What is macula and macular degeneration?
Macula is the yellowish oval area surrounding the retina of the eye, and it is the finest part where images are received. Degeneration of the macula occurs mostly at the age of 60, and hence, it is termed as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Patients experiencing macular degeneration may not experience total blindness, but they may lose most of their central vision. The symptoms observed in this condition are the need for brighter light while reading, difficulty recognizing faces, decreased intensity of colors, etc.
Macular degeneration is mainly associated with aging. However, other factors such as smoking, hereditary, sedentary life style also cause macular degeneration.
What are the types of macular degeneration?
There are two types of macular degeneration. Each have different macular degeneration symptoms and are diagnosed with the help og macular degeneration test.
Dry AMD- It is the most common form of eye disease, and it is the early-intermediate stage of macular degeneration. The patients may experience slight vision changes; however, they may not notice the symptoms.
Wet AMD- It is the most severe form of macular degeneration that leads to complete vision loss. This occurs due to abnormal growth of blood vessels beneath retina and macula which leads to the destruction of healthy cells. It is proved that nearly 10% of people with macular degeneration have this type of AMD. If you have Wet AMD, macular degeneration symptoms may include seeing wavy lines, or dark spots throughout the day.
Juvenile MD- In some cases, macular degeneration can also affect young people, a condition called as juvenile macular degeneration. Scarring of macula is seen in such patients.
There is no special macular degeration treatment for dry AMD as it does not have any effect on side vision and it does not cause total blindness. But the progression of the disease can be prevented by a healthy lifestyle. It is proved that taking specific high-dose formulation of antioxidants and zinc decreases the risk of advanced AMD and the vision loss.
But in some cases, when the patients have advanced dry macular degeneration, Surgery can be done to implant a telescopic lens in one eye. This helps in improving both distance and close-up vision.
Some macular degeneration treatment options help slow down vision loss associated with wet AMD. These include:
It is used to destroy abnormal blood vessels within the retina. A high beam of light is directed onto the blood vessels to destroy them. This treatment is effective in slowing vision loss in patients who have developed new blood vessels away from the cornea.
injections are prescribed to prevent abnormal blood vessels. Over expression of VEGF can cause vascular disease in the retina of the eye; which is inhibited by the anti- VEGF drugs that control or slow those diseases. Drugs which are classified as anti-VEGF drugs include aflibercept, bevacizumab, and ranibizumab.
This involves laser treatment for selected areas of the retina. Your physician administers a drug called verteporfin into the vein of your arm. The drug travels the blood vessels and is absorbed by new blood vessels. Then, a low-power laser light is applied to the newly grown blood vessels; which activates the drug present in the blood vessels.
Once activated, the drug slows the growth of new blood vessels and slows the rate of vision loss.
The physician will prescribe eye drops to keep your eyes moisturized after the macular degeneration treatment. This also helps in preventing the infection after surgery. It takes nearly three to six weeks to heal after the AMD treatment.
Laser therapy damages some of the nerve cells in the macula which may cause vision loss.
The cost of Macular Degeneration Surgery in Tunisia may differ from one medical facility to the other. The Macular Degeneration Surgery package cost usually includes all the expenses related to pre and post surgery expenses of the patient. Typically, the package cost of Macular Degeneration Surgery in Tunisia includes the expenses related to the surgeon's fee, anesthesia, hospital, meals, nursing and ICU stay. Extended hospital stay, complications after the surgery or new diagnosis may affect the overall cost of Macular Degeneration Surgery in Tunisia.
There are many hospitals across the country that offer Macular Degeneration Surgery to international patients. The following are some of the most renowned hospitals for Macular Degeneration Surgery in Tunisia:
After discharge from the hospital, the patient has to stay for another 14 days in the country for complete recovery. This time frame is important to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient is fit to fly back.
While Tunisia is considered to be one of the best destinations for Macular Degeneration Surgery owing to the standard of Hospitals, and expertise of doctors; there are a select few destinations which provide comparable quality of healthcare for the procedure Some of the other destinations that are popular for Macular Degeneration Surgery include the following:
|Saudi Arabia||USD 2000|
|United Kingdom||USD 1100|
Apart from the cost of Macular Degeneration Surgery, the patient is also required to pay additionally for daily meals and guest house accommodation. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
Some of the cpopular cities in Tunisia that offer Macular Degeneration Surgery include the following:
The patient is supposed to stay at the hospital for about 1 days after Macular Degeneration Surgery for monitoring and care. During the recovery, the patient is carefully monitored and control tests are performed to see that everything is okay. If required, physiotherapy sessions are also planned during recovery in hospital.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer Macular Degeneration Surgery in Tunisia. Such hospitals have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. These hospitals comply with all the rules and regulations as dictated by the regulatory bodies and medical association in Tunisia
Some of the best medical specialists for Macular Degeneration Surgery in Tunisia are:
The most popular multispecialty hospitals in Tunisia are:
It is widely known that hospitals and clinics in Tunisia function with unmatched service delivery and bring a personal touch to the treatment of patients. The multispecialty hospitals in Tunisia diagnose conditions, even complex health conditions and treat them with finesse and efficiency. The world class infrastructure in the healthcare institutions such as hospitals and clinics in Tunisia are a good reason for you to opt for treatment in Tunisia.
The cutting edge infrastructure of the healthcare institutions in Tunisia is a good reason for you to opt for healthcare in Tunisia. You must choose to get your healthcare from Tunisia as the hospitals and clinics here are composed of really qualified and skilled medical, paramedical and administrative professionals. You can choose to get healthcare from Tunisia because of the lower costs, lesser waiting times and an all embracing approach to healthcare right from consultation to treatment follow ups or rehabilitation. You must opt for your healthcare in Tunisia because of the high cleanliness standards of the hospitals and clinics in Tunisia and the safe and secure environment of the country.
When it comes to performing procedures effectively, the doctors in Tunisia are able to do so with great results as their long term practical training and vast experience enables them to function well under pressure for long hours. The doctors in Tunisia strive to learn throughout their career; therefore, they are highly educated and continue to upgrade their knowledge and qualifications as they practise medicine and treat patients successfully. The doctors in Tunisia are not just well educated and experienced but good managers. This becomes especially relevant when as a patient you find they are in charge as they liaison with doctors, healthcareprofessionals and as the head of the team that is treating you. The doctors in Tunisia are great at leading medical, surgical teams and are experienced in liaising with doctors and healthcare professionals giving you the confidence as a patient that you are in good hands.
Please find here the list of essential documents that must be with you on your medical travel to Tunisia:
Your travel itinerary and the medical treatment procedure should be covered with the complete set of documents so that you can travel to Tunisia and get treated with ease. The Government of Tunisia is now introducing an online visa application process which would ease your medical travel preparation to Tunisia. An essential document for your medical travel to Tunisia, the medical visa would now be easier to get with the introduction of a more seamless online visa application process.
We bring to you the popular procedures being performed in Tunisia.:
It is no wonder that Spine and Orthopaedic procedures are giving the edge to the medical travel industry in Tunisia. The advanced Breast Cancer treatment is making sure that a lot of medical travellers are heading to Tunisia to get a new lease of health and life. Fibroid removal surgery, a gynecological procedure is in a lot of demand in Tunisia, and brings in a lot of medical tourists to Tunisia.
It is mandatory to take vaccinations before going to Tunisia and we are listing the important ones here.
The CDC: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US agency and WHO: World Health Organisation, a UN body have suggested two kinds of vaccinations for your medical travel to Tunisia, the recommended travel and routine vaccines. There are vaccines that are only suggested for certain potential health hazards such as Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Typhoid and Rabies and then there are other vaccines which you must be up to date at any time before traveling to Tunisia. There are certain vaccines which you must be up to date with at all times and then there are vaccines which are for specific health hazards and to be used conditionally such as for Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Typhoid and Rabies.
There are many additional facilities provided by the hospitals in Tunisia which enhance your medical travel experience. We have listed here the many additional facilities that the hospitals in Tunisia give the medical tourists.
As an international patient availing any treatment option in Tunisia, you can avail virtual consultations before you begin your treatment and virtual post procedure evaluations and follow ups as well. There are various extra facilities for patients and their co travellers in the hospitals in Tunisia such as prayer rooms (for spiritual patients), physiotherapists and dietitians.
The potential of Tunisia as a world class medical tourism destination is because of the synergy of the tourist attractions in its many governorates with the outstanding healthcare infrastructure available. There are several good medical tourism hotspots in Tunisia and they are listed below:
Tunisia ranks 38 among the 46 global destinations on the 2020-2021 Medical Tourism Index owing in no small measure to its liberal economy, strong healthcare focus, close ties with European union, Arab countries and a booming tourism industry. The warm hospitality, easy visa norms, good healthcare at affordable prices together make Tunisia a major medical tourism destination.
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