People from all age groups can get affected by ear disorders and hearing impairment problems. In the United States, a survey revealed that under the age of 65, over 60 per cent of the population suffers from problems related to hearing loss. However, almost 25 per cent of people aged above 65 experience a significant loss of hearing. Thankfully, different types of ENT surgeries are available to treat problems related to the ear.
Most often, people are diagnosed with problems related to the eardrum, or tympanum, and the infection in the cells of the mastoid bone. The tympanum is the thin membranous structure present between the outer and the middle ear. It vibrates when sound waves hit on it and this enables us to hear.
A repair surgery called tympanoplasty is required to treat a perforation or hole in the eardrum. The middle ear is sterile but due to rupture of the eardrum, an infection can also occur. It may also be required for repairing of tiny bones present behind the eardrum or ossicles in the mastoid bone. This repair is known as mastoidectomy.
Tympanoplasty and mastoidectomy are therefore conducted together in many cases. This procedure is known as tympano-mastoidectomy.
There are several reasons that may cause loss of hearing, including the following:
An ear infection that has grown very severe and left untreated for long
The injury suffered by the ear
Ear subjected to excessive levels of noise
Hearing loss as a result of age
Some of the common symptoms of a puncture in eardrum include the following:
Sharp pain in the ear that disappears abruptly
Excessive pressure, which will suddenly disappear with the rupture and pus formation in the ear
Loss of hearing
Type 1 tympanoplasty or myringoplasty is the surgery that ensures restoration of the eardrum that got perforated with drafting
Type II tympanoplasty addresses membrane perforations with erosion in the bone malleus. Grafting is done on the incus bone or in the remains of the malleus.
Type III tympanoplasty is meant for destruction of two ossicles and intact and mobile stapes bone. A graft is placed on the stapes and it provides protection for the total assembly.
Type IV tympanoplasty is useful for cases of ossicular destruction, which has all or part of the arch of stapes included. A graft is placed around the mobile stapes footplate
Type V tympanoplasty is useful when the footplate of the stapes bone is fixed.
For treating Cholesteatoma, tympanoplasty can be combined with stapedectomy and mastoidectomy and in many cases, a second operation is required to ensure the infection is totally eradicated.
The tympanoplasty surgery is performed with intravenous sedation and local anaesthesia. An incision is made into the ear canal section and from the bony ear canal, the remaining eardrum is elevated and lifted forward. Under the operating microscope, the ear structures can be seen clearly. An incision behind the ear is made if the hole is very large or far forward. It ensures that the entire outer ear is forwarded, giving better access to the perforation.
The perforated remnant part is rotated forward after the hole is exposed and now the ossicles are inspected. Scar tissue and bands can surround the bones and they are removed with a laser or micro hooks. Now the ossicular chain is pressed to check its mobility and functionality. If it is found to be mobile, then the rest of the surgery aims at repairing the defect of the drum.
From the tragus, which is the cartilaginous lobe of skin in front of the ear, or from the back of the ear,
If the bones in the ear suffer from erosion, then ossicular reconstruction is advised. At times it can be determined before surgery but in other cases, erosion is visible only when the ear is completely opened under the microscope. The reconstruction can happen at the time of the eardrum construction. Bone erosion can happen at the tip of the incus or anvil. A discontinuity between stapes and the incus has to be resolved.
A small piece of bone or cartilage can be inserted from some other part of the body of the patient if the gap between the two cones mentioned above is small. But if the gap is large, then the anvil bone is removed and remodelled to give a shape of a tooth with the help of the operating microscope. After reshaping the prosthesis, it is placed between the malleus and the stapes and ossicular chain continuity is then re-established.
In some other ossicular construction, the malleus can get fixated by bony ingrowth or scar tissue to the ear’s lateral wall. The plastic-type or
Usually, a patient is discharged within two to three hours of the surgery. Along with a mild pain reliever, some antibiotics are also administered. After 10 days, the patient is again expected to visit so that packing can be removed and graft success can be checked.
Patients are advised to keep water away from the surgical site and avoid blowing of the nose. If the patient is suffering from cold and allergies, then decongestants are prescribed. Within 5 to 6 days, the patients can resume a normal life. After 3 weeks of the surgery, the packing is removed under the operating microscope and at this point, the grafting success can be completely determined.
Care must be taken by the patient to soak the ear canal with antibiotics to keep infection at bay. Shearing forces of excessive tension should not be felt by the graft. The surgeon will advise the patient to avoid activities that alter the tympanic pressure, including using a straw to drink or blowing of the nose. Finally, a hearing test is performed after 4 to 6 weeks of the surgery.
The cost of Tympanoplasty in Hungary may differ from one medical facility to the other. The cost quoted by some of the best hospitals for Tympanoplasty in Hungary generally covers the pre-surgery investigations of the patient. Typically, the package cost of Tympanoplasty in Hungary includes the expenses related to the surgeon's fee, anesthesia, hospital, meals, nursing and ICU stay. A prolonged hospital stay due to delayed recovery, new diagnosis and complications after surgery may increase the cost of Tympanoplasty in Hungary.
There are many hospitals that perform Tympanoplasty in Hungary. For quick reference, the following are some of the leading hospitals for Tympanoplasty in Hungary:
While the speed of recovery may vary from patient to patient, they are still required to stay for about 10 days after discharge. This is important to ensure that the surgery was successful. During this time, control and follow-up tests take place to check for medical fitness.
Hungary is considered to be one of the best places for Tympanoplasty in the world. This is because of the availability of some of the best doctors, advanced medical technology and good hospital infrastructure. Some of the other destinations that are popular for Tympanoplasty include the following:
|United Arab Emirates||USD 5500|
|United Kingdom||USD 4000|
Apart from the Tympanoplasty cost, the patient may have to pay for additional daily expenses such as for guest house after discharge and meals. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
Tympanoplasty in Hungary is offered in almost all metropolitan cities, including the following:
The patient has to spend about 2 days in the hospital after Tympanoplasty for proper recovery and to get clearance for discharge. The patient is subjected to several biochemistry and radiological scans to see that everything is okay and the recovery is on track. After making sure that patient is clinically stable, discharge is planned.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer Tympanoplasty in Hungary. Such hospitals have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Apart from good services, the hospitals are known to follow all standard and legal guidelines as dictated by the local medical affairs body or organization.
The multispecialty hospitals in Hungary are equipped with the latest technologies and the best specialists working day and night to ease the lives of numerous patients everyday. The most sought after hospitals in Hungary are presented here:
The multispecialty hospitals and clinics in Hungary offer all kinds of procedures inclusive of straightforward and complex procedures which is enabled because of the variety of specialties present. In Hungary, the multispecialty hospitals are known for their empathetic approach and willingness to go the extra mile for their patients which leads to high-grade outcomes.
A good number of patients’ lives are becoming healthier with the superior treatment being provided to them by exceptional medical and surgical specialists working with the latest technologies in the multispecialty hospitals in Hungary. The precision in procedures and the excellent care provided to patients in Hungary makes it an attractive place to get healthcare from. The wide research based influence of healthcare providers of Hungary makes this country a natural choice for patients to explore the choicest procedures in the country. The many healthcare providers in Hungary are equivalent of the highest levels of safety and comfort compared to similar medical tourism destinations of the world.
The fact that the doctor community in Hungary is well collaborated with the international community of doctors ensures knowledge sharing and great outcomes. The doctors in Hungary are of good quality as they are committed to self improvement in the rightful application of their knowledge which translates to being educated from the best universities and being skilled. The doctors in Hungary think and plan long term and in doing so make sure that they are up to date with the latest developments in medicine. This in addition to their willingness to work with their fellow medical practitioners ensures that their patients receive the best treatment they deserve. It is the really vast international patient base of doctors in Hungary that gives them the experience of making more patients healthier from different nationalities
The essential documents that you need to carry when you are traveling to Hungary are as follows:
The classification of documents which you must carry on your medical travel to Hungary is on the basis of travel, medical treatment and your finances. The essential documents that you carry with you to Hungary are helpful in making your medical travel journey to Hungary easier and without hassles. You must carry documents as per the checklist so that your medical travel to Hungary is justified and supported by the people in the know and the authorities.
The popular procedures in Hungary are as follows:
It is Orthopaedics which is safely the most successful specialty in Hungary as the most frequently performed procedures are from this branch of medical and surgical specialty. It is the strong healthcare infrastructure in Hungary and the expert specialists that have given the advantage to Hungary when it comes to the immense success of the popular procedures performed in the country. Hungary is making strides in the advanced techniques that are used in executing the popular procedures such as Knee Replacement, Hip Replacement and Shoulder Arthroscopy.
Please visit the doctor atleast a month before your trip to go through the list of required vaccinations and be vaccinated for the ones which are a must. We have outlined below the routine vaccinations that are a must before your travel to Hungary.
Please find below the vaccinations that are differentiated as per age and for people with potential health hazards.
If you wish to reconfirm the vaccinations that your doctor has suggested before your travel to Hungary, please check with WHO or World Health Organisation and CDC or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
There is a long list of additional facilities being given to medical tourists coming to the hospitals in Hungary that enhance the core medical treatment experience they are undergoing. We have listed here for you the several additional facilities that you can get on your visit to a hospital in Hungary:
The online and video consultation provided by hospitals in Hungary for patients in the process of making their treatment decision helps them in a wonderful way. The whole process of two way travel, transfer, accommodation and treatment is streamlined in the multispecialty hospitals in Hungary because of excellent international patient coordination.
The absolutely good service quality and outstanding facilities has led Hungary to a rank of 23 out of 46 world destinations in the 2020-21 Medical Tourism Index. In Hungary, there are many beautiful medical tourism locations, some of which we have listed here for you:
In Hungary, there are places like Csongrad county, Debrecen, Pecs and Szeged which have found a spot as the best medical tourism destination in the country.
Documents needed for Medical treatment (Schengen visa type C) to Hungary are as follows.
There are several countries who do not need the Schengen visa to enter European countries like Hungary, please check before applying if you are from a country which is exempt. There is a basis on which we are presenting the documents to the embassy with our visa application:
It usually takes anywhere around two weeks for your medical visa for Hungary to be processed. The visa is granted for a period of up to 90 days, for a longer stay look for the National Visa for Medical Treatment in Hungary.
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