Radiation treatment is a kind of cancer growth treatment that utilizes light emissions energy to eliminate diseased cells. Radiation treatment frequently uses X-beams, yet protons or different sorts of energy likewise can be utilized.
The expression "radiation therapy" regularly alludes to external beam radiation treatment. During this kind of radiation, the high-energy beams originate from a machine outside of your body that points the bars at an exact point on your body. During an alternate kind of radiation treatment called brachytherapy (brak-e-THER-uh-pee), radiation is put inside your body.
Radiation treatment harms cells by wrecking the genetic material that controls how cells develop and separate. While both healthy and carcinogenic cells are harmed by radiation treatment, the objective of radiation treatment is to annihilate as not many typical, normal cells as could reasonably be expected. Typical cells can regularly fix a significant part of the harm brought about by radiation.
There are various symptoms that crop up both short term and long term. The short term may include:
Nausea and vomiting
Heart or lung problems, if radiation affects the chest
Thyroid problems, leading to hormonal changes, if radiation affects the neck area
Lymphedema, which involves lymph fluid building up and causing pain
Hormonal changes, including a possibility of early menopause, from radiation in the pelvic area
There is a slight chance that high doses of radiation in certain areas can increase the risk of another form of cancer developing. A doctor will provide more specific information and help with weighing the risks and benefits.
There can be several factors affecting the costing of the procedure and the entire billing. Few of them depend on the current medical status of the patient and others are just hygiene.
Age of the patient
Stage of cancerous growth in the patient
The spending capacity of the patient
Technology and resources used for the treatment process
Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) is a type of conformal radiotherapy, a technology that enables the radiation oncologist to precisely target the tissues with cancer cells. . In this type of radiation therapy for cancer, the radiation beams closely take up the shape of the area that is being targeted.
IMRT is delivered through the standard radiotherapy machine, which is also known as the linear accelerator (LINAC). This machine has a device called multileaf collimator, which possesses lead leaves that can move independently to form a shape that best fits the target area.
Because the radiation beams can take up the shape of the target area, high dosage of radiation can be delivered to kill the cancer cells while minimizing exposure to the non-cancerous cells and tissues. IMRT proves to be highly effective in the case of head and neck cancer among other types of cancer.IMRT for prostate cancer is now available across all major hospitals around the world.
The efficiency of IMRT has already been tested for multiple cancers, including breast cancer. Latest advancements improving the efficacy of radiotherapy, however, continue to take place in the field of healthcare. This radiation treatment for cancer is already being used as a standard treatment for some cancer types.
Typically, the following steps are performed during the IMRT session:
A typical IMRT session lasts for about 15 to 30 minutes.
IMRTradiation therapy for cancer is a painless procedure. The patient does not feel anything during the radiotherapy session. However, there could be some level of discomfort due to posture or the use of masks and moulds. After this radiation treatment for cancer, the patient is made to lie on the table for a few minutes after the treatment to relax.
A few patients may experience increased frequency of urination or a sudden urge to urinate. Patients are advised to drink at least six to eight glasses of water every day to recover quickly from the session. Additionally, they should try to avoid excess consumption of spicy foods, caffeine, and alcohol during the recovery phase.
Recovery Process post-Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT)
Some patients may feel excessive tiredness and fatigue during the course of radiation treatment. Such patients should plan their daily activities and take several short naps during the day to manage their energy levels. Additionally, they are advised to take high protein and high-calorie foods during and after the treatment.
Patients should use a non-scented soap to clean the area that has been exposed to radiation. Additionally, they should keep their skin moisturized.
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