What is macula and macular degeneration?
Macula is the yellowish oval area surrounding the retina of the eye, and it is the finest part where images are received. Degeneration of the macula occurs mostly at the age of 60, and hence, it is termed as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Patients experiencing macular degeneration may not experience total blindness, but they may lose most of their central vision. The symptoms observed in this condition are the need for brighter light while reading, difficulty recognizing faces, decreased intensity of colors, etc.
Macular degeneration is mainly associated with aging. However, other factors such as smoking, hereditary, sedentary life style also cause macular degeneration.
What are the types of macular degeneration?
There are two types of macular degeneration. Each have different macular degeneration symptoms and are diagnosed with the help og macular degeneration test.
Dry AMD- It is the most common form of eye disease, and it is the early-intermediate stage of macular degeneration. The patients may experience slight vision changes; however, they may not notice the symptoms.
Wet AMD- It is the most severe form of macular degeneration that leads to complete vision loss. This occurs due to abnormal growth of blood vessels beneath retina and macula which leads to the destruction of healthy cells. It is proved that nearly 10% of people with macular degeneration have this type of AMD. If you have Wet AMD, macular degeneration symptoms may include seeing wavy lines, or dark spots throughout the day.
Juvenile MD- In some cases, macular degeneration can also affect young people, a condition called as juvenile macular degeneration. Scarring of macula is seen in such patients.
There is no special macular degeration treatment for dry AMD as it does not have any effect on side vision and it does not cause total blindness. But the progression of the disease can be prevented by a healthy lifestyle. It is proved that taking specific high-dose formulation of antioxidants and zinc decreases the risk of advanced AMD and the vision loss.
But in some cases, when the patients have advanced dry macular degeneration, Surgery can be done to implant a telescopic lens in one eye. This helps in improving both distance and close-up vision.
Some macular degeneration treatment options help slow down vision loss associated with wet AMD. These include:
It is used to destroy abnormal blood vessels within the retina. A high beam of light is directed onto the blood vessels to destroy them. This treatment is effective in slowing vision loss in patients who have developed new blood vessels away from the cornea.
injections are prescribed to prevent abnormal blood vessels. Over expression of VEGF can cause vascular disease in the retina of the eye; which is inhibited by the anti- VEGF drugs that control or slow those diseases. Drugs which are classified as anti-VEGF drugs include aflibercept, bevacizumab, and ranibizumab.
This involves laser treatment for selected areas of the retina. Your physician administers a drug called verteporfin into the vein of your arm. The drug travels the blood vessels and is absorbed by new blood vessels. Then, a low-power laser light is applied to the newly grown blood vessels; which activates the drug present in the blood vessels.
Once activated, the drug slows the growth of new blood vessels and slows the rate of vision loss.
The physician will prescribe eye drops to keep your eyes moisturized after the macular degeneration treatment. This also helps in preventing the infection after surgery. It takes nearly three to six weeks to heal after the AMD treatment.
Laser therapy damages some of the nerve cells in the macula which may cause vision loss.
Macular Degeneration Surgery package cost in Greece has different inclusions and exclusions. There are many hospital that cover the cost of pre-surgical investigations of the patient in the treatment package. The Macular Degeneration Surgery cost in Greece includes the cost of anesthesia, medicines, hospitalization and the surgeon's fee. A prolonged hospital stay due to delayed recovery, new diagnosis and complications after surgery may increase the cost of Macular Degeneration Surgery in Greece.
Many hospitals in Greece perform Macular Degeneration Surgery. Some of the most renowned hospitals for Macular Degeneration Surgery in Greece include the following:
While the speed of recovery may vary from patient to patient, they are still required to stay for about 14 days after discharge. This is important to ensure that the surgery was successful. During this time, control and follow-up tests take place to check for medical fitness.
One of the topmost destinations for Macular Degeneration Surgery is Greece. It has a variety of accredited hospital, affordable cost of treatment and some of the best medical fraternity. Some of the other popular destinations for Macular Degeneration Surgery include the following:
|Saudi Arabia||USD 2000|
|United Kingdom||USD 1100|
Apart from the Macular Degeneration Surgery cost, there are a few other daily charges that the patient may have to pay. These are the charges for daily meals and accommodation outside the hospital. These charges starts from USD 50 per person.
Some of the best cities in Greece which offer Macular Degeneration Surgery are:
After the Macular Degeneration Surgery takes place, the average duration of stay at the hospital is about 1 days. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer Macular Degeneration Surgery in Greece. The above mentioned hospitals have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Also, these hospitals follow the necessary guidelines as required by the medical associations for the treatment of Macular Degeneration Surgery patients.
Some of the top hospitals in Greece are:
The country has state-of-the-art medical care centers and hospitals which fully adhere to international health standards and are equipped with internationally accredited physicians. Greece has several contemporary hospital units that are located in the popular destinations including Corfu, Peloponnese, Crete, Thessaloniki, Alexandroupolis, Kalamata, and Athens. The hospitals in these regions contribute to the development of medical tourism in the country.
Medical facilities in Greece receive accreditation from Joint Commission International (JCI). The healthcare standards are followed by all accredited hospitals and have been developed in consultation with world healthcare experts and providers, and patients. In order to get accreditation, the hospitals need to meet all the criteria set by JCI. And the accredited hospitals and clinics have to follow international standards. The healthcare standards offer a strong comprehensive corrective action plan for ensuring quality culture at all levels and across all functions.
With world-class doctors and hospitals, Greece is one of the most preferred medical tourist destinations in the world which offers affordable and quality treatment. Well known for its excellent medical services, Greece is recognized throughout Europe and the U.S. for its top-quality medical facilities that follow international healthcare standards. Greece is considered a heaven for medical tourists because of its lovely landscape, a lot of sunshine, unique Mediterranean cuisine, and therapeutic natural springs. Other factors that have improved Greece’s presence in the wellness tourism market are excellent private healthcare services, availability of world-renowned as well as highly trained medical professionals, and technologically-driven medical care.
The level of specialist doctors in Greece is very high. Around 95 percent of doctors in the country are specialists, rather than general practitioners. Around 95 percent of doctors in Greece are specialists and are not restricted to only general medicine. Also, the majority of the doctors have received training in different countries and capable of handling even the most complex cases with quite an ease. Producing one of the finest doctors in the world, Greece has stringent government regulations for doctors in order to ensure best practices. Also, every doctor must at least 80 hours of training every five years. The doctors in Greece have achieved several milestones, such as performing the first live-streamed global interactive rhinology and endoscopic skull base surgery, successful excision of cancerous cells in an inaccessible and sensitive area of the brain, and doing the first transcatheter closure of a patent ductus arteriosus.
Two types of visas can be availed by a candidate for traveling to Greece for treatment:
A person holding a Schengen Visa can stay in Greece for a period of 90 days within a period of six months. Make sure you have the below-listed documents when applying for a medical visa:
Depending on the interview and the documents submitted, the Greece embassy decides whether a person can be granted a medical visa or not.
A large number of people visits Greece to avail the below-listed procedures:
Greece is also known for offering the best renal dialysis at an affordable price. There are several dialysis centers equipped with all modern facilities. With the best technology, highly trained plastic surgeons, and the latest innovations, Greece has reported huge success in plastic surgery. According to a report, 300,000 cosmetic procedures are being performed in the country. Greece is a very popular country for IVF treatment and there are at least 50 IVF clinics in the country. People travel from overseas for egg donation and embryo donation.
The cities in Greece which have received worldwide recognition for medical tourism are: 1. Athens 2. Kalamata 3. Peloponnese 4. Alexandropoulos 5. Thessaloniki 6. Corfu 7. Athens
Athens attracts the most number of medical tourists visiting the country as the city has a large pool of good hospitals that offer high-standard medical services in a wide range of disciplines like cosmetic surgery, orthopedics, gynecology and obstetrics, and rehabilitation. One of the most visited islands in Greece, Santorini is medical tourist heaven due to its excellent scenic value which helps in the speedy recovery of patients through relaxation and rejuvenation. These cities have gained popularity in medical tourism because of several other reasons, such as world-class hospitals, transportation facilities, cheap accommodation, more food options, and language assistance.
Vaccination is compulsory before traveling to Greece. The CDC and WHO recommend the following vaccines:
It is always recommended to get immunized before traveling to Greece as some of its parts are periodically hit by routine diseases. You should consult your doctor to seek travel medical advice related to your personal requirements, including your present medical conditions, advice on vaccination, and medication-based on the past vaccination history. Also, check with the government authority or hospitals in Greece to what vaccination should be taken.
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