CABG - Redo in South Africa

Treatment and Cost

21

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2 No. Travelers

7 Day in Hospital

14 Days Outside Hospital

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About the CABG - Redo

In the United States Coronary artery bypass graft which is a common kind of an open heart surgery if found to be executed in good numbers. Cardiothoracic surgeons are the doctors who are involved in performing the procedure on the concerned patients. This kind of procedure is very appropriate for coronary heart diseases which can become a life-threatening issue later.

About CABG - Redo

Awaxy substance called plaque hets deposited in good amount in the coronary arteries of the heart, they supply oxygen to the heart. With time the plaque starts hardening and eventually ruptures and breaks open. This plaque interferes with blood flow as arteries grow narrow at that region. A blood clot develops when the plaque ruptures open on the surface.  The artery gets blocked if the blood clot developed is very large. This can be the cause of heart attack in a later stage becoming the cause of a life risk.

Symptoms of CABG - Redo

When the heart gets deprived of rich oxygenated blood there is chest pain and discomfort felt by the patient. This pain is referred to as angina. Breathlessness and fatigue are some of the other kinds of problems that are associated with coronary heart disease. In worse case scenario a heart attack which can be life-threatening may affect the patient severely

About CABG - Redo

Coronary artery bypass surgery aims at improving the general blood circulation to the heart. A healthy artery or vein is taken the body and is grafted or connected to the blocked coronary artery for the purpose of bypassing. This artery or vein goes around the blocked portion of the coronary artery and establishes a new path for the blood to flow to the heart thus reducing the chance of a heart attack. In one surgery surgeons can bypass multiple coronary arteries. Severe blockages can be treated with this procedure.

How is CABG - Redo performed?

  • In open heart surgery a general anesthesia is usually involved since it is considered as one of the major surgeries.
  • An incision down the middle of the chest is made by the cardiac surgeon. He then uses a saw like movement to access the breastbone or the sternum. This cutting of the middle of the sternum is referred to as median sternonomy.
  • The heart has to be cooled with iced salt water. Along with this a preservative solution has to be injected in the arteries of the heart. This procedure is referred to as cardioplegia where damage is minimized due to reduced blood flow happening during the surgery.
  • A cardiopulmonary bypass must be established before a bypass surgery can take place.
  • For channelizing venous blood out of the body, plastic tubes must be placed in the right atrium. A membrane oxygenator which is like a plastic sheeting is employed to channelize it to the heart lung machine.
  • The oxygenated blood is then returned to the body. To allow the bypasses to connect with the aorta the main aorta is cross clamped during the surgery. This maintains a bloodless field.
  • Saphenous vein from the leg is the commonly employed vessel for the bypass grafting.
  • Beyond the narrowing of the vessel or the coronary artery, the graft vessel is sewed to the coronary arteries. The other end of the grafted vein or vessel is made to attach with the aorta.
  • Nowadays, chest wall arteries or more specifically the internal mammary artery is used commonly for the purpose of bypass graft. The artery is then separated from the wall of the chest to connect to the left anterior descending artery. It can also be connected to one of the major branches which is beyond the blockage. Internal mammary arteries have an advantage over venous grafts is that it remains open for a longer period of time. The percentage rate of being open in case of venous grafts are 66% while for internal mammary arteries it is 90%. but then artery grafts are of limited lenghth and can hence be only employed to bypass diseases which are located near the proximal or beginning of coronary arteries. The time required in CABG where internal mammary arteries are employed is more since they must be separated from the chest wall. Hence they are not very suitable for emergency cases where blood flow must be quickly resolved to restore the condition of the coronary artery.
  • The aorta must be clamped off for only 60 minites while the body is supported bycardiopulmonary bypass for a period of 90 minutes. The use of 3, 4 or 5 bypasses have grown very common.
  • After the end of the surgery the sternum with the help of stainless steel is wired together while the incision madein the chest is sewn. Plastic tubes are kept undisturbed to allow any blood drainage from the region around the heart.
  • Exploration may be required for 5% f patients within first 24 hours to monitor bleeding after surgery. While chest tubes are removed right after surgery along with the breathing tube.

What are the alternatives for CABG?

The other alternatives for CABG can be balloon surgery or angioplasty which is a less invasive technique but then your cardiologist is the best person to decide which of the surgeries is best suited for  the patient. Percutaneous coronary intervention can also be employed where a stent may be used to keep the artery open. This is also a less invasive technique.

Recovery from CABG - Redo

Aftercare and recovery

The patients are transferred out of ICU right after the day of the surgery. Heart rhythm disturbances are found in 25% patients within a period of 3 or 4 days after the surgery. They are temporary atrial fibrillations which are associated with surgical trauma. They respond well to standard mediacal therapies used. They can be weaned within a period of a month after the surgery. From one week to 1 day, the range of stay in the hospital may vary, Young patients are usually discharged within two days. The recovery time can be very long and the physical activities must be kept minimum.

How long will the effects last?

Unfortunately even after such a major surgery, problems can again come back requiring another surgery where heart blocakges can get detected.

Pros and Cons

Pros
  • Reduces pain or angina and other symptoms of coronary heart diseases
  • One can resume a normal lifestyle
  • the pumping action of heart improves after suffering the damage from a heart attack
  • chances of pumping action improves
Cons
  • Very invasive procedure
  • can be quite expensive and complicated
  • requires quite a lot of preparation before the surgery
  • significant change in lifestyle after surgery

Patient Stories

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the health care infrastructure of South Africa / Why should opt for South Africa as a destination for your medical treatment?
Like most countries, hospitals in South Africa are based upon public and private healthcare systems. There are three main levels of healthcare based upon the payment method of the patient.
  • The full paying patients are those who usually prefer to be treated by a doctor working in the private sector. They can also be funded by an external source. Many non-South African citizens also prefer this treatment service.
  • Fully subsidized patients are those who have been referred from a Primary Healthcare Service Hospital.
  • Partially subsidized patients are patients whose costs are subsidized based on the amount of their income.
The public healthcare system has three main centers for health under its wing:
  • Clinics - These are run by trained professionals and nurses. They can serve as the first point of contact for a patient.
  • Community Healthcare Centre - This is a bigger setup, complete with full-fledged services and doctors and nurses.
  • Hospital - A patient usually gets here after a referral from a clinic or community health center. One can also go in for emergencies. A hospital provides various services like performing surgery and treating chronic illnesses.
Hospitals in South Africa are gearing up to tackle major illnesses and to provide better treatment options. The South African government is also working to introduce policies and towards accommodating more patients from all across the world. It is a great country to find affordable treatment options.
What are the conditions of the hospitals in South Africa? Are they JCI certified? What is the quality of the support staff in the hospitals
The Joint Commission International (JCI) accredits and certifies most health care organizations and programs all around the world. Joint Commission International Accreditation and Certification is recognized as the global leader for health care quality of care and patient safety.
Are the doctors/surgeons in South Africa of the best quality?
Doctors associated with Medigence are of the best quality. We hope to give our patients a pleasant experience and the best doctors we can find. Since South Africa has a lot of requirements in the field of healthcare, the country attracts doctors from all over the world to contribute their services. This can help to ensure that even you receive the best quality of doctors.
What is the process for obtaining a medical visa in South Africa?
One can apply for a visa to South Africa for a period of 90 days. The High Commission of India can then help one decide for how long a visa can be extended. This usually differs from person to person. The Medical Visa allows a person to stay for a maximum of six months with a valid visa. After this, one can go to the FRO office ( Foreigner’s Registration Office ) or FRRO (Foreigner's Regional Registration Office) and request for an extension. Do note that the validity of a visa begins on the day it is issued by the High Commission of India and not on the date of departure. Applications for visas will not be accepted more than 30 days prior to departure.
What support services does MediGence provide in the United Arab Emirates?
MediGence enables you to plan and manage your medical decisions better. These are some of our services offered:
  • Expert Opinion
    We help you seek an Expert Opinion on your diagnosis and treatment from an experienced team of doctors at MediGence and specialists from a reputable hospital.
  • Hospital Recommendation
    We recommend a hospital or a healthcare institution that is best suited for you, based on your ailment and its criticality.
  • 360-degree Hospital Review
    We give you a transparent and holistic view of the hospital and its infrastructure, accreditation, facilities, and expertise to give you confidence.
  • Doctor Validation and Communication
    We share a comprehensive profile of the treating doctor and also arrange a call to clear queries regarding treatment if needed.
  • Options to Choose From
    Based on your choice of destination and other preferences, we provide you multiple options with respect to hospitals and doctors to choose from.
  • 24X7 Patient Care Support
    A dedicated patient case manager stays in constant touch with you to help you at every step of the decision-making process and resolve queries that you may have.
  • Transparent Treatment Cost and Other Expenses
    We give a clear and accurate indication of the total cost of treatment including treatment, stay, meals, and other expenses.
  • Visa Assistance
    We provide and help prepare documentation for visa approval and coordinate with the embassy to expedite the visa process.
  • Accommodation Arrangements
    We propose to you a choice of accommodation based on your preference such as long stay, short stay, or luxury properties.
Which are the best cities in South Africa for medical treatment?
While many cities are striving to create some of the best hospitals in South Africa, Durban, Lenasia, and Cape Town already have some very good hospitals for treatment in South Africa. Located in Durban, Ethekwini Hospital and Heart Centre is a reasonable and affordable hospital in South Africa. Life Kingsbury Hospital in Capetown provides a holistic healing environment for patients. One can also opt for the Ahmed Kathrada Private Hospital in Lenasia. This hospital has been running for nearly 30 years now and various medical facilities can be availed from here.

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