Lung cancer is an uncontrolled growth of cells that start off in the lungs. Usually, lung cancer starts in the cells that line the air passages. Instead of developing into healthy lung tissue, the cells divide rapidly and form tumours.
Lung cancer can grow and spread beyond the lung to reach other parts of the body through metastasis. Lung cancers can begin in any part of the lung, but 90 percent of lung cancers begin in the epithelial cells, which are the cells lining the larger and smaller airways also known as bronchi and bronchioles.
This is the reason why lung cancers are sometimes called bronchogenic cancers or bronchogenic carcinomas. Lung cancer is the most common cancer in the world, among both men and women. It is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide.
Long-term smoking is the main cause of lung cancer. After smoking, genetic factors and exposure to radon gas, asbestos, second-hand smoke or other forms of air pollution can also increase the risk of lung cancer.
There are two major types of lung cancers, based on the appearance of lung cancer cells under the microscope:
It is necessary to determine the stage of lung cancer by finding out how far cancer has spread, before initiating treatment of lung cancer.
The following are the four lung cancer stages of NSCLC:
After the determination of stage, treatment of lung cancer starts with choosing the best suitable option for the patient. However, there is usually no single treatment for lung cancer. So the patient often receives a combination of therapies and palliative care.
Lung cancer symptoms may vary, depending upon where and how widespread the tumour is. A person with lung cancer may have following lung cancer symptoms:
The treatment of lung cancer may include the following modalities:
Surgery is the best treatment if the lung cancer is in its early stages. In the early stages, it is possible to cure a patient completely by removing the tumor and the nearby lymph nodes. But after cancer has spread, it is nearly impossible to remove all of the cancer cells with the help of surgery.
There are some specific types of surgical procedures for different location and kinds of lung cancers, such as wedge resection of the lung (removal of a portion of one lobe), lobectomy (removal of one lobe), pneumonectomy (removal of an entire lung) and lymphadenectomy (removal of lymph nodes in the region of the lungs). After the surgery, margin tissues are further studied to see if cancer cells are present or not.
Lung cancer surgery is a major surgical procedure that requires hospitalization, general anesthesia, and follow-up care for a few weeks to several months. It also carries side effects like any other surgery, including complications related to bleeding, infection, and general anesthesia.
This treatment uses high-energy X-rays or other types of radiation to destroy or shrink lung cancer tumors. Radiation therapy can be given as a curative therapy, palliative therapy, or as adjuvant therapy combined with surgery or chemotherapy.
Radiation therapy damages the molecules that make up the cancer cells. However, it can damage the normal, healthy tissues. But nowadays improved technology can focus the radiation on precise locations for certain lengths of time, thus reducing the risk of damage to the surrounding healthy tissues.
Chemotherapy is a strong medication treatment, which interferes with the cell division process and damage proteins or DNA to reduce cancer cells. NSCLC and SCLC, both types of lung cancers can be treated with chemotherapy. Chemotherapy might be given in the form of pills, intravenous infusion, or as a combination of both.
However, drugs used in chemotherapy also kill normally dividing cells in the body that may lead to unpleasant side effects. Some of the common side effects of chemotherapy are vomiting, diarrhea, appetite loss, hair loss, fatigue, anemia, infections and more. These side effects may be felt temporarily during treatment, and several drugs exist to help patients cope with the symptoms.
Drugs used in this treatment work by targeting specific abnormalities in the cancer cells. Some of the drugs in this treatment can also strengthen the activity of the immune system against cancer cells. But mostly this treatment only works in people whose cancer cells show certain genetic mutations.
On an average, Lung Cancer Treatment in Tunisia costs about $25000. Lung Cancer Treatment in Tunisia is available across many hospitals in different states.
Lung Cancer Treatment cost in Tunisia varies from one hospital to the other. The top hospitals for Lung Cancer Treatment in Tunisia covers all the expenses related to the pre-surgery investigations of the candidate. Typically, the package cost of Lung Cancer Treatment in Tunisia includes the expenses related to the surgeon's fee, anesthesia, hospital, meals, nursing and ICU stay. Stay outside the package duration, post-operative complications and diagnosis of a new condition may further increase the Lung Cancer Treatment cost in Tunisia.
After Lung Cancer Treatment in Tunisia, the patient is supposed to stay in guest house for another 45 days. This duration of stay is recommended to complete all the necessary follow-ups and control tests to ensure that the surgery was successful.
Tunisia is considered to be one of the best places for Lung Cancer Treatment in the world. This is because of the availability of some of the best doctors, advanced medical technology and good hospital infrastructure. Some of the other destinations that are popular for Lung Cancer Treatment include the following:
|Saudi Arabia||USD 25000|
|South Africa||USD 25000|
|South Korea||USD 25000|
|United Arab Emirates||USD 25000|
|United Kingdom||USD 25000|
There are certain additional cost that the patient has to pay apart from the Lung Cancer Treatment cost. The per day cost in this case may start from USD 50 per person.
The following are some of the best cities for Lung Cancer Treatment in Tunisia:
The patient has to spend about 5 days in the hospital after Lung Cancer Treatment for proper recovery and to get clearance for discharge. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
There are more than 2 hospitals that offer Lung Cancer Treatment in Tunisia. These hospitals have proper infrastructure for the treatment of patients who require kidney transplant. Also, these hospitals follow the necessary guidelines as required by the medical associations for the treatment of Lung Cancer Treatment patients.
We have outlined the most popular multispecialty hospitals in Tunisia for your reference:
The popular multispecialty hospitals in Tunisia are well known for the personal touch and the high quality in service delivery. When it comes to diagnosing health conditions and treating them well to the patients’ satisfaction, the multispecialty hospitals in Tunisia are able to accomplish it with efficiency and finesse. You must opt for healthcare in Tunisia because of the cutting edge infrastructure of its hospitals and clinics.
You must opt for healthcare in Tunisia because of the cutting edge infrastructure of its hospitals and clinics. You must choose to get your healthcare from Tunisia as the hospitals and clinics here are composed of really qualified and skilled medical, paramedical and administrative professionals. A 360* approach from consultation to post treatment rehabilitation or follow ups, short waiting times and competitive costs make Tunisia the right choice for you to get your healthcare from. The safety, security and the cleanliness standards of Tunisia and healthcare in Tunisia respectively makes it an attractive destination to get your healthcare from.
The doctors in Tunisia are known for treating patients successfully as their good practical experience and training ensures that they are able to perform procedures with concentration even for a long time. In their quest to learn and apply that knowledge to treat patients satisfactorily, the doctors in Tunisia get the best of education and upgrade their qualifications throughout their career. The doctors in Tunisia are great at leading medical, surgical teams and are experienced in liaising with doctors and healthcare professionals giving you the confidence as a patient that you are in good hands. The doctors in Tunisia are not just well educated and experienced but good managers. This becomes especially relevant when as a patient you find they are in charge as they liaison with doctors, healthcareprofessionals and as the head of the team that is treating you.
Please find here the list of essential documents that must be with you on your medical travel to Tunisia:
The documents that are important for you to carry to Tunisia must be representative of your itinerary and your medical treatment. The Government of Tunisia is now introducing an online visa application process which would ease your medical travel preparation to Tunisia. The medical travel preparation to Tunisia would necessarily involve two important documents vis a vis the medical visa invitation letter and the medical treatment recommendation letter.
We bring to you the popular procedures being performed in Tunisia.:
It is no wonder that Spine and Orthopaedic procedures are giving the edge to the medical travel industry in Tunisia. The advanced Breast Cancer treatment is making sure that a lot of medical travellers are heading to Tunisia to get a new lease of health and life. Breast Cancer treatment in Tunisia is constantly pushing to new frontiers of success everyday and is a good reason for the innumerable medical travellers coming to Tunisia.
We have mentioned here for you the vaccinations that are important for you to take before you head to Tunisia.
To make sure that you are well prepared for your journey to Tunisia by getting vaccinated as per guidelines of WHO: World Health Organisation and CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency with both the recommended vaccines and the routine vaccines. When you are traveling to Tunisia, there are some vaccines that help you be proactively protected from ailments and are considered mandatory or routine and there are others that are suggested for certain potential hazards like Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Typhoid and Rabies. It is always wise to get vaccinated before going on your medical travel to Tunisia whether recommended by any health agency or not.
It is the many additional facilities extended by the hospitals in Tunisia that make yourdecision to head to the country for medical travel easier. We have listed here the many additional facilities that the hospitals in Tunisia give the medical tourists.
As an international patient availing any treatment option in Tunisia, you can avail virtual consultations before you begin your treatment and virtual post procedure evaluations and follow ups as well. Good health options like dietitians, physiotherapists and prayer rooms for those religious souls are present in the hospitals in Tunisia.
Tunisia, the tiniest North African nation is the one with the good tourism potential in the form of the great health infrastructure and the many tourist attractions present in the country. We bring to you the many medical tourism destinations in Tunisia:
The Medical Tourism Index of 2020-21 puts Tunisia on the world map with a ranking of 38 among 46 nations. The healthy tourism industry, healthcare focus, excellent relationships of Tunisia with European union and Arab nations made this happen. Tunisia is on the fast track to growth as a sought after medical tourism destination because it provides excellent healthcare at competitive prices, an easy to get medical visa and warm hospitality shown by the people in Tunisia.
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