An atrial septal defect (ASD) is a hole in the wall (septum) between the upper two chambers of the heart, known as atria. It is a congenital defect, that is, the defect is present at the time of the birth.
Some ASDs are extremely small and never cause any trouble. Some may close on their own during infancy or early years after the birth. However, for symptomatic ASDs, people may need treatment during their childhood or adulthood, depending on the severity of the symptoms.
ASDs may also go unnoticed or undiagnosed. However, symptoms such as breathlessness, swelling in the legs, heart palpitations, and heart murmurs can be a sign of ASD. Therefore, it must be repaired then and there.
Atrial septal defects are repaired or treated through following two approaches. The ASD repair cost depends on which of these approaches are applied.
The success rate of both approaches is more than 98 percent. However, transcatheter ASD repair has been associated with quicker recovery.
The following factors affect the Atrial Septal Defect repair cost:
Holes in the heart are a type of congenital heart disease. Ventricular septal defect (VSD) and atrial septal defect (ASD) are the two most common congenital defects that may affect an individual. These occur due to structural malformation in the walls of the heart when these are developing at the fetal stage. ASD and VSD can be repaired and closed as soon as they are identified or right after birth. ASD is the hole in the septa that divides the two atrium and VSD refers to the hole in the ventricular walls. The holes allow the reverse flow of blood, thus, facilitating the mixing of pure and impure blood.
Typically, medications are administered to see whether ASD or VSD closes on its own. In case the defect does not close on its own and the individual continues to experience atrial septal defect symptoms such as breathing difficulties, heart murmurs, shortness of breath, and respiratory infections, then a surgery is recommended. The surgical procedure for atrial septal defect repair and ventricular septal defect treatment are almost the same, except the fact that different parts of the heart are targeted during the surgery.
Two different types of approaches can be used for ASD and VSD repair or closure, depending on the experience of the surgeon, the overall health of the patient, and certain other factors. The first is open-heart surgery and the second one is cardiac catheterization. Irrespective of the approach used, the patient is administered a general anesthetic so that he or she does not feel any pain and is asleep during the procedure.
The main surgical approach used to repair or close ASD or VSD is open-heart surgery. It is conducted by making an incision in the chest and using surgical instruments to open the chest to gain access to the heart. The heart is then put on bypass, which involves connecting it to a machine that pumps blood to the body during the surgery. For the same reason, it is also known as the heart-lung bypass machine. The surgeon then repairs the hole by closing it with sutures or by placing a biological patch on it that mixes with the muscle. Once the hole is repaired, the chest is then closed and the incision site is closed with sutures.
It is a minimally invasive procedure conducted using a catheter, which is inserted into the blood vessel of the groin. The catheter is then guided up to the heart and mesh material is placed over the hole through the catheter to close the defect. Once the repair is made, the catheter is removed.
Within a period of 6 months, normal tissues start growing in and around the mesh. Only a needle puncture is made in this procedure and hence this is less invasive as a procedure. This procedure is usually successful until and unless the hole is too large and only an open surgery can solve the problem.
The patient will be transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) for a day or so for continuous monitoring. Antibiotics will be administered to the patient to prevent infections such as endocarditis. Regular checkups will follow for a while to ensure that the hole gets closed properly. To prevent the formation of blood clots, the patient may be given aspirin. Apart from all these, for the first few months, activities will be kept limited till that patient is fit enough to handle physical exertion.
The Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair package cost in Greece varies from one hospital to another and may offer different benefits. The cost quoted by some of the best hospitals for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Greece generally covers the pre-surgery investigations of the patient. The comprehensive Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair package cost includes the cost of investigations, surgery, medicines and consumables. There are many things that may increase the cost of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Greece, including prolonged hospital stay and complications after the procedure.
While the speed of recovery may vary from patient to patient, they are still required to stay for about 20 days after discharge. This is important to ensure that the surgery was successful. During this time, control and follow-up tests take place to check for medical fitness.
Greece is one of the most popular countries for Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in the world. The country offers the best cost of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair, best doctors, and advanced hospital infrastructure. Some of such countries are:
|South Africa||USD 5000|
|United Arab Emirates||USD 10150|
Apart from the cost of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair, the patient is also required to pay additionally for daily meals and guest house accommodation. The per day cost in this case may start from USD 50 per person.
Some of the best cities in Greece which offer Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair are:
The average duration of stay at the hospital after Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair is about 5 days for proper care and monitoring. The doctors team review the patient's recovery during this time with the help of blood tests and imaging scans. Once they feel that everything is on track, the patient is discharged.
There are more than 3 hospitals that offer Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Repair in Greece. These hospitals have proper infrastructure for the treatment of patients who require kidney transplant. Apart from good services, the hospitals are known to follow all standard and legal guidelines as dictated by the local medical affairs body or organization.
Some of the top hospitals in Greece are:
Greece has many top-quality hospitals that comply with international health standards and are supported by internationally accredited physicians. Greece has several contemporary hospital units that are located in the popular destinations including Corfu, Peloponnese, Crete, Thessaloniki, Alexandroupolis, Kalamata, and Athens. The hospitals in these regions contribute to the development of medical tourism in the country.
Joint Commission International (JCI) is the main healthcare accreditation body in Greece. JCI consults global healthcare experts, providers, and patients to develop healthcare standards. In order to get accreditation, the hospitals need to meet all the criteria set by JCI. And the accredited hospitals and clinics have to follow international standards. The standards help set a quality benchmark for healthcare systems to ensure quality treatment.
Greece has emerged as one of the most popular medical tourism destinations in the world, with world-class doctors and hospitals that offer quality treatment at an affordable cost. The country is globally recognized as a leader in the field of medicine. The country’s medical facilities strictly adhere to international healthcare standards, thus ensuring high quality of medical care and services. Beautiful landscape, unique Mediterranean food, and therapeutic natural springs are some of the reasons why Greece is one of the most preferred medical tourist destinations in the world. Availability of highly experienced medical experts with global exposure, affordable and quality private healthcare services, and technologically-driven medical care are some of the factors that contribute to the growth of the medical tourism industry in Greece.
Around 95 percent of doctors in Greece are specialists and are not restricted to only general medicine. Also, the majority of the doctors have received training in different countries and capable of handling even the most complex cases with quite an ease. Greece has a large pool of trained and experienced fertility specialists who adopt a holistic approach to fertility treatments and have reported high success rates in IVF and other fertility procedures. The government has strict rules in place for the assessment of the quality of doctors. Doctors must attend a minimum of 80 hours of compulsory further training every five years. The doctors in Greece have achieved several milestones, such as performing the first live-streamed global interactive rhinology and endoscopic skull base surgery, successful excision of cancerous cells in an inaccessible and sensitive area of the brain, and doing the first transcatheter closure of a patent ductus arteriosus.
Two types of visas can be availed by a candidate for traveling to Greece for treatment:
A short-stay Schengen Visa allows a person to stay in Greece for a maximum period of 90 days within a period of six months. The essential documents required for applying for a medical visa are:
All the submitted documents are thoroughly checked by the Greece embassy before issuing a medical visa.
The popular procedures in Greece are:
Also, Greece attracts a large number of people seeking renal dialysis. Many state-of-art dialysis centers are present all across the country. Plastic surgery is gaining huge popularity in Greece with the latest innovations in this field. Around 300,000 cosmetic procedures were recorded annually. Greece is a very popular country for IVF treatment and there are at least 50 IVF clinics in the country. People travel from overseas for egg donation and embryo donation.
The cities in Greece which have received worldwide recognition for medical tourism are: 1. Athens 2. Kalamata 3. Peloponnese 4. Alexandropoulos 5. Thessaloniki 6. Corfu 7. Athens
Athens is the epicenter of the medical travel industry in Greece where patients seek high-standard medical services in various disciplines like cosmetic surgery, gynecology and obstetrics, orthopedics, and rehabilitation. One of the most visited islands in Greece, Santorini is medical tourist heaven due to its excellent scenic value which helps in the speedy recovery of patients through relaxation and rejuvenation. State-of-art hospitals, transportation facilities, affordable accommodation, a wide variety of food options, and language assistance are some other reasons why these cities are top-ranked medical tourist destinations.
Yes, vaccination is mandatory before traveling to Greece. The vaccines recommended by the CDC and WHO include:
Make sure that your immunization is up to date because some parts of Europe have outbreaks of routine diseases. It is always recommended to get immunized before traveling to Greece as some of its parts are periodically hit by routine diseases. You should also keep yourself updated with a travel advisory issued by the government or contact your hospital in Greece for complete information on vaccination guidelines.
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