the lungs. The surgery is followed by complete intracardiac repair when the baby grows up. In this surgery, the surgeon places a shunt between a large artery branching off the aorta and the pulmonary artery. One end of the shunt is sewn to the artery branching off the aorta. The other end is sewn to the pulmonary artery. This causes an additional pathway for blood to travel to the lungs to get oxygen. The shunt is removed when the baby's heart defects are fixed during the full repair.
The patient is monitored closely for a week or more. Since the surgery is an open heart procedure extra care should be given while taking care of the patient. The incision for the surgery heals completely in 6 weeks and proper care should be taken to ensure that it doesn’t infect. In case of Temporary repair, the patient may need medicines to keep the shunt open while waiting for the full repair. These medicines are stopped after the shunt is removed.
Different hospitals have different pricing policy when it comes to the cost of TOF Repair in Greece. The TOF Repair package cost usually includes all the expenses related to pre and post surgery expenses of the patient. Typically, the package cost of TOF Repair in Greece includes the expenses related to the surgeon's fee, anesthesia, hospital, meals, nursing and ICU stay. Stay outside the package duration, post-operative complications and diagnosis of a new condition may further increase the TOF Repair cost in Greece.
There are many hospitals that perform TOF Repair in Greece. Some of the most renowned hospitals for TOF Repair in Greece include the following:
After TOF Repair in Greece, the patient is supposed to stay in guest house for another 25 days. This is important to ensure that the surgery was successful. During this time, control and follow-up tests take place to check for medical fitness.
One of the topmost destinations for TOF Repair is Greece. It has a variety of accredited hospital, affordable cost of treatment and some of the best medical fraternity. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for TOF Repair as well:
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There are certain additional cost that the patient has to pay apart from the TOF Repair cost. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
Some of the best cities in Greece which offer TOF Repair are:
The patient has to spend about 5 days in the hospital after TOF Repair for proper recovery and to get clearance for discharge. The patient is subjected to several biochemistry and radiological scans to see that everything is okay and the recovery is on track. After making sure that patient is clinically stable, discharge is planned.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer TOF Repair in Greece. The above mentioned clinics have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Additionally, these hospitals are known to comply with the international standards as well as local legal requirements for the treatment of patients.
The most popular hospitals in Greece are:
The country boasts state-of-the-art hospitals and medical care centers in many of its provinces, completely complying with international health standards and equipped with internationally accredited physicians. Some of the popular destinations like Corfu, Peloponnese, Crete, Thessaloniki, Alexandroupolis, Kalamata, and Athens are flocked with the majority of hospitals, which help in the growth of medical tourism in the country.
Joint Commission International (JCI) is the main healthcare accreditation body in Greece. The healthcare standards are followed by all accredited hospitals and have been developed in consultation with world healthcare experts and providers, and patients. Hospitals in Greece have to undergo a lengthy process to get accreditation from JCI. They need to meet all the mandatory criteria set by the organization. The standards set a quality benchmarks that help the hospitals to monitor, assess, as well as improve the standards of quality healthcare.
Greece’s high concentration of excellent doctors and top-notch hospitals has made it a popular destination for international patients seeking the best care at competitive prices. The country is very popular throughout Europe and the United States for its world-class medical services. The country’s medical facilities comply with the international healthcare standards to ensure the quality of treatment. Besides offering world-class treatment, Greece also provides a great patient experience through unique Mediterranean cuisine, beautiful landscape, and therapeutic natural springs. Other factors that have improved Greece’s presence in the wellness tourism market are excellent private healthcare services, availability of world-renowned as well as highly trained medical professionals, and technologically-driven medical care.
Around 95 percent of doctors in Greece are specialists and are not restricted to only general medicine. Also, the majority of the doctors have received training in different countries and capable of handling even the most complex cases with quite an ease. Fertility experts in the country have received worldwide recognition for performing IVF and other fertility procedures with more precision and a high success rate. The government has strict rules in place for the assessment of the quality of doctors. Doctors must attend a minimum of 80 hours of compulsory further training every five years. Doctors in Greece are also known for their landmark achievements, such as adopting a novel surgical approach to complex penile urethra stenosis, performing free-of-charge cardiothoracic surgery, and doing the first live-streamed global interactive rhinology and endoscopic skull base surgery.
Depending on the length of stay in Greece, a person can apply for either of the below two types of visa:
If you have a Schengen Visa, you can stay in Greece for a maximum period of 90 days within a period of six months. Make sure you have the below-listed documents when applying for a medical visa:
All the submitted documents are thoroughly checked by the Greece embassy before issuing a medical visa.
The most sought-after treatments available in Greece include:
Furthermore, Greece is also a popular health tourism destination for renal dialysis. A large number of dialysis centers are scattered all over the country. Greece has received worldwide recognition for its achievements in the field of plastic surgery. The country has a large number of standard cosmetic surgery clinics offering excellent value for money. The standard of IVF offered in the country is excellent. Greek scientists are at the forefront of research into fertility treatment, especially, male fertility and sperm health.
The cities in Greece which have received worldwide recognition for medical tourism are: 1. Athens 2. Kalamata 3. Peloponnese 4. Alexandropoulos 5. Thessaloniki 6. Corfu 7. Athens
Athens is the epicenter of the medical travel industry in Greece where patients seek high-standard medical services in various disciplines like cosmetic surgery, gynecology and obstetrics, orthopedics, and rehabilitation. One of the most visited islands in Greece, Santorini is medical tourist heaven due to its excellent scenic value which helps in the speedy recovery of patients through relaxation and rejuvenation. State-of-art hospitals, transportation facilities, affordable accommodation, a wide variety of food options, and language assistance are some other reasons why these cities are top-ranked medical tourist destinations.
Vaccination is compulsory before traveling to Greece. The CDC and WHO recommend the following vaccines:
Some parts of Europe are affected by periodic outbreaks of routine diseases, hence it becomes essential for a traveler to get immunized. It is always recommended to get immunized before traveling to Greece as some of its parts are periodically hit by routine diseases. Also, check with the government authority or hospitals in Greece to what vaccination should be taken.
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