Cornea transplant surgery is also known as keratoplasty. It is a common surgery and has a good amount of success rate as well. Cornea transplant is required for people who have their corneal tissue damaged due to scarring or bruises. This affects the normal vision, which cannot be further corrected with the help of lens or medication. The cornea can swell thus resulting in distorted vision and it can grow painful, thus destroying the tissue gradually.
The following are some of the reasons why cornea replacement surgery may be required:
Cornea transplant surgery involves the replacement of the diseased cornea with a healthy cornea from a donor and it is performed commonly. However, there are some risks of rejection that would always be there. A corneal transplant is a surgery conducted to replace the cornea with a tissue retrieved from a donor. It is one of the most common types of transplants done. The cornea mainly comprises of five layers and it is not always necessary that all the layers are transplanted during the surgery.
In case of full thickness cornea transplant, all the 5 layers of the recipient are replaced with the healthy corneal layers of the donor. Lamellar cornea transplant includes only transplanting some of the layers of a donor’s cornea in the recipient patient’s corneal layers. The layers that are transplanted in this kind of surgery may include the deepest layer, which is known as the endothelium and this is generally known as the posterior lamellar cornea transplant. Some of the included procedures of this type of transplant include Descemet’s Stripping Automated
Endothelial Keratoplasty (DSAEK) or Descemet’s Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty (DMEK). It may also have layers nearer to the surface included, which is referred as anterior lamellar cornea transplant. When only a portion of the cornea is diseased and not the entire cornea, then the lamellar transplants appears to be much more suitable compared to a full penetrating transplant.
Cornea transplant surgery is conducted on an outpatient basis, wherein the patient can leave the hospital on the same day of the surgery. In the pre-op or the waiting area, the patient is prepared for the surgery by giving medications, which would relax the patient.
A needle is attached to a tubing, which aids in delivering medications and fluids throughout the procedure to the vein of the patient. Electro leads are attached to the patient’s chest to have the performance of heart monitored at all stages. The above are some of the standard safety precautions.
Depending upon the condition of the patient, local or general anaesthesia may be administered before the surgery. Some of the determining factors can be age, length of the surgery, levels of anxiety of the patients, general health of the patient, and of course, the doctor’s choice. This should be discussed with the patient before the operation.
Once in the operating room, the patient’s eyelids are washed gently and carefully and then it is covered with plastic sterile drapes. Through a plastic tube, oxygen can be occasionally supplied somewhere close to the nose where the tube is placed. Most patients doze off during the procedure, while others may remain slightly conscious.
The instrument used to scrape off the part of the cornea is a circular cookie-like cutter instrument, which is called a trephine. It is employed to have the center of the diseased cornea removed. Next, a button-sized similar portion is cut from the cornea of the donor. With the help of nylon sutures, the tissue of the donor’s cornea is sewn in the recipient’s eye in the already cut section.
The sutures are employed in corneal transplant and they are composed of monofilament nylon and are very tiny, almost one-third the thickness of human hair. The patterns of suturing can be different, depending upon the choices of the surgeon and their training and also on the specific problem that is being addressed. In certain cases, 16 individual (interrupted) sutures can be used, while for others, continuous or running sutures can be used that closely resemble the hemstitch. A combination of both can be used and the results obtained are more or less similar.
With the conclusion of the surgery, a patch along with a shield is applied to the eye for protection. Now the patient is taken to the recovery room, wherein some of the parameters of the body are monitored and the patient is allowed to recover and get back to his or her senses before being discharged off.
The cornea has no blood supply, hence the healing of the procedure is slow. Sutures are kept for 3 to 12 months and if the vision is found to be really good, then they are kept in place. They do not cause any discomfort since they are buried but if they break, then their removal is required. At other times, the sutures can loosen. The removal of the sutures is a painless and simple procedure.
Immediately after a cornea transplant, the patients may experience pain, which can be relieved with medications such as Tylenol. The eye will remain patched until the healing of the epithelium is not completed. The surgeon checks immediately after the day of the surgery and advises whether it should be worn any longer or not.
Eye drops should be administered as prescribed and strenuous activities should be avoided for a few weeks. A pair of glass must be worn for a duration recommended by the surgeon. Watching the television does not cause any discomfort to the eyes. However, contact the surgeon if you experience discomfort in the eye or pain as soon as possible.
The average cost of Cornea Transplant in Turkey starts from USD 6000 In Turkey, Cornea Transplant is conducted across many multispecialty hospitals.
Cornea Transplant package cost in Turkey has different inclusions and exclusions. The top hospitals for Cornea Transplant in Turkey covers all the expenses related to the pre-surgery investigations of the candidate. Typically, the package cost of Cornea Transplant in Turkey includes the expenses related to the surgeon's fee, anesthesia, hospital, meals, nursing and ICU stay. There are many things that may increase the cost of Cornea Transplant in Turkey, including prolonged hospital stay and complications after the procedure.
There are many hospitals that perform Cornea Transplant in Turkey. The following are some of the most renowned hospitals for Cornea Transplant in Turkey:
After Cornea Transplant in Turkey, the patient is supposed to stay in guest house for another 21 days. This is important to ensure that the surgery was successful. During this time, control and follow-up tests take place to check for medical fitness.
While Turkey is considered to be one of the best destinations for Cornea Transplant owing to the standard of Hospitals, and expertise of doctors; there are a select few destinations which provide comparable quality of healthcare for the procedure Some of the other destinations that are popular for Cornea Transplant include the following:
There are certain additional cost that the patient has to pay apart from the Cornea Transplant cost. The per day extra expenses in Turkey per person are about USD 50 per person.
There are many cities that offer Cornea Transplant in Turkey, including the following:
The patient has to spend about 1 days in the hospital after Cornea Transplant for proper recovery and to get clearance for discharge. The patient is subjected to several biochemistry and radiological scans to see that everything is okay and the recovery is on track. After making sure that patient is clinically stable, discharge is planned.
The average rating for Cornea Transplant hospitals in Turkey is 3.6. This rating is automatically calculated on the basis of several parameters such as the infrastructure of the hospital, quality of services, nursing support and other services.
There are more than 22 hospitals that offer Cornea Transplant in Turkey. These clinics have proper infrastructure for the treatment of patients who require Cornea Transplant. These hospitals comply with all the rules and regulations as dictated by the regulatory bodies and medical association in Turkey
Turkey has been globally recognized as a therapeutic center, where patients get world-class treatments at reasonable costs. The country has a large pool of world-class multispecialty hospitals that offer unmatched medical treatments with high success rates and can deal with more than one specialty and offer all kinds of surgeries. Most of the hospitals have received accreditations from global platforms which ensure that the hospitals not only perform evidence based practices but also give importance to access, affordability, efficiency, quality and effectiveness of healthcare. The best multispecialty hospitals in Turkey are:
Joint Commission International (JCI) is the major healthcare accrediting body in Turkey. All the accredited hospitals in Turkey are bound to ensure top quality medical care and adhere to international standards set by the accreditation body. The standards set a benchmark for quality assurance by hospitals. The standards require continuous monitoring of critical events and a comprehensive corrective action plan for ensuring quality.
People opt for healthcare in Turkey because of the excellent healthcare infrastructure like hospitals, clinics, and health centers. Low consultation fee, low-cost medical treatments, and cheap medicines are some other factors which contribute to the popularity of medical tourism in Turkey. Hospitals and healthcare centers in Turkey meet Western standards of healthcare. Most doctors trained in America and Europe prefer to practice and take up their residency in Turkey.
Turkey houses the best doctors in the world who strive to ensure quality medical care and complete patient satisfaction. The highly qualified doctors have been educated at premier educational institutions where they have rigorous training. They have strong subject knowledge and their skill set and area of expertise are vast. Board-certified doctors in Turkey ensure that they provide top-quality care to their patients.
You need to carry several documents when traveling to Turkey for medical treatment, such as medical History, passport copies, residence/ driver’s license/ bank statement/ details of Health insurance, test reports, records, doctor referral notes. Packing is important when it comes traveling to another country for medical treatment.Packing is important when it comes traveling to another country for medical treatment. Make a list of all the essential things you might need during your stay in Turkey. The required documents also depend on your destination, so check with the concerned authority if any extra items needed.
A large number of medical tourists visit Turkey every year to avail popular procedures, such as:
The reasons for the popularity of these procedures in Turkey are affordable cost and a high success rate. Most hospitals in Turkey offer world-class treatments in almost every therapeutic areas. Hospitals in Turkey are equipped with the most advanced medical technology and highly experienced doctors, making the country the best destination for availing popular procedures.
Ankara, Istanbul, and Antalya are some of the most popular medical tourist destinations in Turkey. These cities offers world-class services to global medical tourists who visit the country. These cities are considered the best destinations for medical treatment in Turkey due to many other reasons, such as cheap accommodation, best infrastructure, transportation facilities, and a wide range of food options. With cities full of history and mesmerizing sandy beaches, Turkey has always been a popular tourist destination.
Hospitals in Turkey offer world-class facilities to international patients to ensure safety and comfort throughout their stay in Turkey. Hospitals in Turkey offer all necessary facilities, such as visa assistance, travel arrangements, airport transfers, coordination of all medical appointments, accommodations for patients and companions, international staff translators, shopping and recreational options, Internet with wi-fi, mobile sim cards, lockers, and multiple food options. Hospitals in Turkey help international patients at all stages of their treatment journey, right from queries, preparations for their travel, arrival, visit of the hospital, and follow-up care.
Yes, the hospitals in Turkey accept health insurance. In case you have any health insurance plan that is internationally valid, inform the hospital about it. You need to check with your insurance company in your country whether the procedure you want to avail is covered at the hospital in Turkey. The hospital will request the Guarantee of Payment from the insurance directly to commence your treatment cashless if it is an approved insurance provider.
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