Knee Arthroscopy in South Africa

Every year, approximately 2 to 2.1 million knee arthroscopy surgeries are performed across the world. It is one of the most common procedures, implemented in order to diagnose and cure injuries or damage to the knee. Knee arthroscopy may be required in case an individual suffers internal physical injury to the knee that interferes or tears the anterior cruciate ligament. It is a minimally invasive procedure that which flaunts approximately 90-92% success across the globe. Depending on the cause, and type of damage arthroscopic knee surgery cost may vary from a minimum of $987 to $23,650. 

What is Knee Arthroscopy?

Knee arthroscopy is a procedure implemented by surgeons to cure knee related disorders. There are a total of four ligaments that help in the various knee functioning, which are, the Anterior and Posterior Cruciate Ligaments, Medial and Lateral Collateral Ligaments. Among these, injury to the anterior cruciate ligaments are the most common and affect millions of individuals. Apart from reconstruction of the ligament, knee arthroscopy may also be performed to reposition misplaced patella, or injured meniscus. Such injuries are more common in sports personalities, but can occur in any one. 

Ideal Candidate for Knee Arthroscopy

Evaluation of candidacy for knee arthroscopy is important and carried out first hand. Thus, one can be an ideal candidate for the procedure, if the individual:

  • Suffers from persistent knee pain, inflammation and degenerative diseases
  • Has suffered from a ligament tear
  • Is unresponsive to conservative treatments
  • Needs cartilage repairing
  • Has suffered dislocated meniscus

Factors Affecting the Cost of Knee Arthroscopy

Knee arthroscopy cost mostly varies as per the country where the procedure is being carried out. Hence, the key determining factors for knee arthroscopy are:

  • Extent of damage diagnosed
  • Type and extent of surgical procedure required 
  • Requirement of foreign body insertion (if any)
  • Healthcare benefits availed
  • Proficiency of the surgeons involved.
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About the Knee Arthroscopy

Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure used for the diagnosis and treatment of conditions related to the joints. It is performed with the help of a special instrument called an arthroscope. It comes with an attached video camera and a light. What is observed by the camera is recorded and can be viewed by the surgeon on a television monitor.

Arthroscopic knee surgery is an alternative to total knee replacement and other forms of knee replacement surgery. During the knee arthroscopic surgery, small incisions are made to insert an arthroscope and other surgical tools to correct a defect in or around the knee joint. Total knee replacement, on the other hand, refers to complete removal and replacement of the diseased joint with a prosthetic implant.

When is knee arthroscopy required?

Knee arthroscopy is conducted for the diagnosis and treatment of the following conditions:

  • Inflammation of the knee
  • Injuries such as :

    • Fractures
    • Ligament tear
    • Tendon damage
    • Torn meniscus
    • Misalignment of kneecap
    • Bakers cyst
    • Meniscus tear
    • Loose fragments of bone or cartilage

How is Knee Arthroscopy performed?

First, the surgeon administers anaesthesia. The anaesthesia could be general, local, or spinal, depending on the purpose of the surgery. General anaesthesia causes unconsciousness, local anaesthetic makes area around the knee numb and spinal anaesthetic results in numbness in the lower part of the body.

An incision is made on the knee and then sterile or saline water is injected through the incision to cause expansion. During the surgery, pulse rate, blood pressure, and oxygen levels are continuously monitored.

The surgical site is cleaned with an antiseptic and an incision is made in the area. The arthroscope is then inserted through the incision into the joint, and the images of the joint are produced on the monitor allowing the surgeon to see the internal structure of the knee.

Other incisions are made to insert the surgical tools and the arthroscopic knee surgery is performed. The saline and water are drained from the knee after the procedure. The incision is closed with sutures.

Recovery from Knee Arthroscopy

The patient is discharged from the hospital as soon as he or she is comfortable walking with the help of crutches. In many cases, the patient is discharged on the same or the next day of the surgery.

Knee arthroscopy recovery time is minimal and the patient is able to recover within a few days. An Ace bandage is applied to the surgical site after the surgery to reduce swelling and pain in the leg. The wound should be kept clean and dry and the surgeon should be notified if continuous drainage is seen or if body temperature is elevated.

Recovery Duration post-Knee-Arthroscopic Surgery

Based on the type of surgery and procedure, specific instructions regarding physical exercises are given to the client. Medication regimen should be followed strictly to ensure minimal knee arthroscopy recovery time and the physician should be notified if you take any new medication.

Swelling and pain can be relieved by application of the ice and elevating the lower extremity. Physical exercises should be performed as recommended by the physiotherapist as it helps increase the range of motion.

Knee Arthroscopy Risks

  • Excessive bleeding
  • Breathing problems associated with anaesthesia
  • Allergic reactions
  • Infection at the site of surgery 

Patient Stories

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the health care infrastructure of South Africa / Why should opt for South Africa as a destination for your medical treatment?
Like most countries, hospitals in South Africa are based upon public and private healthcare systems. There are three main levels of healthcare based upon the payment method of the patient.
  • The full paying patients are those who usually prefer to be treated by a doctor working in the private sector. They can also be funded by an external source. Many non-South African citizens also prefer this treatment service.
  • Fully subsidized patients are those who have been referred from a Primary Healthcare Service Hospital.
  • Partially subsidized patients are patients whose costs are subsidized based on the amount of their income.
The public healthcare system has three main centers for health under its wing:
  • Clinics - These are run by trained professionals and nurses. They can serve as the first point of contact for a patient.
  • Community Healthcare Centre - This is a bigger setup, complete with full-fledged services and doctors and nurses.
  • Hospital - A patient usually gets here after a referral from a clinic or community health center. One can also go in for emergencies. A hospital provides various services like performing surgery and treating chronic illnesses.
Hospitals in South Africa are gearing up to tackle major illnesses and to provide better treatment options. The South African government is also working to introduce policies and towards accommodating more patients from all across the world. It is a great country to find affordable treatment options.
What are the conditions of the hospitals in South Africa? Are they JCI certified? What is the quality of the support staff in the hospitals
The Joint Commission International (JCI) accredits and certifies most health care organizations and programs all around the world. Joint Commission International Accreditation and Certification is recognized as the global leader for health care quality of care and patient safety.
Are the doctors/surgeons in South Africa of the best quality?
Doctors associated with Medigence are of the best quality. We hope to give our patients a pleasant experience and the best doctors we can find. Since South Africa has a lot of requirements in the field of healthcare, the country attracts doctors from all over the world to contribute their services. This can help to ensure that even you receive the best quality of doctors.
What is the process for obtaining a medical visa in South Africa?
One can apply for a visa to South Africa for a period of 90 days. The High Commission of India can then help one decide for how long a visa can be extended. This usually differs from person to person. The Medical Visa allows a person to stay for a maximum of six months with a valid visa. After this, one can go to the FRO office ( Foreigner’s Registration Office ) or FRRO (Foreigner's Regional Registration Office) and request for an extension. Do note that the validity of a visa begins on the day it is issued by the High Commission of India and not on the date of departure. Applications for visas will not be accepted more than 30 days prior to departure.
What support services does MediGence provide in the United Arab Emirates?
MediGence enables you to plan and manage your medical decisions better. These are some of our services offered:
  • Expert Opinion
    We help you seek an Expert Opinion on your diagnosis and treatment from an experienced team of doctors at MediGence and specialists from a reputable hospital.
  • Hospital Recommendation
    We recommend a hospital or a healthcare institution that is best suited for you, based on your ailment and its criticality.
  • 360-degree Hospital Review
    We give you a transparent and holistic view of the hospital and its infrastructure, accreditation, facilities, and expertise to give you confidence.
  • Doctor Validation and Communication
    We share a comprehensive profile of the treating doctor and also arrange a call to clear queries regarding treatment if needed.
  • Options to Choose From
    Based on your choice of destination and other preferences, we provide you multiple options with respect to hospitals and doctors to choose from.
  • 24X7 Patient Care Support
    A dedicated patient case manager stays in constant touch with you to help you at every step of the decision-making process and resolve queries that you may have.
  • Transparent Treatment Cost and Other Expenses
    We give a clear and accurate indication of the total cost of treatment including treatment, stay, meals, and other expenses.
  • Visa Assistance
    We provide and help prepare documentation for visa approval and coordinate with the embassy to expedite the visa process.
  • Accommodation Arrangements
    We propose to you a choice of accommodation based on your preference such as long stay, short stay, or luxury properties.
Which are the best cities in South Africa for medical treatment?
While many cities are striving to create some of the best hospitals in South Africa, Durban, Lenasia, and Cape Town already have some very good hospitals for treatment in South Africa. Located in Durban, Ethekwini Hospital and Heart Centre is a reasonable and affordable hospital in South Africa. Life Kingsbury Hospital in Capetown provides a holistic healing environment for patients. One can also opt for the Ahmed Kathrada Private Hospital in Lenasia. This hospital has been running for nearly 30 years now and various medical facilities can be availed from here.

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