Coronary artery bypass surgery, often called coronary artery bypass graft surgery or heart bypass or bypass surgery, is a surgical treatment that restores normal blood flow to a clogged coronary artery. It helps to enhance blood flow and oxygen supply to the heart by diverting blood around blocked or congested portions of the major arteries.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is one of the most popular destinations for medical tourists because it possesses all of the necessary characteristics for a successful medical tourism industry, including modern, well-equipped hospitals, a well-established private health-care sector, foreign-trained doctors and specialists, and a stable, peaceful environment.
Every year, each Saudi Arabian hospital admits approximately 2500 inpatients with various cardiovascular diseases and performs thousands of operations, specialty procedures, and diagnostic tests for its patients that are not available anywhere else in the world. Saudi Arabia's Heart Centers or specialized Hospitals are world-renowned for their excellence in open or high-risk cardiac care. Saudi Arabia boasts skilled specialists that specialise in by-pass surgery, invasive and noninvasive surgery, and interventional cardiology, as well as infant and toddler cardiac disorders. Patients with hypertension, heart failure, and cardiomyopathy can benefit from it. Physicians and hospital systems in Saudi Arabia now have access to an innovative initiative that uses cutting-edge research and technology to deliver education, resources, and practical solutions to those at risk across the country in order to prevent cardiovascular disease.
Two Hospitals are quite famous for Heart Bypass Surgery in Saudi Arabia-
Riyadh Care Hospital and Care National Hospital.
In Saudi Arabia, heart bypass surgery costs between US$ 16000 to US$ 18000, whereas it costs US$ 56000 in Singapore, US$ 27000 in Spain, and much more in other European nations. The cost, however, may vary depending on the complexity of the case, any other medical conditions that may be present, immune-deficiency disorders, and the doctor's experience.
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a type of an open heart surgery that intends to improve the flow of blood to the heart. It involves the placement of a coronary artery bypass graft, which is retrieved from a healthy artery in the body, and placed in the position of the blocked portion of the artery that supplies blood to the heart. CABG surgery is a complex, yet common procedure.
A waxy substance called plaque may deposit in good amount in the coronary arteries of the heart over a period of time. As time advances, the plaque starts hardening and eventually ruptures and breaks open. The plaque interferes with blood flow as arteries grow narrow at the affected region. A blood clot develops when the plaque ruptures. The artery may get blocked completely is the size of the clot is big enough to stop the flow of blood to the heart. This may eventually lead to serious events such as heart attack and also put the individual at the risk of death.
The person may experience chest pain and discomfort when the heart is deprived of rich oxygenated blood This pain is referred to as angina. Breathlessness and fatigue are some of the other problems associated with coronary heart disease.
Coronary artery bypass surgery aims at improving the overall blood circulation to the heart. A part of healthy artery or vein from another part of the body is taken and is grafted or connected to the blocked coronary artery for bypass. This artery or vein goes around the blocked portion of the coronary artery and establishes a new path for the blood to flow to the heart, thus reducing the chance of a heart attack. In a single surgery, surgeons can bypass multiple coronary arteries. Severe blockages can be treated with this procedure.
CABG is conducted when there are one or two blockages in the artery. High risk CABG is conducted when there are multiple blockages in the artery and the blood flow to the heart is severely restricted.
There are two approaches to conduct CABG – open heart surgery and laparoscopic bypass heart surgery. The latter is a type of minimally invasive heart bypass surgery, which involves the creation of smaller incisions. This results in minimum discomfort and complications and allows for faster recovery and healing.
Laparoscopic bypass heart surgery is mostly preferred when there is not much blockage in the coronary artery. Open heart surgery, on the other hand, is conducted in complicated cases. High-risk CABG is mostly conducted as an open heart surgical procedure.
Patients are transferred to the ICU right after the surgery and shifted to the patient ward a day later. Heart rhythm disturbances are discovered in 25 percent of the patients within a period of 3 or 4 days after the surgery. They are temporary atrial fibrillations associated with surgical trauma. Such patients respond well to standard medical therapies.
They can be weaned within a period of a month after the surgery. From one week to one day, the range of stay in the hospital may vary from one patient to the other. Young patients are usually discharged within two days. The recovery time can be very long and the range of physical activities must be kept to a minimum.
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