A shoulder arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure conducted to inspect, diagnose, and rectify the problems involving the shoulder joint. During a shoulder arthroscopy, a small device attached to a camera is inserted into the shoulder to diagnose the reason for pain in the shoulder, among other problems.
Miniature surgical instruments are also inserted into the shoulder to rectify the identified problem. Such a surgery is known as arthroscopic shoulder surgery. When shoulder replacement is conducted with the help of arthroscopy, the procedure is known as arthroscopic shoulder replacement.
At each stage of the arthroscopic shoulder surgery, the surgeon is guided by an image displayed on the television screen. This is a minimally invasive procedure that ensures a quick recovery.
The shoulder has three bones, namely:
A rotator cuff tear, articular cartilage, labrum and surrounding soft tissues can be the cause of pain in the shoulder joint. These areas can get damaged or distorted as a result of some accident. The actual cause of pain can be diagnosed with the help of a shoulder arthroscopy. Sometimes, age-related wear and tear can is also responsible for shoulder joint-related pain and problems.
Symptoms of a shoulder injury include excessive pain in the shoulder joint and stiffness in the shoulder joint that may hinder easy movement of the arm around the shoulder joint. The patient may experience trouble while sleeping with the affected shoulder on one side. Slight swelling can also be observed physically in the joint region.
A physician may recommend a shoulder arthroscopy if your shoulder does not respond well to other alternative treatments such as exercising and physiotherapy. Common rotator cuff surgery can be used to conduct rotator cuff repair, removal or repair of the labrum, repair of ligaments and recurrent shoulder dislocation, and bone spur removal. Some of the less common procedures may include fracture repair, cyst excision, and nerve release.
Images captured by the camera from the arthroscope is directly visible on the monitor in front of the surgeon. The images allow the surgeon to understand the extent of damage and subsequent repair required.
Once the problem is clearly understood, the surgeon inserts surgical instruments through other incisions made in e shoulder. Specific instruments for cutting, grasping, suture passing, knot tying, or shaving are inserted as per the requirement. With the help of sterile strips, the surgeon closes the incision once the job is done.
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