Heart Transplantation in India

Heart Transplantation in India

Heart Transplantation is a process that is performed on patients who have serious coronary artery problem or have reached the end stage of heart failure. The heart of the patient is either replaced completely by the donor's heart, or it is left in its initial place to support the donor's heart.  This process is not a medicament for heart disease but a   life-saving treatment. Although this process is risky, a patient can die if his heart is not transplanted at the correct time. Around 3500 hearts are transplanted in the world every year approximately.

A heart transplant before the age of 55 enables a person to live for another ten years. Pregnancy is safe for mothers who have had a heart transplant. The person who donates heart is someone who has died recently or is brain dead, a condition in which the body is kept alive by means of certain machines, but the brain has stopped functioning completely. The heart transplantation procedure is highly successful in India, and due to this reason, most people prefer India for heart transplantation. The first hospital to perform heart transplantation in India was Apollo hospital in Chennai.

The cost of heart transplantation in India is around USD 45000 or above. The medicines which are provided after the surgery are required to be consumed by the patients throughout their lives. The medicines are mostly specialized drugs. These medicines are very expensive. A lot of times a considerable amount of money has to be given to the donor’s family. It takes several months to find a donor who can donate his heart to the patient.

Heart surgery has a lot of types, and the cost basically depends on the kind of surgery one has to undergo. For example, open heart surgery costs a little less. It is a procedure in which the chest is opened, and the surgery is carried out on the muscles, valves, and arteries. For children, open heart surgery ranges from 1.25 lakhs to 2 lakhs. This type of surgery is often referred to as traditional heart surgery. There can be certain risks of this surgery such as infection, irregular heartbeat, memory loss, blood loss and breathing difficulty. Taking care of the patient at home is essential after the surgery.

Heart Transplant Surgery Cost in India

India is one of the preferred destinations when it comes to heart transplantation as the cost is minimal in India as compared to other countries. The medical treatment packages are pretty affordable in India as compared to other places. The cost is approximately 1/6 of that in Europe, the USA or the UK. Also, the medical check-up after the surgery like ultrasound, X-rays or blood tests is significantly lower in India as compared to other countries. A myriad of international patients come to India for their heart transplantation and other such operations due to the excellent facilities provided by India.

Cost of Heart Transplant in the United States

The cost of Heart Transplantation in the US can approximately go up to USD 1 million. However, apart from the high cost, there are a lot of factors such as long waiting list, lack of expertise of surgeons, or approval of the surgery by the medical board which can hamper people residing in the US to get heart transplantation.

Treatment and Cost

30

Total Days
In Country

2 No. Travelers

15 Day in Hospital

15 Days Outside Hospital

Treatment cost starts from

USD 90000

Hospitals

About the Heart Transplant

A heart transplantation is required in patients with a diseased heart. It is often recommended to patients whose heart function does not improve even after surgeries and continuous and prolonged use of medications. During the heart transplant procedure, the diseased heart is replaced with a fully functional heart. The heart used for replacement is retrieved from a patient who is brain-dead but is still on a life support system.

Because of the unavailability of a sufficient number of brain-dead donors, heart transplant surgery is still a rare procedure, even though it is a life-saving procedure. Moreover, there are just a handful of families who agree to donate the heart of their close ones because of aesthetic reasons. Even though heart transplant procedure is a major one, the chances of survival after the surgery is generally good. However, heart transplant survival rate largely depends on how well the patient has been taken care of after the surgery. Heart transplant surgery is mostly performed in patients with heart failure, which may happen because of any of the following conditions:

  • Cardiomyopathy or weakening of the heart muscles
  • Previously failed heart transplant procedure
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Cardiac valve disease
  • Congenital heart defect
  • Amyloidosis
  • Abnormal heart rhythm

Heart transplantation surgery is often coupled with the transplant of some other organ in patients with specific conditions. These organs may include kidney, liver, or lung, depending on the condition of the patient and the ailment he or she is suffering from. Not every heart patients, however, is eligible to undergo the heart transplant surgery. Patients with a previous history of cancer, a major illness that would anyway shorten their lifespan, active infection, advanced age, or unhealthy lifestyle habits are not recommended to undergo heart transplant surgery.

How is Heart Transplant performed?

The following steps are typically performed during the heart transplant surgery:

  • You will receive general anaesthesia so that you remain asleep during the surgery. Anesthesia ensures that you do not feel any pain or discomfort during the procedure.
  • As the heart transplant procedure is performed on a non-beating heart, you will be connected to a heart-lung bypass machine. This machine takes over the functioning of the normal blood circulation temporarily.
  • The surgeons will make an incision in your chest and separate the chest bone to open the rib cage. This will expose your heart.
  • The diseased heart is removed and replaced with the donor’s heart. All of the major blood vessels are connected to the donor’s heart.
  • The heart starts beating as soon as you are removed from the artificial heart-lung bypass machine.
  • The surgeons may deliver a shock to the donor’s heart to make it beat if required.
  • The chest is sewn back once the beating of the donor’s heart is restored.

Recovery from Heart Transplant

You may expect to receive a couple of medications after the surgery to ease the pain. You may also be kept on a ventilator for a few hours or days to ease beating. Additionally, a chest tube may be put to drain fluids from the chest. You may also expect to receive fluids through IV following the surgery.

Recovery after heart transplantation surgery is slow. You will be required to visit the surgeon for frequent follow-ups. They will advise you to undergo a series of tests every time you visit, including echocardiograms, electrocardiograms, and blood tests. You will also be required to undergo heart biopsies to check for signs of organ rejection. During a biopsy, a pathologist will look into a tiny heart tissue under a microscope. Additionally, you will be required to make several long-term adjustments into your schedule after you’ve had a heart transplant. You will be required to take immunosuppressants and make adjustments for medications. You will require an intensive emotional support during cardiac rehabilitation. Therefore, make sure to have your near and dead ones around you during the recovery phase.

You will also be advised to make several adjustments to your lifestyle to speed up recovery. This includes guidelines pertaining to exercising, healthy diet, sunscreen use, and tobacco consumption.

Patient Stories

Frequently Asked Questions

Why do people prefer India for heart transplantation?

People generally prefer India for their heart transplantation due to the affordable packages that this country offers with the best medical facilities. India has stupendous medical facilities with well qualified and experienced doctors. The techniques like robotic heart surgery, stenting, coronary heart surgeries are also available in India. Specialized rehabilitation that enables a person to recover quickly after surgery is also present in India.

What is the average cost of Heart Transplantation in India?

The average cost of heart transplantation in India is 20 lakhs or above. However, it may vary according to the type of heart surgery. For instance, open heart surgery costs less as compared to this type of surgery. The cost is different for international patients.

Which are the best Hospitals for Heart Transplantation in India?

The best and the most successful hospitals in India for heart transplantation are:

(1) Apollo Chennai

(2) Fortis Escorts Heart Institute and Research Centre

(3)  Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Delhi

(4) Max Super Speciality Hospital

(5) Aditya Birla Memorial Hospital

(6) Max Super Speciality Hospital

(7) The Wockhardt Hospital in Mumbai

Which are the best Cardiologists in India?

The best Cardiologists in India are as follows:

(1) Dr. Ashok Seth

(2) Dr. Krishna Slyer

(3) Dr. Naresh Trehan

(4) Dr. Ajay Kaul

(5) Dr. Ganesh K. Mani

How successful is Heart Transplantation in India?

The heart transplantation in India is successful in 85 to 90% of the cases. However special care of the patient who has undergone surgery is mandatory. There are a lot of precautions that have to be followed after the surgery is completed successfully. Regular check-ups are mandatory for patients who undergo heart surgeries. The doctor prescribes a lot of medicaments for the patients that are to be taken on time. If these medicaments are not taken properly, then the chances of survival after the surgery are minimal and might cause grave threat to the patient.

Which are the best cities for Heart Transplantation in India?

Heart transplant cost in Hyderabad is less as it is also one of the leading cities in India for a heart transplant. The best cities for heart transplantation in India are the metro cities. These are the places that the top cardiologists and the top heart hospitals are. Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Chennai are some of the best cities in India with hospitals that are able to perform the Heart transplantation surgery in India. Heart transplant cost in Kolkata is at affordable and competitive rates. The overall cost of the heart transplant surgery is also reduced at these cities because they are metropolitan cities and it will not be difficult to find accommodation that is affordable for the patient’s relatives or friends who come with the patient. The hospital stay is a bit long after the heart transplant surgery, but the cost can be reduced by choosing an appropriate ward while residing in the hospital.

What is the cost of LVAD (Left Ventricular Assist Device) in India?

The cost of the Left Ventricular Assist Device in India is available for as low as rupees Rs 30 lakh or USD 45000 in India. This special price is only for the made in India brand of Left Ventricular Assist Device in India while in the USA it costs around $726,200 which is much more.

The heart transplant cost in Chennai is reduced because of the usage of the Left Ventricular Assist Device which is made in India. The Left Ventricular Assist Device is a very important device that helps the body receive fresh blood. The Left Ventricular Assist Device is essentially a mechanical heart that does the function of the pumping of the blood that the heart does. This device will reduce the heart transplant cost in Mumbai as well.

The Left Ventricular Assist Device is typically used in a patient who needs a mechanical heart when he or she is waiting for receiving a fresh and viable heart for transplant. As we know that we cannot survive without the heart for even a short time, the mechanical device called the Left Ventricular Assist Device is surgically implanted into the patient. In many cases, the Left Ventricular Assist Device is removed if a new heart is available for transplant.  

What is the health care infrastructure of India / Why should opt for India as a destination for your medical treatment?
India is a large country with a rapidly expanding system of healthcare. Like many other countries, there are public and private hospitals in India. This also includes healthcare at three levels.
  • The primary level of healthcare includes Sub Centres and Primary Health Centres.
  • At the secondary level are District Hospitals and smaller Sub-District hospitals. These are the first referral units, mostly from the primary healthcare centres.
  • Finally, the top level of health care provided is the tertiary level, which consists of Medical Colleges and Specialized Hospitals.
Since India boasts of housing a large number of people, the requirement for good healthcare and treatment in India is always there. And this also means prompt delivery of the service. Most of the treatment in India has to be offered at reasonable costs to enable people of all classes to access it. Hence, you can be assured that this country will be a great destination for your medical treatment whichever hospital in India you wish to choose.
What are the conditions of the hospitals in India? Are they JCI certified? What is the quality of the support staff in the hospitals?
The Joint Commission International (JCI) is a global leader in health care accreditation. JCI accreditation is considered a gold standard in worldwide health care. It provides the most skilled and experienced healthcare professionals in the medical industry, as evaluators of the rigorous international standards in healthcare quality and patient safety.
Here are some JCI certified hospitals in India:
  • Fortis Escorts Health Institutes, Delhi
  • Columbia Asia Referral Hospital, Bangalore
  • Fortis Hospital, Bangalore
  • Apollo Hospital, Chennai
  • Sri Ramachandra Medical Center, Chennai
  • Ahalia Foundation Eye Hospital, Kerala
  • Rajagiri Hospital, Kochi
  • Asian Heart Institute, Mumbai
  • Fortis Hospital, Mumbai
  • Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai
  • SevenHills Hospitals, Mumbai
  • Apex Heart Institute (A Unit Of TCVS Pvt)
  • Apollo Gleneagles Hospitals, Kolkata.
  • Fortis Hospitals Ltd, Mulund, Mumbai
  • Narayana Multispeciality Hospital Jaipur (A Unit of Narayana Hrudayalaya Ltd.)
Hospitals in India are ever-changing to accommodate more people with up to date technology. Hospitals in India also attract patients from other countries because of their diverse range of services. Apart from allopathy and conventional treatment procedures, the government of India, along with the hospitals in India also promote alternative medical treatment options like Ayurveda, homeopathy, and yoga. All in all, you will find great options for any kind of treatment in India.
Are the doctors/surgeons in India of the best quality?
Doctors and surgeons in India have to get through examinations and continue to uphold the standard of education that is provided to them. Since doctors get exposure to various patients during their course, they are able to diagnose and treat a wide range of diseases and illnesses. Therefore, one can rely on the doctors of India for their medical services.
What is the process for obtaining a medical visa in India?
The e-Medical Visa for India is an online travel authorization for foreign nationals who wish to seek medical treatment in the country. A medical Indian visa allows the holder to enter the country 3 times.

The e-Medical visa is a short term visa granted for medical treatment reasons. This type of visa is only granted to the patient and not to their family members.

Foreign nationals can acquire an India e-Medical visa by filling in an online application form. This simple process can be done from the comfort of the traveler’s home or office, avoiding a trip to an embassy or consulate.

Applicants must submit their basic personal information, including their full name, nationality, and date of birth. They must also provide a contact email address and phone number as well as their passport details. Finally, some security questions must be answered.

The form is quick and easy to fill out. The approved India medical visa is then delivered to the applicant’s email address within a few business days.
What support services does MediGence provide in India?
MediGence enables you to plan and manage your medical decisions better. These are some of our services offered:
  • Expert Opinion
    We help you seek an Expert Opinion on your diagnosis and treatment from an experienced team of doctors at MediGence and specialists from a reputable hospital.
  • Hospital Recommendation
    We recommend a hospital or a healthcare institution that is best suited for you, based on your ailment and its criticality.
  • 360-degree Hospital Review
    We give you a transparent and holistic view of the hospital and its infrastructure, accreditation, facilities, and expertise to give you confidence.
  • Doctor Validation and Communication
    We share a comprehensive profile of the treating doctor and also arrange a call to clear queries regarding treatment if needed.
  • Options to Choose From
    Based on your choice of destination and other preferences, we provide you multiple options with respect to hospitals and doctors to choose from.
  • 24X7 Patient Care Support
    A dedicated patient case manager stays in constant touch with you to help you at every step of the decision-making process and resolve queries that you may have.
  • Transparent Treatment Cost and Other Expenses
    We give a clear and accurate indication of the total cost of treatment including treatment, stay, meals, and other expenses.
  • Visa Assistance
    We provide and help prepare documentation for visa approval and coordinate with the embassy to expedite the visa process.
  • Accommodation Arrangements
    We propose to you a choice of accommodation based on your preference such as long stay, short stay, or luxury properties.
Which are the best cities in India for medical treatment?
India is a beautiful country spread across the vast expanse of the Asian subcontinent. Most of the metro cities have hospitals, in India, with varying levels of infrastructure. Depending on your need and medical service, you can visit your choice of city.
The capital of India is Delhi and has many renowned hospitals like the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Max Super speciality Hospital Fortis Hospitals, etc.
Other cities offering effective medical care include Bangalore, Chennai, Mumbai, and Hyderabad. These cities come under some of the major metro cities of India.

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