Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a major cardiac surgery conducted on patients with severe coronary heart disease (CHD) or coronary artery disease (CAD). This procedure intends to improve the flow of blood to the cardiac muscles by bypassing the area of an obstructed coronary artery. A CAD is characterized by the deposition of waxy substances in the inside of the coronary artery. The waxy substance forms plaques, which may restrict the flow of blood through the artery that supplies blood.
There are several internationally accredited hospitals in Thailand that conduct heart bypass surgery. Understanding the critical nature of the surgery, the cardiac surgery hospitals in India make sure that the surgery is only conducted by a team of highly experienced and skilled surgeons A team of surgeons thorough examine the patients and order a few imaging tests to identify the location of the blockage prior to the surgery. A detailed plan is created and discussed with the patients prior to the procedure.
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a type of an open heart surgery that intends to improve the flow of blood to the heart. It involves the placement of a coronary artery bypass graft, which is retrieved from a healthy artery in the body, and placed in the position of the blocked portion of the artery that supplies blood to the heart. CABG surgery is a complex, yet common procedure.
A waxy substance called plaque may deposit in good amount in the coronary arteries of the heart over a period of time. As time advances, the plaque starts hardening and eventually ruptures and breaks open. The plaque interferes with blood flow as arteries grow narrow at the affected region. A blood clot develops when the plaque ruptures. The artery may get blocked completely is the size of the clot is big enough to stop the flow of blood to the heart. This may eventually lead to serious events such as heart attack and also put the individual at the risk of death.
The person may experience chest pain and discomfort when the heart is deprived of rich oxygenated blood This pain is referred to as angina. Breathlessness and fatigue are some of the other problems associated with coronary heart disease.
Coronary artery bypass surgery aims at improving the overall blood circulation to the heart. A part of healthy artery or vein from another part of the body is taken and is grafted or connected to the blocked coronary artery for bypass. This artery or vein goes around the blocked portion of the coronary artery and establishes a new path for the blood to flow to the heart, thus reducing the chance of a heart attack. In a single surgery, surgeons can bypass multiple coronary arteries. Severe blockages can be treated with this procedure.
CABG is conducted when there are one or two blockages in the artery. High risk CABG is conducted when there are multiple blockages in the artery and the blood flow to the heart is severely restricted.
There are two approaches to conduct CABG – open heart surgery and laparoscopic bypass heart surgery. The latter is a type of minimally invasive heart bypass surgery, which involves the creation of smaller incisions. This results in minimum discomfort and complications and allows for faster recovery and healing.
Laparoscopic bypass heart surgery is mostly preferred when there is not much blockage in the coronary artery. Open heart surgery, on the other hand, is conducted in complicated cases. High-risk CABG is mostly conducted as an open heart surgical procedure.
Patients are transferred to the ICU right after the surgery and shifted to the patient ward a day later. Heart rhythm disturbances are discovered in 25 percent of the patients within a period of 3 or 4 days after the surgery. They are temporary atrial fibrillations associated with surgical trauma. Such patients respond well to standard medical therapies.
They can be weaned within a period of a month after the surgery. From one week to one day, the range of stay in the hospital may vary from one patient to the other. Young patients are usually discharged within two days. The recovery time can be very long and the range of physical activities must be kept to a minimum.
Heart bypass surgery is also known as coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. It is a surgery conducted in patients who suffer from coronary artery disease (CAD) characterized by blockage in the arteries that reduces the flow of blood to the cardiac muscles. The main intent of the surgery is to relieve angina (chest pain) and prevent fatal cardiac events.
Heart bypass surgery in Thailand is conducted in many hospitals. Thailand is a popular medical tourism destination that is hugely popular for cardiac, neurosurgery, orthopedic, cosmetic and infertility treatment.
Some of the reasons why patients should travel to Thailand for bypass surgery include the following:
Availability of state-of-the-art Cath labs
Experienced and qualified surgeons
The environment should be conducive to recovery
All facilities under one roof
No waiting time for treatment
Heart bypass surgery cost in Thailand starts at around $8500 in Thailand. As compared to the Western countries, the bypass surgery cost in Thailand is still competitive and reasonable. The total heart bypass surgery cost in Thailand is at least 50 percent, if not more, cheaper than the cost of surgery in the UK and the US.
The total cost of bypass surgery in Thailand, however, depends on several factors. Some of these factors include the following:
The number of stents used
An approach used to conduct surgery (minimally invasive, off-pump, or traditional)
Experience and fees of the surgeon
Type of hospital opted for
City where the procedure is being conducted
Complications management, if any
Number of days spent in the ICU and hospital
Bangkok, being the capital of Thailand, is also the medical tourism hub in the country. The Bangkok city has many internationally accredited hospitals that offer cardiac treatment to patients from across the world. A majority of the best hospitals in Bangkok for cardiac bypass are accredited by the Joint Commission International (JCI).
Other than Bangkok, Krabi, Phuket, Chiang Mai, and Pattaya are also popular for medical treatment. Thailand is a beautiful country and receives millions of tourists from across the world every year. Many patients prefer to choose to go to popular cities in Thailand to get quality medical treatment and stay there for a while after discharge to recuperate and recovery in a serene and peaceful environment.
There are many good hospitals in Thailand where you can get the bypass surgery done. The JCI-certified hospitals in Bangkok are equipped with state-of-the-art facilities and are known to provide the best quality of medical care and other services.
Some of the best hospitals in Thailand to get CABG done include the following:
Vejthani Hospital, Bangkok
Bangkok Hospital, Bangkok
Phyathai 2 Hospital, Bangkok
Krabi International Hospital, Krabi
Thailand is one of the top medical tourism destinations, is frequently visited by a number of patients from abroad. Therefore, the top hospitals in Thailand for medical treatment are fully equipped with the expertise and the facilities that are required by the patients from abroad.
Thailand is globally renowned for its quality of medical treatment. With that said, cardiac treatment in Thailand has great success rates. The cardiac bypass is Thailand has more than 90 percent success rates.
However, the actual success rates depend on a number of factors, including the following:
Age of the patient
Number of blockages
Experience of the surgeon
The overall health of the patient
Other comorbidities involved
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