Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a major cardiac surgery conducted on patients with severe coronary heart disease (CHD) or coronary artery disease (CAD). This procedure intends to improve the flow of blood to the cardiac muscles by bypassing the area of an obstructed coronary artery. A CAD is characterized by the deposition of waxy substances in the inside of the coronary artery. The waxy substance forms plaques, which may restrict the flow of blood through the artery that supplies blood.
There are several internationally accredited hospitals in India that conduct heart bypass surgery. Understanding the critical nature of the surgery, the cardiac surgery hospitals in India make sure that the surgery is only conducted by a team of highly experienced and skilled surgeons A team of surgeons thorough examine the patients and order a few imaging tests to identify the location of the blockage prior to the surgery. A detailed plan is created and discussed with the patients prior to the procedure.
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a type of an open heart surgery that intends to improve the flow of blood to the heart. It involves the placement of a coronary artery bypass graft, which is retrieved from a healthy artery in the body, and placed in the position of the blocked portion of the artery that supplies blood to the heart. CABG surgery is a complex, yet common procedure.
A waxy substance called plaque may deposit in good amount in the coronary arteries of the heart over a period of time. As time advances, the plaque starts hardening and eventually ruptures and breaks open. The plaque interferes with blood flow as arteries grow narrow at the affected region. A blood clot develops when the plaque ruptures. The artery may get blocked completely is the size of the clot is big enough to stop the flow of blood to the heart. This may eventually lead to serious events such as heart attack and also put the individual at the risk of death.
The person may experience chest pain and discomfort when the heart is deprived of rich oxygenated blood This pain is referred to as angina. Breathlessness and fatigue are some of the other problems associated with coronary heart disease.
Coronary artery bypass surgery aims at improving the overall blood circulation to the heart. A part of healthy artery or vein from another part of the body is taken and is grafted or connected to the blocked coronary artery for bypass. This artery or vein goes around the blocked portion of the coronary artery and establishes a new path for the blood to flow to the heart, thus reducing the chance of a heart attack. In a single surgery, surgeons can bypass multiple coronary arteries. Severe blockages can be treated with this procedure.
CABG is conducted when there are one or two blockages in the artery. High risk CABG is conducted when there are multiple blockages in the artery and the blood flow to the heart is severely restricted.
There are two approaches to conduct CABG – open heart surgery and laparoscopic bypass heart surgery. The latter is a type of minimally invasive heart bypass surgery, which involves the creation of smaller incisions. This results in minimum discomfort and complications and allows for faster recovery and healing.
Laparoscopic bypass heart surgery is mostly preferred when there is not much blockage in the coronary artery. Open heart surgery, on the other hand, is conducted in complicated cases. High-risk CABG is mostly conducted as an open heart surgical procedure.
Patients are transferred to the ICU right after the surgery and shifted to the patient ward a day later. Heart rhythm disturbances are discovered in 25 percent of the patients within a period of 3 or 4 days after the surgery. They are temporary atrial fibrillations associated with surgical trauma. Such patients respond well to standard medical therapies.
They can be weaned within a period of a month after the surgery. From one week to one day, the range of stay in the hospital may vary from one patient to the other. Young patients are usually discharged within two days. The recovery time can be very long and the range of physical activities must be kept to a minimum.
Bypass surgery in India, also known as coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), is conducted on patients with severe coronary heart disease (CHD) or coronary artery disease (CAD). The surgery is conducted to improve the flow of blood to the cardiac muscles. The area of obstruction is bypassed to restore the normal blood flow.
There are many reasons why one should prefer to undergo heart surgery in India. Some of these reasons include the following:
Internationally accredited hospitals
Highly experienced cardiothoracic vascular surgeons (CTVS)
Availability of the latest technology and techniques to conduct heart surgery
Minimally invasive heart surgery
Experienced and skilled supporting staff
Conducive environment for recovery
Bypass surgery in India is popular across the world. Each year, many patients from the Middle East, African countries, and Asian countries travel to India to get the surgery done. Some of the best cardiologists in India are globally renowned for their skills and experience in the field and hold a great success record.
Some of the best cities to get CABG treatment in India done include Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, and Pune. Delhi and Mumbai, in particular, are very popular for heart surgery in India. This is because of the presence of a number of options in terms of internationally-accredited hospitals where patients can opt to get the surgery done.
Also, these metropolitan cities have all types of facilities that an individual from abroad may need. These include interstate transport network, availability of Cabs such as Uber and Ola, fair-priced hotels, foreign exchange facilities, and multicuisine restaurants.
Additionally, some of the best cardiologists in India practice in these cities. Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, and Hyderabad are connected to all major cities and countries in the world through direct and indirect flights.
Bypass surgery cost in India starts from approximately 4000 USD. As it can be seen, the cost of bypass surgery in India is quite competitive and fairly-priced. In fact, it is one of the best in the world and much less as compared to other medical tourism destinations such as Thailand, UAE, and Singapore.
The bypass surgery cost in India is less as compared to other countries despite the fact that it offers similar quality of care and medical treatment. India is globally renowned as one of the most advanced countries when it comes to medical technology and treatment.
However, there are several factors that control the overall heart bypass surgery cost in India. Some of these factors include the following:
The choice of city
The choice of hospital
Experience and qualifications of the surgeon
Any complications involved
The approach used to conduct the surgery
Number of days at the hospital
There are many internationally-accredited hospitals that conduct bypass surgery in India. Some of these hospitals are located in the top cities for bypass surgery in India, including Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Pune, Hyderabad, and Bangalore.
Some of the best hospitals for CABG in India include the following:
Fortis Escorts Hospital, New Delhi
Medanta The Medicity, Gurugram
Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai
Artemis Hospital, Gurugram
Global Hospital, Mumbai and Chennai
Columbia Asia Hospital, Pune
BLK Superspecialty Hospital, New Delhi
Max Superspecialty Hospital, New Delhi
SevenHills Hospital, Mumbai
Sri Ram Chandra Medical Center, Chennai
The best cardiologists in India are globally renowned for their skills, experience, and success rates. A majority of cardiac surgeons in India are trained and educated at some of the most premier medical institutes in the world. They attend conferences, seminars, and training around the year to keep themselves updated as per the changing and latest technology in the field of cardiac treatment.
Some of the best heart surgeons in India include the following:
Dr. GK Mani, Max Superspecialty Hospital, New Delhi
Dr. Naresh Trehan, Medanta The Medicity, Gurugram
Dr. Suresh Joshi, Wockhardt Hospital, Mumbai
Dr. Devi Prasad Shetty, Narayana Institute of Cardiac Sciences, Bengaluru
Dr. B Bhaskar Rao, KIMS, Hyderabad
The success rate of CABG in India is one of the best in the world. The current success rate of CABG is estimated to be around more than 95 percent in India.
The high CABG success rate in India can be attributed to the quality of treatment and the skills and expertise of the performing surgeons. India is a globally-renowned for its brigade of cardiac surgeons, a majority of whom are trained from abroad. They remain abreast of the latest technology in the world of cardiac treatment.
However, how successful bypass surgery will actually depend on several factors, including the following:
How efficiently it was conducted
The overall health of the patient
All in all, a cardiac bypass is a safe procedure. However, the experience and skills of the surgeon performing the surgery
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