Microdiscectomy is also known as microdecompression or cervical microdiscectomy. It is one of the most commonly performed spine surgery procedures.
Microdiscectomy or cervical microdiscectomy is preferred for patients with a lumbar herniated disc. The main goal of a discectomy is to relieve the pressure on a spinal nerve root by removing the material causing the pain. Traditionally, this purpose was solved by an open technique called lumbar discectomy surgery, which involves making a large incision to cut some of the back muscles, leading to a slow and painful recovery. Nowadays, an advanced form of surgery called microdiscectomy can achieve the same goal that too with the help of a small incision and fewer injury to back muscles. As a result, the recovery takes less time and is less painful. A special microscope is used in microdiscectomy to view the disc and nerves. The larger view allows the surgeon to make a smaller incision, causing less damage to the surrounding tissues.
Sciatica is a condition caused by compression of the spinal nerve, which generally results in chronic pain in the legs of the patients. This compression of the spinal nerve is frequently the result of a herniated lumbar disc. As a herniagrows, the damaged tissue extends into the spinal column and pushes on the nerves. This condition causes the nerves to send pain signals to the brain and the brain interprets the pain source to be coming from the legs.
Most commonly, sciatica heals naturally or with the help of medication in a few weeks. But, if sciatica lasts more than 12 weeks after taking oral medicines, patients may benefit from discectomy. Discectomy is also used for the treatment of spondylosis and lumbar spinal stenosis. While spondylosis occurs due to degenerative osteoarthritis of the vertebrae, lumbar spinal stenosis occurs due to narrowing of the spinal canal leading to nerve compression. The latter may also warrant the need for a spinal stenosis surgery.
Lumbar discectomy surgery is typically performed for rehabilitation of a herniated disc. The same thing is done during microdiscectomy, but with the help of a special microscope. During this procedure, a small part of the bone over the nerve root and disc material under the nerve root is taken out, which finally result in relieving pressure on the spinal nerve column. The microdiscectomy treatment starts by giving general anesthesia to the patient. The patient will be unconscious during the entire surgery and is not able to feel anything. Preoperative intravenous antibiotics are given before the surgery.
The procedure is performed with the patient lying face down, generally using a special operating table with special paddings. The surgical region is cleansed with a cleaning solution. A one-to two-centimeter incision is made directly over the area of the herniated disc. Special retractors and a lighted operating microscope are used to allow the surgeon to see the region of the spine. It helps in minimizing or avoid cutting of the adjacent muscles and tissues.
Before removing a herniated disc, a small piece of bone called lamina is removed from the affected vertebra. This is called a laminotomy, a procedure which allows the surgeon to fully visualize the herniated disc. Small scissor-like tools and grasping instruments are used to remove the protruding disc material. Lastly, the incision area is washed out with sterile water containing antibiotics and the deep fascial layer and subcutaneous layers are closed with a few sutures. The skin is fixed up using special surgical glue and does not require bandages.
The microdiscectomy recovery time is much less than any other invasive procedure. Typically, the patient can expect to leave the hospital within 24 hours of the surgery. Patients may be advised to meet a physical therapist before leaving the hospital. The therapist will instruct the patient on how to reduce twisting and bending of the back. The therapist may advise some exercises to improve the strength and flexibility of the muscles around the spine.
Patients are advised not to drive, sit for a prolonged period, lift anything heavy and bend over immediately after the surgery. The patient is able to resume normal activities after two weeks, but they are advised to avoid lifting heavy objects for at least four weeks after the surgery. Full recovery after microdiscectomy procedure takes at least four to six weeks.
Microdiscectomy is a faster pain relief option than nonsurgical treatment in case of a lumbar herniated disc, but it is not significantly clear that whether surgery makes a difference in what treatment may be needed later on.
Some post-microdiscectomy researchers determined that people who have had microdiscectomy have reported similar improvements as other treatments after one year of surgery. Although it is a less invasive procedure in comparison to other treatment such as spinal fusion, microdiscectomy also involves certain risks just like any other surgery.
Some of the common microdiscectomy risks are:
Microdiscectomy cost in Malaysia starts from about $9500. Only some of the best and certified hospitals in Malaysia perform Microdiscectomy for international patients.
Microdiscectomy package cost in Malaysia has different inclusions and exclusions. The Microdiscectomy package cost usually includes all the expenses related to pre and post surgery expenses of the patient. The Microdiscectomy procedure in Malaysia includes the fees of the surgeon, hospitalization and anesthesia as well. There are many things that may increase the cost of Microdiscectomy in Malaysia, including prolonged hospital stay and complications after the procedure.
Microdiscectomy in Malaysia is offered by multiple hospitals across the country. The top hospitals for Microdiscectomy in Malaysia include the following:
After Microdiscectomy in Malaysia, the patient is supposed to stay in guest house for another 14 days. During this time, the patient undergoes medical tests and consultations. this is to ensure that the treatment was successful and the patient us safe to return.
While Malaysia is considered to be one of the best destinations for Microdiscectomy owing to the standard of Hospitals, and expertise of doctors; there are a select few destinations which provide comparable quality of healthcare for the procedure However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Microdiscectomy as well:
|United Arab Emirates||USD 11000|
Apart from the cost of Microdiscectomy, the patient is also required to pay additionally for daily meals and guest house accommodation. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
There are many cities that offer Microdiscectomy in Malaysia, including the following:
After the Microdiscectomy takes place, the average duration of stay at the hospital is about 1 days. This phase is important to ensure that the patient is recovering well and is clinically stable. During this time, several tests are performed before the patient is deemed suitable for discharge.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer Microdiscectomy in Malaysia. The above listed hospitals are approved to perform the surgery and have proper infrastructure to handle Microdiscectomy patients. These hospitals comply with all the rules and regulations as dictated by the regulatory bodies and medical association in Malaysia
Malaysia has many reputed hospital groups, such as:
These hospitals are more focused on providing quality treatment and are supported by the latest medical technologies and excellent infrastructure. With a two-tier healthcare system in Malaysia, the hospitals are highly advanced because of extensive support from the Malaysian government through investment in medical infrastructure. Malaysian Hospitals, with well-trained staff and excellent facilities, are on par with well-developed countries and have shown significant improvement in the last ten years.
The healthcare systems in Malaysia receive accreditation from Malaysian Society for Quality in Health (MSQH) and JCI. Presently, there are 12 JCI-accredited hospitals in Malaysia and all of them ensure that they meet global standards. MSQH, Malaysia’s Ministry of Health, Association of Private Hospitals Malaysia and Malaysian Medical Association have come together to raise the standards of healthcare in Malaysia. There is a strict evaluation process for receiving healthcare accreditation in Malaysia and the interested hospitals have to meet all the requirements set by the accreditation bodies.
Solid public-private healthcare collaboration and governmental participation have contributed to a strongly-built healthcare system in Malaysia, making it one of the most favored destinations for medical tourists. Supported by cutting-edge technology, advanced infrastructure, and skilled medical professionals, Malaysia provides quality and affordable healthcare. Malaysia has achieved high success rates in fertility treatments and cardiology with world-class hospitals. Malaysia is also popular among medical tourists because of its food, cultural diversity, and heritage spots.
The high-quality doctors in Malaysia have global exposure which makes them efficient in treating various conditions. Malaysia produces one of the finest doctors in the world because it has a strict evaluation process for offering degrees to them, and also the doctors need to serve in the public sector for at least 3 years, making them attain a high level of professionalism. Doctors in Malaysia have received worldwide recognition for their high success rates in IVF and cardiac procedures. Malaysia offers all medical tourists the facility of applying for eVisa for traveling to the country for treatment and reside there for a period of 30 days.
Medical tourists can apply for eVisa for traveling to Malaysia to get medical treatment and reside there for a period of 30 days under the Malaysian Healthcare Travellers Program (MHTP). eVISA remains valid for 3 months and it can be availed through online platforms. You need to provide the following things to obtain an eVisa:
Medical Attendant Visa is granted to the person accompanying the patient to Malaysia and two persons are allowed to travel with the patient.
Malaysia is known for providing some popular procedures, with high success rates, such as prostate surgery, cosmetic surgery, dental work, vitiligo treatment, cancer care, discectomy. Malaysia has reached a great height in cancer treatment through gene therapy which has many benefits, such as minimal adverse effects of current chemo-drugs, shorter treatment time, and reduced treatment costs. With a high success rate of 55 to 60, IVF in Malaysia is much affordable and performed using the latest technology. Malaysia has highly trained orthopedic doctors who have reported high success rates in procedures like shoulder replacement, knee replacement surgery, and hip replacement.
Some of the leading medical tourism destinations in Malaysia are
The cities in Malaysia deliver a world-class treatment experience through their superior hospitals backed with state-of-art infrastructure and talented doctors. Kuala Lumpur and Penang attract most of the medical tourists due to their excellent public transportation system, availability of cheap accommodation, and connectivity through airlines. These cities have become leading medical tourism destinations in Malaysia due to many other factors, such as a large pool of world-class hospitals, rich heritage, scenic value, availability of translators, and safety of tourists.
A medical tourist traveling to Malaysia needs to get below vaccines:
Before a trip to Malaysia, you can get pre-exposure vaccination against rabies. Children are more vulnerable. Japanese encephalitis is common in Malaysia and can be prevented through vaccination. Travellers arriving from countries with a risk of Yellow Fever may need an International Certificate of Vaccination.
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