Malignant formation of cells in the breast of women leads to breast cancer. After skin cancer, breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women in the United States. The disease and its occurrence are found both in men and women alike, however, it is far more common in women.
Generous help for breast cancer education, awareness, and research subsidizing has helped made advances in the determination and treatment of breast cancer disease. Breast cancer endurance rates have expanded, and the mortality rate related to this ailment is consistently declining, to a great extent because of factors, for example, early detection, another customized way to deal with treatment and a superior understanding of the disease.
Risk factors for developing breast cancer include being female, obesity, lack of physical exercise, drinking alcohol, hormone replacement therapy during menopause, ionizing radiation, early age at first menstruation, having children late or not at all, older age, prior history of breast cancer, and family history.
Signs and symptoms of breast cancer may include:
A lump formation that may feel like a thickened mass of tissues around the breast.
Change in the size, shape or appearance of a breast
Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling
A newly inverted nipple
Peeling, scaling, crusting or flaking of the pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple (areola) or breast skin
Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast, like the skin of an orange
Primarily, the factors affecting the cost of breast cancer vary with the socioeconomic status of the patient. The country in which the patient is procuring the treatment and the spending capacity of the patient. Mentioned below are some of the major factors:
Age of the patient
Stage of the treatment
Medical history of the patient
External allowances of the patient and the spending capacity of the patient
Resources used and the technology incorporated into the procedure of the treatment
The recent advances made in breast cancer treatment have revolutionized the way how women from this rare disorder are diagnosed and suggested a personalized treatment plan. These advances have made it easier for the doctors to arrive at a treatment plan, which is most suitable for the patient as per their individual characteristics and needs.
Different breast cancer treatment options help destruct complex mixture of cancer cells, which are otherwise difficult to treat using conventional breast cancer treatment. The treatment is started by the doctors handling the case as soon as the breast cancer diagnosis is confirmed.
Before the article delves into the different breast cancer treatment options, lets first take a look at how breast cancer develops and what are its symptoms and diagnosis methods.
Breast cancer primarily affects females aged above 40. However, that does not mean that it does not affect women aged below 40. Breast cancer can also affect males, although rarely.
Breast cancer starts in the cells of either one or both the breasts. It accounts for more than 16 percent of female cancer and contributes to 18.2 percent of all deaths that take place around the world because of cancer.
In the US alone, breast cancer affects more than 232,000 females and 2,200 males each year. It leads to death of more than 39,000 breast cancer patients in a year.
The symptoms of breast cancer can be easily identified at home through breast self-examination. You should consult your physician on how to conduct this exam at home.
The most common breast cancer symptoms include:
In case of more aggressive breast cancer called inflammatory breast cancer, severe redness and itching may be present.
The patients are advised to contact their physician as soon as they notice any of the symptoms of breast cancer. The physician is the best person to diagnose whether it is normal or inflammatory best cancer, and accordingly, suggest treatment for breast cancer.
The exact reason that causes breast cancer is unclear, despite the fact that every eighth woman suffers from it. However, there are several factors that have been associated with the development of breast cancer. Some of the breast cancer risk factors include:
The risk of breast cancer naturally increases as women age. The risk is also higher in women who have a family history of breast or ovarian cancer, possess BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes or who have had their periods before the age of 12.
Most commonly, as a part of treatment for breast cancer, a surgery is conducted to remove the cancerous lump or growth from breasts. Depending on the extent of cancer and its stage, surgery may be accompanied by another form of treatment as well, which are conducted either before or after the surgery.
The doctor decides upon a breast cancer treatment plan that is most suitable for the patient. The decision may depend upon the extent of spread, the overall health of the patient, the stage and the type of breast cancer (inflammatory, cancer during pregnancy, lobular carcinoma, ductal carcinoma and invasive breast cancer).
The team that conducts breast cancer treatment includes a surgeon, medical oncologist, and a radiation oncologist. The different breast cancer treatment options are divided into two types:
Local Treatment: This type of treatment is localized, that is, it is only used to treat one specific location or primary site affected by cancer. It does not have any impact on the rest of the body.
The following are the two types of local treatment:
It is the most common form of treatment that targets to remove as much cancer from the primary location as possible. There are different types of surgeries, which can be selected by the doctor depending upon the requirement.
Radiation is required by some breast cancer patients, mostly in addition to other types of treatment. It is typically used in case of patients who have undergone mastectomy, breast-conserving surgery or if cancer has spread to other parts of the body. Delivering high dose radiation to the affected part of the body helps reduce the chances of cancer recurrence.
The radiation can either be delivered externally or by placing a small radioactive pallet in the affected area internally. The latter form of radiation therapy is known as brachytherapy.
This type of treatment involves the used of drugs that can be administered either orally or intravenously. The choice of drugs depends on the type of systemic treatment opted for, which, in turn, is dependent upon the extent and the type of cancer.
Of all the three forms of systemic treatment, chemotherapy is the most common. Chemotherapy is recommended before the surgery to reduce the size of the tumor and after the surgery to kill off the remaining cancer cells. It involves the intravenous administration of specific anti-cancer drugs.
Hormone therapy is most commonly used in cases when the patient has tested HER-2 positive in the biopsy. Targeted therapy, on the other hand, is less commonly used.
Recovery after breast cancer treatment is less painful and traumatic as compared to some of the other types of critical cancers. Therefore are, however, certain changes that breast cancer patients may have to deal with after their treatment. Some of these changes include the following:
The medications after cancer treatment may continue for a few years to keep the regrowth of cancer cells in check. It may take several months for the patient to recover from the after-effects of cancer treatment.
The cost of Breast Cancer Treatment procedure starts from USD 18500 in Switzerland. Breast Cancer Treatment in Switzerland is conducted across several OECI, TEMOS certified hospitals.
The Breast Cancer Treatment package cost in Switzerland varies from one hospital to another and may offer different benefits. The cost quoted by some of the best hospitals for Breast Cancer Treatment in Switzerland generally covers the pre-surgery investigations of the patient. The Breast Cancer Treatment cost in Switzerland includes the cost of anesthesia, medicines, hospitalization and the surgeon's fee. Post-surgical complications, new findings and delayed recovery may have an impact on the total Breast Cancer Treatment cost in Switzerland.
After Breast Cancer Treatment in Switzerland, the patient is supposed to stay in guest house for another 30 days. This duration of stay is recommended to complete all the necessary follow-ups and control tests to ensure that the surgery was successful.
Switzerland is one of the most popular countries for Breast Cancer Treatment in the world. The country offers the best cost of Breast Cancer Treatment, best doctors, and advanced hospital infrastructure. Some of the other popular destinations for Breast Cancer Treatment include the following:
|Saudi Arabia||USD 18500|
|South Africa||USD 18500|
|South Korea||USD 18500|
|United Arab Emirates||USD 10000|
|United Kingdom||USD 18500|
There are certain additional cost that the patient has to pay apart from the Breast Cancer Treatment cost. These charges starts from USD 50 per person.
Some of the cpopular cities in Switzerland that offer Breast Cancer Treatment include the following:
After the Breast Cancer Treatment takes place, the average duration of stay at the hospital is about 4 days. This phase is important to ensure that the patient is recovering well and is clinically stable. During this time, several tests are performed before the patient is deemed suitable for discharge.
There are more than 3 hospitals that offer Breast Cancer Treatment in Switzerland. Such hospitals have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Additionally, these hospitals are known to comply with the international standards as well as local legal requirements for the treatment of patients.
Some of the best medical specialists for Breast Cancer Treatment in Switzerland are:
The most popular hospitals in Switzerland are:
The country has a large pool of hospitals with modern infrastructure and facilities. The total number of hospitals is around 500 and 12 of them are JCI accredited. A rising number of hospitals have developed centers of competence for outpatient diagnostic and therapy. Swiss hospitals deliver up to 70 percent of all out-patient services in a given region. Backed by state-of-art infrastructure and advanced medical technology, the world-class multispecialty hospitals in Switzerland are able to provide unmatched treatment with high precision and accuracy.
Healthcare facilities in Switzerland have to sign contracts on quality care in order to meet international standards. Healthcare accreditation is based on the model of the International Standards Organization. The country has a very stringent process for awarding healthcare accreditation. Adherence to standard EN 45001 is compulsory for accredited healthcare facilities to ensure quality care. Healthcare standards help hospitals to evaluate, control, and improve the standards of quality healthcare.
A few reasons why Switzerland is leading the way in medical tourism are traditional values of quality, precision, cleanliness, research-focus, and highly qualified experienced staff. Superior infrastructure and world-class healthcare facilities and research institutes make the country a global leader in the medical tourism industry. Switzerland is popular for its excellence in new treatments and healthcare innovations. The country is flocked with several famous research institutes that focus on developing new medical technology. Switzerland’s popularity in medical tourism is also attributed to some other factors like high level of privacy, quality and safe treatments, and a wide range of treatment specialties.
Yes, the hospitals in Switzerland do accept Health Insurance. You should check the procedures or the treatment options that your chosen health insurance does not cover as well. In case of an approved insurance provider, the hospital can start cashless treatment once it receives the Guarantee of Payment from the insurance. Usually, cosmetic surgery, pregnancy and abortion, and diagnostic tests are not covered under health insurance. If a treatment is not covered under a health insurance plan in Switzerland, you can initially pay for the treatment and apply for reimbursement after you are back in your country.
Some of the popular procedures available in Switzerland are:
The reasons for the popularity of these procedures are world-class clinics and hospitals, superior technology, and well-trained doctors. With such a wide variety of treatments available, Switzerland is truly a hub for medical tourists. Its reputation for cosmetic surgery and medical health spas have also made it a preferred spot for many people. IVF is performed with great perfection and safety under the supervision of highly trained fertility experts who are regarded ‘artists’ due to their deep skills in fertility treatment and personalized care.
Top destinations for medical tourism in Switzerland are Basel, Geneva, Lausanne, Lugano, Zurich, Lucerne, Bern. With highly trained and qualified doctors and a large pool of multispecialty hospitals, Switzerland offers a great medical travel experience. A large number of medical tourists visit Zurich and Geneva every year because of several reasons like the availability of reasonably-priced hotel rooms, better transportation systems, and connectivity through airlines. A large number of hospitals, scenic value, rich culture, availability of translators, and safety of tourists also contribute to the popularity of these cities in medical tourism.
The vaccines recommended by WHO and CDC are:
Some parts of Switzerland have recently had routine disease outbreaks. Make sure your MMR and other routine vaccinations are up-to-date. Vaccines and their dosage vary as per the traveler's age, immunization history, and current medical conditions. Before a trip to Switzerland, you can get pre-exposure vaccination against rabies and yellow fever.
A candidate needs to apply for a Schengen Visa for traveling to Switzerland to seek treatment. This visa allows a patient to stay in the country for a period of 90 days. If your treatment is foreseen to last longer, you should apply for a National Visa for Medical Treatment. Here is a list of documents that you will require for applying for a medical visa:
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