Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in South Africa

Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in South Africa

Radiation treatment is a kind of cancer growth treatment that utilizes light emissions energy to eliminate diseased cells. Radiation treatment frequently uses X-beams, yet protons or different sorts of energy likewise can be utilized. 

The expression "radiation therapy" regularly alludes to external beam radiation treatment. During this kind of radiation, the high-energy beams originate from a machine outside of your body that points the bars at an exact point on your body. During an alternate kind of radiation treatment called brachytherapy (brak-e-THER-uh-pee), radiation is put inside your body. 

Radiation treatment harms cells by wrecking the genetic material that controls how cells develop and separate. While both healthy and carcinogenic cells are harmed by radiation treatment, the objective of radiation treatment is to annihilate as not many typical, normal cells as could reasonably be expected. Typical cells can regularly fix a significant part of the harm brought about by radiation.

Symptoms of people undergoing Radiation Therapy

There are various symptoms that crop up both short term and long term. The short term may include:

  • Fatigue

  • Hair loss

  • Diarrhea

  • Skin changes

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Heart or lung problems, if radiation affects the chest

  • Thyroid problems, leading to hormonal changes, if radiation affects the neck area

  • Lymphedema, which involves lymph fluid building up and causing pain

  • Hormonal changes, including a possibility of early menopause, from radiation in the pelvic area

  • There is a slight chance that high doses of radiation in certain areas can increase the risk of another form of cancer developing. A doctor will provide more specific information and help with weighing the risks and benefits.

Factors affecting the cost of radiation therapy

There can be several factors affecting the costing of the procedure and the entire billing. Few of them depend on the current medical status of the patient and others are just hygiene.

  • Age of the patient

  • Stage of cancerous growth in the patient

  • The spending capacity of the patient

  • Technology and resources used for the treatment process

Treatment and Cost

25

Total Days
In Country

2 No. Travelers

1 Day in Hospital

24 Days Outside Hospital

Treatment cost starts from

USD 15000

Hospitals

About the Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT)

Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) is a type of conformal radiotherapy, a technology that enables the radiation oncologist to precisely target the tissues with cancer cells. . In this type of radiation therapy for cancer, the radiation beams closely take up the shape of the area that is being targeted.

IMRT is delivered through the standard radiotherapy machine, which is also known as the linear accelerator (LINAC). This machine has a device called multileaf collimator, which possesses lead leaves that can move independently to form a shape that best fits the target area.

Because the radiation beams can take up the shape of the target area, high dosage of radiation can be delivered to kill the cancer cells while minimizing exposure to the non-cancerous cells and tissues. IMRT proves to be highly effective in the case of head and neck cancer among other types of cancer.IMRT for prostate cancer is now available across all major hospitals around the world.

The efficiency of IMRT has already been tested for multiple cancers, including breast cancer. Latest advancements improving the efficacy of radiotherapy, however, continue to take place in the field of healthcare. This radiation treatment for cancer is already being used as a standard treatment for some cancer types.

How is Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) performed?

Typically, the following steps are performed during the IMRT session:

  • The patient is made to lie on a radiotherapy table.
  • The radiographers will make the patient lie in a suitable position and adjust the mould if any.
  • The staff leaves the patient alone in the room and IMRT dose is administered through LINAC accelerator or some other radiotherapy machine.
  • The radiation oncologist and the radiographers carefully observe the patient from the closed room.
  • The team may ask the patient to take shallow breaths or hold their breath for a few seconds.
  • The mould is removed once the session is over.

A typical IMRT session lasts for about 15 to 30 minutes.

Recovery from Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT)

IMRTradiation therapy for cancer is a painless procedure. The patient does not feel anything during the radiotherapy session. However, there could be some level of discomfort due to posture or the use of masks and moulds. After this radiation treatment for cancer, the patient is made to lie on the table for a few minutes after the treatment to relax.

A few patients may experience increased frequency of urination or a sudden urge to urinate. Patients are advised to drink at least six to eight glasses of water every day to recover quickly from the session. Additionally, they should try to avoid excess consumption of spicy foods, caffeine, and alcohol during the recovery phase.

Recovery Process post-Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) 

Some patients may feel excessive tiredness and fatigue during the course of radiation treatment. Such patients should plan their daily activities and take several short naps during the day to manage their energy levels. Additionally, they are advised to take high protein and high-calorie foods during and after the treatment.

Patients should use a non-scented soap to clean the area that has been exposed to radiation. Additionally, they should keep their skin moisturized.

Patient Stories

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the health care infrastructure of South Africa / Why should opt for South Africa as a destination for your medical treatment?
Like most countries, hospitals in South Africa are based upon public and private healthcare systems. There are three main levels of healthcare based upon the payment method of the patient.
  • The full paying patients are those who usually prefer to be treated by a doctor working in the private sector. They can also be funded by an external source. Many non-South African citizens also prefer this treatment service.
  • Fully subsidized patients are those who have been referred from a Primary Healthcare Service Hospital.
  • Partially subsidized patients are patients whose costs are subsidized based on the amount of their income.
The public healthcare system has three main centers for health under its wing:
  • Clinics - These are run by trained professionals and nurses. They can serve as the first point of contact for a patient.
  • Community Healthcare Centre - This is a bigger setup, complete with full-fledged services and doctors and nurses.
  • Hospital - A patient usually gets here after a referral from a clinic or community health center. One can also go in for emergencies. A hospital provides various services like performing surgery and treating chronic illnesses.
Hospitals in South Africa are gearing up to tackle major illnesses and to provide better treatment options. The South African government is also working to introduce policies and towards accommodating more patients from all across the world. It is a great country to find affordable treatment options.
What are the conditions of the hospitals in South Africa? Are they JCI certified? What is the quality of the support staff in the hospitals
The Joint Commission International (JCI) accredits and certifies most health care organizations and programs all around the world. Joint Commission International Accreditation and Certification is recognized as the global leader for health care quality of care and patient safety.
Are the doctors/surgeons in South Africa of the best quality?
Doctors associated with Medigence are of the best quality. We hope to give our patients a pleasant experience and the best doctors we can find. Since South Africa has a lot of requirements in the field of healthcare, the country attracts doctors from all over the world to contribute their services. This can help to ensure that even you receive the best quality of doctors.
What is the process for obtaining a medical visa in South Africa?
One can apply for a visa to South Africa for a period of 90 days. The High Commission of India can then help one decide for how long a visa can be extended. This usually differs from person to person. The Medical Visa allows a person to stay for a maximum of six months with a valid visa. After this, one can go to the FRO office ( Foreigner’s Registration Office ) or FRRO (Foreigner's Regional Registration Office) and request for an extension. Do note that the validity of a visa begins on the day it is issued by the High Commission of India and not on the date of departure. Applications for visas will not be accepted more than 30 days prior to departure.
What support services does MediGence provide in the United Arab Emirates?
MediGence enables you to plan and manage your medical decisions better. These are some of our services offered:
  • Expert Opinion
    We help you seek an Expert Opinion on your diagnosis and treatment from an experienced team of doctors at MediGence and specialists from a reputable hospital.
  • Hospital Recommendation
    We recommend a hospital or a healthcare institution that is best suited for you, based on your ailment and its criticality.
  • 360-degree Hospital Review
    We give you a transparent and holistic view of the hospital and its infrastructure, accreditation, facilities, and expertise to give you confidence.
  • Doctor Validation and Communication
    We share a comprehensive profile of the treating doctor and also arrange a call to clear queries regarding treatment if needed.
  • Options to Choose From
    Based on your choice of destination and other preferences, we provide you multiple options with respect to hospitals and doctors to choose from.
  • 24X7 Patient Care Support
    A dedicated patient case manager stays in constant touch with you to help you at every step of the decision-making process and resolve queries that you may have.
  • Transparent Treatment Cost and Other Expenses
    We give a clear and accurate indication of the total cost of treatment including treatment, stay, meals, and other expenses.
  • Visa Assistance
    We provide and help prepare documentation for visa approval and coordinate with the embassy to expedite the visa process.
  • Accommodation Arrangements
    We propose to you a choice of accommodation based on your preference such as long stay, short stay, or luxury properties.
Which are the best cities in South Africa for medical treatment?
While many cities are striving to create some of the best hospitals in South Africa, Durban, Lenasia, and Cape Town already have some very good hospitals for treatment in South Africa. Located in Durban, Ethekwini Hospital and Heart Centre is a reasonable and affordable hospital in South Africa. Life Kingsbury Hospital in Capetown provides a holistic healing environment for patients. One can also opt for the Ahmed Kathrada Private Hospital in Lenasia. This hospital has been running for nearly 30 years now and various medical facilities can be availed from here.

Our team of healthcare experts would be happy to assist you

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