The surgical procedure to remove all the breast tissues from a person’s breast partially or completely in order to prevent or treat breast cancer is known as Mastectomy.
Usually, there are two ways to cure breast cancer, the first one is Mastectomy could be one option for treating breast cancer for people who are still in the early stages of it. The second option is Lumpectomy or Breast-Conserving surgery in which only the tumor gets removed instead of removing the complete breast.
Deciding between the two namely mastectomy and lumpectomy is a difficult decision. Because both the methods are almost equally effective in preventing the recurrence of breast cancer. The latest techniques of mastectomy are able to preserve the skin of the breast that enables the appearance of the breast to be more natural after the procedure. This type of mastectomy is also called skin-sparing mastectomy.
The mastectomy could be the treatment option concerning several kinds of breast cancer, such as:
People with the following conditions are the ideal candidate.
Factors affecting the mastectomy cost include:
Mastectomy refers to the partial or complete surgical removal of one or both the breasts. This surgery is most often indicated for breast cancer.
A lump in the breast or armpits is one of the earliest signs of breast cancer. It can cause a change in the shape, size, or color of the breast or nipple. Nipple tenderness, inward folding of the nipple, discharge from the nipple, and orange peel appearance of the skin of the breast are the other signs of breast cancer. Patients who observe any of the above-mentioned signs must see their physician immediately.
Your physician may recommend you to undergo a partial or full mastectomy in the following conditions:
Additionally, if you have a family history of breast cancer or deleterious mutation of BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 genes, you are advised preventive mastectomy.
Three types of mastectomy surgeries can be performed in the patients, depending on the extent of the tumor as determined by the CT scan and mammography reports.
This type of mastectomy is carried out when the tumor is small and the surrounding lymph nodes are not infiltrated by the tumor cells. When mastectomy is conducted on both the breast, it is known as double mastectomy. This is also used in cases of invasive ductal carcinoma.
Step 1: Surgical incision at the site of tumor in the breast or breasts or invasive ductal carcinoma (in the case of double mastectomy)
Step 2: Retraction of the intervening tissue
Step 3: Resection of a tumor along with some normal tissue
Step 4: Establishment of drainage
Step 5: Surgical closure of the wound
This procedure is performed when the tumor is large and involves a few lymph nodes.
Step 1: Surgical incision across the nipple
Step 2: Retraction of the intervening tissue
Step 3: Resection of the tumor along with some normal tissue
Step 4: Resection of lymph nodes into which the tumor cells drain (sentinel biopsy)
Step 5: Establishment of drainage
Step 6: Surgical closure of the wound
This procedure is carried out when the tumor is extensive and involves all the lymph nodes and muscles of the breast.
Step 1: Surgical incision across the breast
Step 2: Retraction of the breast tissue
Step 3: Resection of a tumor, muscle and connective tissue of the breast
Step 4: Resection of all the lymph nodes of that side of the body
Step 5: Establishment of drainage
Step 6: Surgical closure of the wound
Apart from the above three procedures, there is lumpectomy (removal of just the lump along with some of the surrounding tissue) and subcutaneous mastectomy (nipple and skin tissue are not removed).
As the anesthetic effect starts to wear off, you may start experiencing pain. Analgesics are administered through an intravenous line for the first two days after the anesthetic effect wears-off. In the case of a simple breast cancer mastectomy, the drainage tubes are removed in the immediate post-operative period. They are retained for two days if you undergo a radical mastectomy. Any signs of inflammation or redness should be immediately reported, as it may indicate infection.
Initially, clear fluid diet is given during the recovery period and then this is slowly progressed to solid food. You should take sponge baths until the incision heals to prevent the occurrence of an infection. You may keep the arms elevated to prevent the accumulation of fluid in the breast cavity. The hospital stay for radical mastectomy is one to two days. The complete recovery may take up to six weeks.
The cost of Mastectomy in South Africa starts from $9500. COHSASA are just some of the accreditations which top hospitals in South Africa hold where a Mastectomy is conducted.
The Mastectomy package cost in South Africa varies from one hospital to another and may offer different benefits. The top hospitals for Mastectomy in South Africa covers all the expenses related to the pre-surgery investigations of the candidate. The Mastectomy cost in South Africa includes the cost of anesthesia, medicines, hospitalization and the surgeon's fee. Post-surgical complications, new findings and delayed recovery may have an impact on the total Mastectomy cost in South Africa.
Upon discharge from the hospital after Mastectomy in South Africa, the patients are advised to stay for about 21 days for recovery. This period is important to conduct all the follow-up tests to ensure that the surgery was successful and the patient can go back to the home country.
One of the topmost destinations for Mastectomy is South Africa. It has a variety of accredited hospital, affordable cost of treatment and some of the best medical fraternity. Some of such countries are:
|Saudi Arabia||USD 9500|
|South Africa||USD 9500|
|South Korea||USD 9500|
|United Arab Emirates||USD 9000|
There are certain additional cost that the patient has to pay apart from the Mastectomy cost. The per day cost in this case may start from USD 50 per person.
The following are some of the best cities for Mastectomy in South Africa:
The patient is supposed to stay at the hospital for about 3 days after Mastectomy for monitoring and care. The patient is subjected to several biochemistry and radiological scans to see that everything is okay and the recovery is on track. After making sure that patient is clinically stable, discharge is planned.
The average rating for Mastectomy hospitals in South Africa is 2.9. Several parameters such as hospital infrastructure, pricing policy, quality of services, politeness of staff etc. contribute to the rating.
There are more than 2 hospitals that offer Mastectomy in South Africa. The above mentioned hospitals have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Such hospitals follow all legal protocols and guidelines as specified by the local medical affairs body when it comes to the treatment of international patients.
Some of the world-class multispecialty hospitals in South Africa are:
Below are some of the parameters which reflect the quality of these hospitals:
The hospitals are bound to provide quality treatment as the government of South Africa has framed strict healthcare rules to ensure there is no quality lapse. The patient-centric hospitals are equipped with superior infrastructure, high-tech medical equipment, and highly trained and qualified doctors, providing a unique patient experience.
In South Africa, the healthcare system is bound to follow standards set by the Joint Commission International (JCI) and Council for Health Service Accreditation of Southern Africa (COHSASA). COHSASA develops and evaluates standards in all areas and departments of a healthcare facility in order to make sure that integrated and coordinated care is provided. The SafeCare program launched by COHSASA, JCI, and SafeCare Foundation ensures the implementation of internationally recognized standards to improve health care delivery. The accreditation bodies ensure that the hospitals are consistent in delivering quality care, so, initially, they grant accreditation to hospitals and clinics only for 2 years which gets extended if the quality is maintained.
South Africa is gaining global attention for medical tourism due to affordable treatment costs and world-class infrastructure. South Africa has become the epicenter of medical tourism because of several other reasons like advanced technology, several facilities provided by hospitals, doctors trained abroad, and a large pool of accredited hospitals. South Africa’s recent advancement in stem cell therapy has made it one of the most preferred countries for seeking advanced medical treatment. You get comprehensive treatment at world-class hospitals which assist you with all organization and administrative tasks and also provide you all-inclusive care and assistance on a 24/7 basis.
The doctors in South Africa strive to provide quality treatment utilizing their deep subject knowledge and hands-on experience in handling various complex cases. Most of the doctors in South Africa are trained in foreign countries like Cuba and Australia which orientate them towards quality health care. The doctors have reported a high success rate in dental procedures and fertility treatments. The high quality of doctors in the country is attributed to factors like their patient-centric approach, incorporation of the human touch in treatment, education at reputed colleges, and adherence to global standards.
You can avail a medical visa to South Africa and stay in the country for 90 days to seek treatment. Further extension of the duration of the stay is decided by the High Commission of the country where the patient belongs from. People must apply for a temporary residency permit if they require medical treatment for longer than three months. A visa becomes valid the day it is issued by the High Commission and not on the date of departure. Also, an application for a visa is not be accepted more than 30 days before departure. You need to produce the below documents to apply for a medical visa:
South Africa is known to offer some procedures with high success rates, such as total knee replacement, meniscus repairs, hip replacement, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Besides offering these popular procedures, South Africa also attracts many medical tourists for cosmetic surgery and infertility treatment. Fertility treatment through egg donation has seen a high success rate in South Africa wherein a person can opt for a surgical or non-surgical procedure, with quite low waiting times. People select South Africa to avail these procedures due to several reasons, such as world-class hospitals with superior infrastructure and highly-skilled doctors, fast recovery, and use of cutting-edge medical technology.
The top-ranked cities that are most preferred by medical tourists in South Africa are Cape Town, Johannesburg, Pretoria, and Durban. Cape Town a major tourist attraction that has a rich culture, world-class doctors, and modern health facilities. The reasons for the popularity of these cities are multiple food options, connectivity through airlines, and cheap accommodation. Johannesburg’s public and private healthcare sectors work in coordination with South Africa's medical schools to produce internationally recognized medical specialists and the city’s medical care quality matches with that of Great Britain.
Yes, vaccination is compulsory before visiting South Africa. The vaccines recommended by WHO and the National Travel Health Network and Centre are Rabies and tetanus, hepatitis B, typhoid, cholera, Yellow fever, hepatitis A. Infants of 6 to 11 months old are at greater risk of contracting measles, so they must get MMR vaccine before travelling to South Africa. Typhoid vaccine is recommended for most travellers, especially those staying with friends or relatives or visiting smaller cities or rural areas. You can connect with your doctor or the hospital in South Africa for the required vaccines. Also, refer to the travel advisory issued by the government.
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