The last part of the gastrointestinal system is referred to as the colon and it is 5-6 cm long. It is ‘U’ shaped and it starts from the distal part of the small intestine and is connected to the rectum and anus. It absorbs the fluids, processes the metabolic waste products, and eliminates through the rectum and anus. The removal of the colon is called colectomy.
There are different types of colectomies such as complete colectomy, right hemicolectomy, left hemicolectomy, sigmoid colectomy, and proctocolectomy. The surgical removal of the left side of the colon (descending colon) is called left hemicolectomy surgery.
Colectomy in India
India has emerged as a medical tourism hub as it offers some of the medical facilities in the world. India produces some of the finest physicians and surgeons, with outstanding in-country teaching hospitals and research centers. Colon cancer treatment in India has amassed with many years of experience and expertise. Most of the hospitals have a unification of some of the finest oncologists, latest equipment and a team using the best surgical procedures, radiation, chemotherapy, and hormonal therapy.