A surgeon specialized in reducing scars, impact of aging on the skin and disfigurement that might have occurred as a result of accidents, birth defects and treatment of diseases. Many plastic surgeons also perform cosmetic surgery to enhance the attractiveness of the face or body parts and it might not be directly related to any medical conditions.
Plastic surgery is a surgical speciality that involves the restoration, reconstruction or alteration of the body. It can be broadly divided into two main categories i.e. reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery.
Reconstructive Surgery: It involves surgical procedure for the reconstruction of facial or body parts. In cases one has encountered any trauma, infection, developmental abnormalities, congenital abnormalities, disease, tumors that has impacted the body part and its functioning, it is advised to visit a plastic surgeon for a consultation. While reconstructive surgery aims to reconstruct any body part and improve its functioning, it may also be done to change its appearance.
Cosmetic (or Aesthetic) Surgery: Cosmetic surgery is done to repair or reshape the structures of the body, generally with the aim, to enhance its appearance.
There are various procedures done to perform the reconstructive and cosmetic surgeries, including the following: