What is Bariatric Surgery?
Bariatric surgery refers to surgical procedures that help in weight loss by making alterations to the digestive system. The term “bariatric surgery” is used to describe a number of procedures like gastric bypass and different other weight loss surgeries. Bariatric surgeries work in various ways, such as by restricting the quantity of food a stomach can hold, decreasing the body’s capacity to absorb nutrients, or both combined. The most common types of bariatric surgeries include adjustable gastric band, gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy and duodenal switch. Gastric bypass surgery helps in losing weight by changing how the small intestine and stomach handle the food people eat. Sleeve gastrectomy involves the removal of about 80 percent of the stomach. In the gastric band, an inflatable band is placed around the top portion of the stomach that creates a smaller pouch above.
Is Bariatric Surgery known to be Weight Loss Surgery?
Weight-loss surgery also called bariatric surgery, is an operation, which involves making changes to the digestive system and causing weight loss. It is meant for people who have obesity and want to lose weight but haven’t been able to do so via other means.
When & Why a Doctor Performs Bariatric Surgery?
A doctor can recommend bariatric surgery when the patient has a level of obesity, a BMI of more than 40, or a BMI of 35 with conditions like joint pains, diabetes, hypertension, sleep apnea, abnormal cholesterol levels in the blood, and risk of developing heart disease, etc. Bariatric surgery is also considered when exercise and diet don’t work or when you have some serious health problems due to your weight.
Advantages of Bariatric Surgeries & Their Types
1. Gastric Bypass Surgery
Overview of Gastric Bypass Surgery (Roux-en-Y (roo-en-wy) gastric bypass)
Gastric bypass, also known as Roux-en-Y (roo-en-wy) gastric bypass, refers to a type of weight-loss surgery, which involves the creation of a small pouch from the stomach and then connecting the newly created pouch to the small intestine. After gastric bypass is done, swallowed food goes into the small pouch of the stomach and directly into the small intestine, hence, bypassing most of the stomach and the first section of the small intestine. Gastric bypass is considered one of the most commonly performed bariatric surgeries. It is performed when exercise and diet haven’t worked or when an individual has serious health problems due to their weight. Roux-en-Y (roo-en-wy) gastric bypass has been in practice for over 30 years and also provides a better balance of weight loss and any manageable side effects. The operation can be performed laparoscopically or robotically.
Steps Involved in Stomach Bypass Surgery
- The patient is given general anesthesia before the surgery starts. The specifics of a gastric bypass depend on the situation of the patient and the doctor’s practices.
- Some types of surgeries are performed with traditional large incisions in the abdomen. However, most of these surgeries are performed laparoscopically.
- After making the incisions using the open or laparoscopic technique, your surgeon cuts across the top of the stomach, sealing it from the rest of the stomach.
- Next, the surgeon cuts the small intestine and then sews part of it directly into the pouch. Food now goes into the small pouch of the stomach and directly passes into your small intestine sewn to it.
- Also, food bypasses most of the stomach and the first part of the small intestine, and instead directly enters the middle part of the small intestine.
- Surgery generally takes a few hours. After the surgery, the patient wakes up in a recovery room, and then the medical staff monitors his/her for any complications.
Which Type of Patients are Advised for Stomach Reduction Surgery?
Stomach reduction surgery is advised for a patient who has a body mass index of 40 or higher, or has a BMI from 35 to 40 and shows obesity-related conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, or severe sleep apnea.
Gastric Bypass Surgery Cost Range
The bariatric surgery cost in India ranges from $4500 to $15000. The price can differ depending on the country where the surgery is performed, the city where the treatment is received, the type of surgery, the experience of the surgeon, the technique used, the age of the patient, pre-existing condition, post-surgery complications, etc.
Before and after of Gastric Bypass Surgery
Success Rate of Gastric Bypass Surgery
The average success rate for gastric bypass surgery is about 96%. In most cases, people who have bariatric surgery lose a considerable amount of weight. About half of all patients will regain a small amount of weight. About 80% of patients consider the surgery a success as they achieve long-term weight loss. The success rate depends on a number of factors, such as how well you follow your diet plan after the procedure and how much physical activity the patient does. Individual differences may also affect your weight loss because everyone responds differently.
How Soon will I recover after Gastric Bypass Surgery?
Recovery from your gastric bypass surgery usually takes nearly 3-6 weeks. Right after the surgery, the patient must adopt strict eating as well as exercise habits in order to achieve better weight loss. To optimize the chances for a successful surgical outcome, it’s vital to carefully follow the surgeon’s post-operative instructions. These instructions will include types and amounts of foods to eat when to follow up, and what activities to restrict.
2. Sleeve Gastrectomy
Overview of Sleeve Gastrectomy (including laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy)
Sleeve gastrectomy is a weight-loss procedure where the stomach is reduced to around 15 percent of its original size, by surgically removing a large portion of your stomach along the greater curvature. Gastric sleeve surgery is a minimally invasive procedure that is done using a laparoscope. The surgery involves dividing the stomach into two unequal parts. Nearly 80% of the outer curved part of the stomach is cut away and then removed. The minimally invasive nature of this surgery helps the patient recover faster than a procedure in which the abdomen is opened with a larger incision.
Steps Involved in Gastric Sleeve Surgery
- The patient will have general anesthesia before the surgery. This will cause him/her to sleep through the surgery.
- The surgeon uses laparoscopy and will make several tiny incisions in the upper abdomen.
- The surgeon will now insert a laparoscope and place small surgery tools in these incisions.
- The anesthesiologist will pass a sizing tube via the patient’s mouth down into the stomach.
- Then, the surgeon uses a laparoscopic stapler in order to divide the stomach, making a narrowed vertical sleeve.
The small part of the stomach that was removed is now taken out of the abdomen through the incision. The surgeon might then test to find out any leaks in the sleeve using an upper endoscopy or a dye study.
When is a Patient Advised for Weight Loss Sleeve Surgery?
Gastric sleeve surgery is advised for individuals who have tried other weight loss techniques without achieving long-term success. Your doctor might advise gastric sleeve surgery if an individual is severely obese with a body mass index over 40. The doctor can also advise if the person has a BMI from 35 to 40 and a health condition like high blood pressure, sleep apnea, heart disease, or type II diabetes.
Sleeve Gastrectomy Price Range
Sleeve gastrectomy cost ranges from $4000 to $16000. The cost varies from person to person depending on numerous factors, such as the age of the patient, the country where treatment is availed, pre-existing conditions, type of surgery, facilities availed, the experience of the surgeon, etc.
Before and After of Sleeve Gastrectomy
The Success Rate of Gastric sleeve operation
The gastric sleeve success rate is around 80 to 90%. On average, people see an excess weight loss of around 60-70% within a year of surgery. Most obesity-related health conditions like fatty liver disease, joint pain, high cholesterol, Type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and sleep apnea improve or enter remission. A person is more likely to have successful results from gastric sleeve surgery if they are less than fifty years old, have fewer obesity-related comorbidities, have lower rates of anxiety and hypertension, and have lower rates of earlier abdominal surgeries.
Time is taken to start normal life after stomach sleeve surgery
Patients can return to normal life four to six weeks after the surgery. They should also follow a specific diet. Even after an individual has physically healed from the operation, they need to stick to specific recovery practices. A dietitian or doctor recommends long-term dietary as well as lifestyle changes to have healthy weight loss.
How is Bariatric Surgery carried out and by whom?
Bariatric surgery is generally performed by a gastroenterologist or a surgeon who has experience in performing bariatric surgery. Bariatric Surgery helps in weight loss by reducing the stomach size which restricts or reduces the food intake. Some weight-loss surgeries are performed with traditional large incisions in the abdomen.
These days, most types of bariatric surgery are done laparoscopically. The laparoscope is inserted via small incisions in the abdomen. The camera attached to the laparoscope helps the surgeon see and operate inside the abdomen without making any large incisions. Laparoscopic surgery can also make the recovery shorter. Surgery generally takes several hours. After the surgery, you wake up in a recovery room, where trained medical staff closely monitor you for any complications. Depending on the procedure, you may require to stay a few days in the hospital.
What is expected on the Day of Bariatric Surgery?
On the day of gastric bypass surgery, the patient will be first taken to a pre-operative room where he/she will wear a hospital gown. A nurse will check the patient’s vital signs and then place a peripheral IV in their arm. This IV is generally used for giving fluids and medications to the patient before and during the surgery. In order to prevent blood clots, an inflatable compression device will be placed on the legs. The patient may also be given a shot of a blood-thinning agent. Then, an anesthesiologist and the surgical team will briefly discuss the surgery with the patient. The patient may need to sign consent forms. Finally, the patient will be taken into the operating theatre where he/she will be given medication to make them asleep.
Risk of Bariatric Surgery and what can Doctor Suggest to Minimize it
As with any major procedure, bariatric surgery also poses potential health risks, both in the long term and short term. Risks associated with the surgical procedure include blood clots, excessive bleeding, infection, lung or breathing problems, adverse reactions to anesthesia, leaks in the gastrointestinal system, and adverse reactions to anesthesia. Longer-term risks of weight-loss surgery may vary depending on the type of surgery. Some of these include gallstones, low blood sugar, ulcers, acid reflux, and vomiting.
How better is the Bariatric Surgery package in comparison with general treatment for weight loss?
Bariatric surgery cost starts from $6000. This cost, however, can vary depending upon many factors, such as facilities availed, the experience of the surgeon, the type of surgery, etc. The Bariatric Surgery package cost starts from $4000, which is much more affordable than getting the treatment directly from the hospital. Moreover, there are several additional benefits that come with a shoulder arthroscopy package.
When & how do I start preparing for my Bariatric Surgery?
In order to get optimal results from bariatric surgery, you should follow a standard pre-operative program. Months before the surgery, the patient should attend a presurgical lifestyle/education/ program. Then, 2 weeks before the surgery, the patient must follow a liquid-only diet. An individual should start and maintain a workout routine in order to reach and keep their weight loss goals. Daily calories should be lowered to a range from 1200 to 1500 calories. Caffeinated beverages should be avoided about one month prior to surgery.
What should I look for in a bariatric surgery package?
Choosing a bariatric surgery package is the best option to avail of the treatment at an affordable cost. The normal cost of bariatric surgery starts from $6000. But a bariatric surgery package offered by MediGence is much more affordable compared to the cost offered by a hospital. The package comes with huge discounts and also offers many additional services within that cost. MediGence offers various bariatric surgery packages starting from $4000. You also get all essential assistance during your medical journey. They bring you the world’s top hospitals and surgeons to choose from.
Steps to be followed after bariatric surgery to manage health conditions
There are a few things you need to keep in mind to manage your health after bariatric surgery. First of all, you must change your lifestyle and diet. Make sure you are taking any medication prescribed by the doctor. Following suggested physical activity guidelines. Almost immediately after surgery, you may be asked to begin exercising. However, this does not mean a gym workout. Some physical symptoms can be a sign of complications following weight loss surgery. If you see any of these symptoms, see your doctor right away. Doctors generally advise against drinking during meals, as it may wash food out of the stomach very quickly and affect your feeling of fullness.
In which all countries can I find the best Bariatric Surgery packages?
Below given are some countries where you can find the best Bariatric Surgery packages. You can choose a package according to your requirement and budget. Bariatric surgery packages in these countries are affordable.
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