Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a heart disorder first diagnosed or observed during the first few weeks or months of the surgery. This condition is characterized by the persistence of a normal fetal connection between the pulmonary artery and the aorta, which may allow the flow of some of the oxygenated blood back to the lungs instead of the body.
This connection is naturally present in the fetus during pregnancy. It is, in fact, present at the time of birth as well But it closes off on its own within a few days.
During pregnancy, all of the oxygen demand of the fetus is met through the placenta. Therefore, there is no need for the blood to go through the lungs for oxygenation. However, a connection is necessary to let oxygenated blood bypass the lungs of the fetus and reach the body. This connection is known as ductus arteriosus (DA).
As soon as the baby is born, the lungs take over the functioning of the connection and start purifying the blood. The problem arises when the connection does not close on its own within a few days after the birth. This condition is known as PDA.
The exact reason why DA remains open (patent) is some infants is still unknown. However, girls are twice as likely to suffer from PDA as boys. Additionally, PDA may occur in combination with other heart defects as well.
PDA, if left untreated, may lead to a number of complications. Because of the flow of oxygenated blood from the aorta to the pulmonary artery and the mixing of blood, the vessels of the lungs have to handle a large amount of blood. The larger the volume of blood that enters the pulmonary artery, the greater they have to cope with the increased pressure. This may lead to long-term damage to the lungs.
PDA may cause no symptoms at all in some children. However, the following are some of the symptoms experienced by a majority of children with PDA:
PDA closure is performed under the influence of general anaesthetic (GA) using the heart catheterization procedure. During the closure, the surgeon places a closure device into the catheter.
A typical PDA closure device is made up of mesh and metal material. It is a short tube with discs of different sizes in both its ends. The device is folder before its insertion into the catheter. The device is moved out of the catheter upon reaching the right place. One of the appropriate discs opens up when the device is moved out of the catheter. It’s acts like a plug and seals off the PDA, stopping the flow of oxygenated blood to the pulmonary artery.
The catheter is usually inserted into a blood vessel in the groin region. The catheter is gently moved up to reach the site of PDA. The closure device is threaded through to reach the PDA site and is placed in the targeted position. Once the device is in place, the catheter is withdrawn and the site of catheter insertion is bandaged.
The procedure takes anywhere from one to three hours to complete. As soon as the procedure is over, the child is transferred to the recovery room and is kept there as long as the effect of the GA fades off. Most of the children are discharged on the same day as that of PDA closure procedure. However, they will be required to stay in the hospital for at least four to six hours after the surgery.
Some children, however, will be required to stay in the hospital overnight. They are transferred to the inpatient unit after the effect of the GA is over. A chest X-ray is conducted the next day in the case of all patients to check the position of the closure device. Children who are discharged on the same day of the procedure must be brought to the hospital again in the next morning for the X-ray.
The surgeon may prescribe a few antibiotics after the surgery to prevent heart infection known as infectious endocarditis. It is common for premature infants or infants with larger PDA to become tired feeding. Therefore, care must be taken to high-calorie formula or breast milk to them for normal growth and development.
PDA Closure package cost in Hungary has different inclusions and exclusions. The cost quoted by some of the best hospitals for PDA Closure in Hungary generally covers the pre-surgery investigations of the patient. The PDA Closure cost in Hungary includes the cost of anesthesia, medicines, hospitalization and the surgeon's fee. Stay outside the package duration, post-operative complications and diagnosis of a new condition may further increase the PDA Closure cost in Hungary.
There are many hospitals that perform PDA Closure in Hungary. The top hospitals for PDA Closure in Hungary include the following:
After PDA Closure in Hungary, the patient is supposed to stay in guest house for another 18 days. This time frame is important to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient is fit to fly back.
There are certain additional cost that the patient has to pay apart from the PDA Closure cost. These charges starts from USD 50 per person.
There are many cities that offer PDA Closure in Hungary, including the following:
After PDA Closure, the patient is supposed to stay for about 3 days in the hospital for recovery and monitoring. The patient is subjected to several biochemistry and radiological scans to see that everything is okay and the recovery is on track. After making sure that patient is clinically stable, discharge is planned.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer PDA Closure in Hungary. The above mentioned clinics have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Such hospitals follow all legal protocols and guidelines as specified by the local medical affairs body when it comes to the treatment of international patients.
A good number of patients’ lives are becoming healthier with the superior treatment being provided to them by exceptional medical and surgical specialists working with the latest technologies in the multispecialty hospitals in Hungary. There are many popular multispecialty hospitals in Hungary such as:
Both straightforward procedures and complex procedures are undertaken in the multispecialty hospitals and clinics in Hungary because of the huge number of specialties present. The best results are expected from the healthcare personnel in the multispecialty hospitals in Hungary because they are willing to extra length for bringing the best outcomes for their patients.
The multispecialty hospitals in Hungary are identified with absolutely world class medical and surgical specialists and outstanding healthcare technologies that are making the lives of innumerable patients better and healthier everyday. The two important factors that make healthcare in Hungary a sought after proposition is the excellent care and the focus on precision in procedures. The healthcare ecosystem in the Hungary is research based and provides ample opportunities to the patients to explore their options within the country’s healthcare framework. The many healthcare providers in Hungary are equivalent of the highest levels of safety and comfort compared to similar medical tourism destinations of the world.
The fact that the doctor community in Hungary is well collaborated with the international community of doctors ensures knowledge sharing and great outcomes. Education from the topmost universities of the world, being exceptionally skilled at their job ensures that the doctors in Hungary are of good quality. The doctors in Hungary keep abreast of the latest developments in the medical and surgical fields and work as a team player with their fellow medical practitioners and with the patients to give the best results. The quality of doctors in Hungary can be gauged from the fact that they have really great experience with providing healthcare solutions to patients from different nationalities.
Here are the most important documents required for your travel to Hungary:
It is prudent to know the three kinds of documents that you need when going to Hungary and they are related to your travel, your required finances and the medical treatment. The essential documents that you carry with you to Hungary are helpful in making your medical travel journey to Hungary easier and without hassles. Please get your documents ready as per the checklist is to make sure that your medical torusim to Hungary has the right basis and is supported by the right authorities.
The popular procedures in Hungary are as follows:
It is Orthopaedics which is safely the most successful specialty in Hungary as the most frequently performed procedures are from this branch of medical and surgical specialty. In Hungary, the expert specialists who excel in their field as doctors and surgeons and the outstanding healthcare infrastructure lead the reasons for the success of popular procedures performed here everyday. Hungary is making strides in the advanced techniques that are used in executing the popular procedures such as Knee Replacement, Hip Replacement and Shoulder Arthroscopy.
It is absolutely essential that a month prior to your medical travel, you get checked for any vaccines that you need and be vaccinated accordingly. Please find below the extensive list of routine vaccinations that are required before your Hungary travel.
Here are mentioned few vaccinations that are needed for particular health conditions and for some age brackets.
If you wish to reconfirm the vaccinations that your doctor has suggested before your travel to Hungary, please check with WHO or World Health Organisation and CDC or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The hospitals in Hungary provide a lot of extra facilities which are a bonus above the core medical treatment already availed by any medical traveller to the country. The hospitals in Hungary are giving you a 360* healthcare experience by presenting several additional facilities as listed below:
The doctors in the hospitals in the multispecialty hospitals in Hungary are available for online and video consultation when required, this facility makes it easier for patients to assess and make the right decision on their treatment. The seamless international patient coordination is helpful to the patients in their entire treatment and journey process when visiting the multispecialty hospitals in Hungary from overseas.
Hungary is ranked 23rd in the 46 global destinations in the 2020-2021 Medical Tourism Index. This is because of the high quality of services and number of facilities. The major medical tourism destinations in Hungary are outlined below.
It is important to know that locations such as Szeged, Csongrad county, Debrecen and Pecs other than the capital city of Budapest have forged ahead as medical travel destinations in Hungary.
Documents needed for Medical treatment (Schengen visa type C) to Hungary are as follows.
It is advisable for you to research and find whether you are from the countries which do not require a Schengen visa to enter Hungary (a European country). There are reasons behind the kind of documents expected from you for the visa application:
The medical visa is granted for a period of 90 days or less, a longer stay warrants you to approach the authorities for National Visa for Medical Treatment. Plus the medical visa takes around two weeks to be processed
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