Vitrectomy in Spain

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About the Vitrectomy

There can be a number of eye-related problems that can be resolved through a retina surgery or a vitrectomy, which is a kind of eye surgery. Vitrectomy is conducted to rectify a range of eye problems. However, it is not as common and simple as a cataract surgery. As the names suggest, vitrectomy or retina surgery aims at correcting a number of defects pertaining specifically to the vitreous and the retina of the eye.

Some of the problems that demand vitrectomy include age-related macular degeneration, macular hole, epiretinal membrane, Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis, retinal detachment or retinal tear, diabetic retinopathy, and vitreous hemorrhage, wherein bleeding occurs and the blood does not get cleared by natural healing process of the body.

The symptoms of the above-enlisted problems may include the following:

  • Acute pain in the eye
  • Diminishing vision problems
  • Redness in the whites of the eye
  • Flashes of light changing the eye & vision
  • Swelling and discharge from the eyes

With the help of conventional surgery or laser vitrectomy is performed very deep inside the eye. The surgery takes place near retina, the light-sensitive membranous part of the eye and the gel- like vitreous is present. It may be required by patients who have developed some unwanted side effects after cataract surgery is performed.

How is Vitrectomy performed?

The vitreous humour or retinal surgery is usually performed after administering general anaesthesia to the patient. However, this may be avoided and local anaesthesia may be involved in a few cases instead. This is usually done in special cases where the patient in concern has some breathing troubles.

The incisions are made so that that they fall in front of the retina but behind the iris. In fact, the incisions are placed in the pars plana of the eye. The instruments that are usually for vitrectomy are enlisted below:

  • Light pipe: This is a high-intensity flashlight used to see inside the eye.
  • Infusion port: This is another instrument that aims at replacing the fluid inside the eye with a clean saline solution. The purpose is to maintain sufficient optimum eye pressure.
  • Vitrector: The cutting device is the most important of all since this is responsible for the main job. It aims at removing the vitreous gel in a most controlled and gradual fashion. It also has to ensure that the delicate retina remains unharmed during the procedure by the removal of the vitreous by reducing the traction on the retina. So the surgeon inserts these small probes into the eye with the problem.

After this, with precision, the vitreous gel is cut with the vitrector and is suctioned out of the eye. The surgeon usually treats the retina with a laser. This is called photocoagulation. Fibrous or scar tissues are removed in this process from the retina. The places of retinal detachment are flattened. Tears or holes that may have resulted are repaired in the retina or the macula of the eye

The retina must be pressed against the wall of the eye. This is done by injecting silicone oil or a gas bubble in the eye. After the complete healing of the retinal detachment, the oil is used as the oil bubble must be removed since the body does not have the ability to absorb oil. Oil bubble works much better as compared to the air bubble. The oil bubble does not move around the eye, unlike gas bubble. It facilitates easy recovery in case of children and elderly people who have trouble keeping the head in one single position for long.

Recovery from Vitrectomy

The affected eye is covered with a patch after the vitrectomy procedure. This can be removed before going to bed. For a speedy recovery, eye drops are prescribed after the vitrectomy surgery. It is not very uncommon to have the operated eye swollen for several days after the procedure with some amount of discomfort associated with it. Over-the-counter (OTC) medications, in addition to occasional eye press, will bring about the desired relief. If the throbbing pain is felt despite the use of OTC medications, then do not hesitate to ask help from your doctor.

As a part of your recovery, you may have to lie face down for quite a number of days if you have been treated for retinal detachment along with gas bubble. This ensures that the bubble is in a proper position. When excessive blood vessels and scar tissues have been removed, the gas bubble will assist in pushing the retina back into the original space.

Patient Stories

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the health care infrastructure of Spain / Why should opt for Spain as a destination for your medical treatment?
Spain has a uni payer healthcare system. This means that there is universal coverage for most of the expenses (excluding prescription drugs). One might have to wait for quite some time to avail of elective procedure treatment in Spain. Non-European travelers must have valid health insurance coverage to benefit from the hospitals in Spain. One can also avail of it on a residency visa. The private insurance system helps you to avail the benefits at monthly costs. The taxes in Spain are comparatively lower than those of other European countries. Hence, one can surely opt for this country for medical treatment.
What are the conditions of the hospitals in Spain? Are they JCI certified? What is the quality of the support staff in the hospitals?
The Joint Commission International (JCI) is a global leader in health care accreditation. JCI accreditation is considered a gold standard in worldwide health care. It provides the most skilled and experienced healthcare professionals in the medical industry, as evaluators of the rigorous international standards in healthcare quality and patient safety. Here are a few JCI certified hospitals in Spain :
  • Vithas Xanit International Hospital
  • Grupo Hospitalario Quirónsalud
  • Centro Médico Quironsalud Teknon
  • Hospital General de Catalunya
  • Instituto de Microcirugía Ocular (IMO Barcelona)
  • Sanitas Hospitales
  • Guttmann Institute
  • Instituto Balear de Oftalmología (IBO)
Are the doctors/surgeons in Spain of the best quality?
The hospitals in Spain are based on “el sistema national de salud” which provides high-quality care and medical centres, that is, “centros de salud”. This system has public and private healthcare systems, often within the same level. Since many countries send ex-pats here, one can even find an English speaking doctor very easily. Most doctors are adequately skilled and can handle the cases.
What is the process for obtaining a medical visa in Spain?
One has to apply for a Schengen Visa to gain entry into Spain for a medical purpose. The required documents when applying for a Schengen Visa for Medical Treatment are as follows:
  1. Visa application form.
  2. Two photos.
  3. Valid travel document/passport.
  4. A copy of your passport's data page.
  5. Roundtrip flight reservation.
  6. Travel Medical Insurance.
  7. Proof of accommodation
What support services does MediGence provide in Spain?
MediGence has been praised on a global scale for the list of services they provide. Apart from the listed services, the staff and the guides are adorned for their customer interaction, impromptu assistance, and various other assistance related guidance throughout the tour. Thus, the list of services provided by MediGence are:
  • Insurance query related guidance
  • In-detail guidance till completion of the medical tour
  • Visa Assistance
  • Free airport to hospital transfer
  • On-Ground Support
  • Teleconsultations
  • Accommodations Assistance
  • Rehabilitation and recovery services
Which are the best cities in Spain for medical treatment?
Spain has many cities like Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, and Pamplona that have some of the best hospitals in Spain. Madrid has good hospitals for general and reproductive health facilities. Barcelona has hospitals specializing in child healthcare.

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