Norwood Procedure in Czechia

Treatment and Cost

21

Total Days
In Country

2 No. Travelers

7 Day in Hospital

14 Days Outside Hospital

Treatment cost starts from

USD 11000

Hospitals

About the Norwood Procedure

Norwood procedure is a type of a heart surgery conducted to treat patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, mitral atresia, and other types of congenital heart defects that result in a single ventricle for blood circulation. This surgery, performed for the first time in 1981, is conducted in three steps.

Norwood procedure is conducted in patients whose heart is not able to pump blood to the different parts of the body. As a part of Norwood surgery, the doctors connect the single ventricle in the heart to the systemic circulation. To be able to do this, the surgeons first stop the circulation of the impure blood to the lungs from the ventricles and create an alternative pathway for it. During the Norwood surgery, the right side of the heart is resurrected as the main pumping chamber. Sometimes, it is the right ventricle that supplies blood to both the lungs and the rest of the body parts.

Norwood surgery is mostly conducted during the first week of life. It is usually conducted as a part of a series of heart surgeries required to correct the heart defect. It involves the reconstruction of the aorta using the pulmonary artery. During the same surgery, a Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunt is placed to maintain the flow of blood from the heart to the lungs.

How is Norwood Procedure performed?

The following three steps are performed during the surgery:

Step 1: Creation of a new aorta

The surgeons first split the pulmonary artery into two parts. The end closest to the lungs is sewn and the far end is sewn into the aorta. A patch is put on this conjunction is make the new aorta stronger and bigger. This way, the blood leaving the heart through the pulmonary valve in the right side to the rest of the body travels through the newly created aorta.

Step 2: Placement of a BT shunt

A BT shunt is a hollow tube that connects the pulmonary artery to the new aorta. It helps pump some blood that eventually reaches the lungs.

Step 3: Removal of walls between the atria

In the last step, the wall between the upper two chambers of the heart, the atria, is removed. This allows the flow of blood coming back from the lungs to the right upper chamber. The blood eventually reached the right lower chamber (ventricle) and is pumped to the rest of the body.

Recovery from Norwood Procedure

After the surgery, once the blood circulation resumes, the right side of the heart of the baby pumps a mixture of blue and red blood. Blue blood is the deoxygenated blood that comes from the different parts and red blood is the oxygenated blood coming from the lungs. This gives a blue or a dusky appearance to the skin and the lips of the baby.

Because the blood of the baby is mixed, the oxygen level in the blood circulating in the body is less than normal. However, the body of the baby adjusts to this levels and is not affected by it. A majority of babies who undergo Norwood surgery are released from the hospital after 10 days of the surgery. Doctor prescribe three to four medications that must be given to the baby in the days to come.  Breastfeeding is highly recommended for babies who have had a heart surgery. Some babies may be given breast milk through a feeding tube for a few days before normal feeding is resumed. For increased calories intake, breast milk can be supplemented with extra powders and other add-ons.

Parents of the baby must learn how to care for the baby at home and feed them. They must learn all the necessary skills from the nurse and take guidance from the surgeon. Babies who have had a Norwood operation grow normally like any other baby. They smile and roll over and the rest of the developmental stages are the same. Some babies may, however, face trouble gaining weight and they must be given richer milk to drink for normal development.

Patient Stories

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the health care infrastructure of Czechia / Why should opt for Czechia as a destination for your medical treatment?
Czechia is recognized for its strict rules and regulations which has kept the country in strict discipline. As an upside, the country has well-maintained regulations for every process and impressive medical healthcare facilities which has garnered thousands of visitors from across the world. The reasons for opting hospitals in Czechia is the astounding treatment options available at a very cost effective price range, which is undoubtedly affordable than most of the developed countries across the world. Besides the well-planned infrastructure, the treatment options and alternatives offered are tempting enough. Apart from that, the country also flaunts high success rates and has thus been able to cure some of the most complex diseases in the world.
What are the conditions of the hospitals in Czechia? Are they JCI certified. What is the quality of the support staff in the hospitals?
Contrary to a few decades back, the hospitals in Czechia have upgraded manifolds. The conditions of the multispecialty clinics have been modified to include the modern amenities and devices at large. This makes it ideally competent to the healthcare infrastructure in other developed countries making it capable of providing uncompromised treatment options to the medical tourists. A few of the hospitals and multispecialty clinics have earned due JCI certification and are thus, counted among the most trusted hospitals in the country. One of the most important aspects of availing healthcare benefits from any hospital is the quality of the support staff. Besides owning proficient doctors and surgeons, the efficiency of the support staff plays a major role on the health of the candidate. Keeping in mind the necessity, the staffs are well-trained to deal with every kind of situation thereby ensuring complete safety to the patients.
Are the doctors/surgeons in Czechia of the best quality?
One of the many reasons for the success of medical and health department of Czechia, is the supreme quality of the medical professionals. The doctors and surgeons providing treatments in Czechia are globally recognized for their service towards the medical field. Furnished with degrees from reputed universities and decades of training and experience, the doctors have earned high success rates throughout their professional career.
What is the process for obtaining medical visa in Czechia?
The Korean embassy follows a strict protocol for obtaining visa for travelling to the country. The necessary documents (photocopies and original) have been listed on their official website and should be strictly adhered to. However, one must definitely keep the documents at hand while applying for the same:
  • Two recent passport size photographs of the candidate not older than six months
  • Visa application fee which needs to be paid
  • Photocopy of the visa application fee paid
  • Confirmation of the duly filled visa application form
  • Civil status of the candidate
  • Copy of the entire travel itinerary
  • Proof of round ticket of flight as well as the accommodation reserved for staying
  • Other documents like birth certificate, residential proof, etc., which may also be required.
What support services does MediGence provide in Czechia?
Keeping in mind every travelling protocol listed by the government, MediGence ensures a hassle-free medical travelling experience in Czechia. Right from the beginning of the journey to the end, MediGence assists the candidates and the family with utmost care thereby making the stay as comfortable as it can be. Hence, here is a list of services provided for candidate satisfaction:
  • Medical travel and insurance query related support
  • Medical travel guidance
  • Visa Assistance
  • Free airport to hospital transfer
  • On-Ground Support
  • Teleconsultations
  • Visa Assistance
  • Accommodations Assistance
  • Free Airport to Hospital Transfer
  • Rehabilitation and recovery services
Which are the best cities in Czechia for medical treatment?
There are several cities which provide impressive medical benefits and are open for both national and international tourists. However, the best cities in Czechia for medical treatment are:
  • Seoul
  • Busan
  • Daegu
  • Incheon

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