Spine Surgery is a type of neurosurgery that is also known as microdecompression. During this procedure, a small part of the bone decompressing the nerve root or the spinal cord is removed to relieve pain arising out of the condition. This procedure is considered to be more effective in the treatment of leg pain or sciatica arising out of compression of nerve root than the lower back pain. This treatment provides immediate relief from pain. The spine can get damaged due to various reasons such as structural abnormalities, trauma, improper body mechanisms, aging, to name just a few. These factors of spine injury most probably result in back pain, numbness, and leg pain as well as leg weakness. In the case of chronic back pain, a highly-professional team of medical staff is required to diagnose and treat the same.
Generally, Spine Surgery takes place when the non-surgical treatments such as physical therapy, medications, etc. have failed to show some positive results. However, a surgery happens only when the exact source of pain has been figured out, for instance – spinal stenosis, scoliosis or herniated disc.
The best spine surgery treatment in India arises with the modern infrastructure of hospitals with more than 100 beds and luxury suites, operation theatres, over one advanced laboratory, ICUs, patient interpreters, and advanced intensive therapy unit. The operation theatres are fortified with catheterization laboratory and laminar air flow system. The hospitals also have digital imaging facilities and computerized diagnostic laboratories. For the suitability of the patient, the spine hospitals also have emergency medical services, blood banks, Wi-Fi in the campuses, ambulance services, and multi-cuisine cafeterias.
These specialized hospitals for the treatment of microdiscectomy in India are fortified with the newest tools and machinery necessary for complete care and treatment. Few of the newest medical equipment in the Indian hospitals are CT scan, MRI scan, EEG, EMG, 2D Echo, digital X-ray, USG, PET- MR, C-Arm, BrainLab Navigation System, PET-CT, NovalisTx, Portable CT Scanner, DSA Lab, Tilting MRI, Cobalt based HDR Brachytherapy, Hyperbaric Chamber, Endosonography, Fibroscan, 128 Slice CT scanner, 3 Tesla MRI, Gamma Camera, AEC (Automatic Exposure Control) and Da Vinci Robotic Surgery.
Spine Surgery cost in India is much lower when compared to the Western countries in spite of the fact that the quality of services stays inflexible. This is one of the main reasons why India has developed as one of the major medical tourism centers in the world. The total price of spinal surgery in India, depends on the hospital prices, the total length of hospital stay, the cost linked with any side procedures if conducted and the payments charged by the surgeons. It may also depend on the recovery rate and the rehabilitation necessary after the procedure.
India is one such country which welcomes international patients with open arms who seek to undergo a high-quality and cost-effective Spine Surgery. With the intention of providing relief to as many people as possible from their back pain, the cost of Spine Surgery in India is highly reasonable. India boasts of internationally-trained medical professionals having endless years of experience in the field of Spine Surgery which with the help of state-of-the-art technology, ensure to treat the patients in the best manner possible.
Interestingly, the Spine Surgery cost in India is 60 to 70 percent lower than the rest of the well-developed countries such as the United States of America, United Kingdom, Russia, Australia, etc. However, you will notice that the cost of Spine Surgery in Delhi is quite different than the cost of Spine Surgery in Mumbai. Location of the hospital plays a major role in making a difference in the cost of Spinal Surgery in India. But, to be clearer, the approximate Spinal Surgery cost in India is $3,500 to $8,000. In the case of USA, UK, Thailand and Singapore, the cost of Spine Surgery is around $30,000 to $60,000, $32,000 to $48,000, $4,500 to $9,500 and $5,500 to $11,500 respectively.
However, there is one important point that you need to remember while estimating the cost of Spine Surgery. There are a lot of factors which affect the final cost of Spine Surgery. Some of the most well-known factors are –
Type of Surgery
Type of Hospital
Brand value of the hospital
Location of the hospital
Patient’s medical history
Microdiscectomy is also known as microdecompression or cervical microdiscectomy. It is one of the most commonly performed spine surgery procedures.
Microdiscectomy or cervical microdiscectomy is preferred for patients with a lumbar herniated disc. The main goal of a discectomy is to relieve the pressure on a spinal nerve root by removing the material causing the pain. Traditionally, this purpose was solved by an open technique called lumbar discectomy surgery, which involves making a large incision to cut some of the back muscles, leading to a slow and painful recovery. Nowadays, an advanced form of surgery called microdiscectomy can achieve the same goal that too with the help of a small incision and fewer injury to back muscles. As a result, the recovery takes less time and is less painful. A special microscope is used in microdiscectomy to view the disc and nerves. The larger view allows the surgeon to make a smaller incision, causing less damage to the surrounding tissues.
Sciatica is a condition caused by compression of the spinal nerve, which generally results in chronic pain in the legs of the patients. This compression of the spinal nerve is frequently the result of a herniated lumbar disc. As a herniagrows, the damaged tissue extends into the spinal column and pushes on the nerves. This condition causes the nerves to send pain signals to the brain and the brain interprets the pain source to be coming from the legs.
Most commonly, sciatica heals naturally or with the help of medication in a few weeks. But, if sciatica lasts more than 12 weeks after taking oral medicines, patients may benefit from discectomy. Discectomy is also used for the treatment of spondylosis and lumbar spinal stenosis. While spondylosis occurs due to degenerative osteoarthritis of the vertebrae, lumbar spinal stenosis occurs due to narrowing of the spinal canal leading to nerve compression. The latter may also warrant the need for a spinal stenosis surgery.
Lumbar discectomy surgery is typically performed for rehabilitation of a herniated disc. The same thing is done during microdiscectomy, but with the help of a special microscope. During this procedure, a small part of the bone over the nerve root and disc material under the nerve root is taken out, which finally result in relieving pressure on the spinal nerve column. The microdiscectomy treatment starts by giving general anesthesia to the patient. The patient will be unconscious during the entire surgery and is not able to feel anything. Preoperative intravenous antibiotics are given before the surgery.
The procedure is performed with the patient lying face down, generally using a special operating table with special paddings. The surgical region is cleansed with a cleaning solution. A one-to two-centimeter incision is made directly over the area of the herniated disc. Special retractors and a lighted operating microscope are used to allow the surgeon to see the region of the spine. It helps in minimizing or avoid cutting of the adjacent muscles and tissues.
Before removing a herniated disc, a small piece of bone called lamina is removed from the affected vertebra. This is called a laminotomy, a procedure which allows the surgeon to fully visualize the herniated disc. Small scissor-like tools and grasping instruments are used to remove the protruding disc material. Lastly, the incision area is washed out with sterile water containing antibiotics and the deep fascial layer and subcutaneous layers are closed with a few sutures. The skin is fixed up using special surgical glue and does not require bandages.
The microdiscectomy recovery time is much less than any other invasive procedure. Typically, the patient can expect to leave the hospital within 24 hours of the surgery. Patients may be advised to meet a physical therapist before leaving the hospital. The therapist will instruct the patient on how to reduce twisting and bending of the back. The therapist may advise some exercises to improve the strength and flexibility of the muscles around the spine.
Patients are advised not to drive, sit for a prolonged period, lift anything heavy and bend over immediately after the surgery. The patient is able to resume normal activities after two weeks, but they are advised to avoid lifting heavy objects for at least four weeks after the surgery. Full recovery after microdiscectomy procedure takes at least four to six weeks.
Microdiscectomy is a faster pain relief option than nonsurgical treatment in case of a lumbar herniated disc, but it is not significantly clear that whether surgery makes a difference in what treatment may be needed later on.
Some post-microdiscectomy researchers determined that people who have had microdiscectomy have reported similar improvements as other treatments after one year of surgery. Although it is a less invasive procedure in comparison to other treatment such as spinal fusion, microdiscectomy also involves certain risks just like any other surgery.
Some of the common microdiscectomy risks are:
Microdiscectomy Surgery in India has developed as one of the effective surgeries. In India, the complete solutions for the best microdiscectomy surgeries are accessible across the country. The rebuilding and maintenance of spine function by dealing disorders of the spine with both non-operative and difficult surgical treatment modalities, microdiscectomy is a truly distinctive subspecialty of
After its wide-ranging attendance on the worldwide medical arena, microdiscectomy in India is methodically concentrated on how to make sure it's patients befit of their spinal disorders or conditions easily. Well equipped with innovative medical technologies such as Computerized Tomography, Neuro-Navigation, advanced computerized image guidance system, Magnetic Resonance Imaging and many more, India is making sure to progress with its outstanding built-in-class spinal surgeries and treatments in India.
List of best doctors in microdiscectomy in India:
Some of the best cities to get Lumbar Microdiscectomy treatment in India done include Hyderabad, Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Pune, Chennai, Ahmedabad, and Kolkata.
These metropolitan cities have highly skilled and acclaimed doctors, cost-effective treatment procedures and world-class medical facilities. These hospitals provide many services including a private chef, supporting staffs, translators and private rooms with phone and Wi-Fi connections. They offer quality health services at reasonable costs alongside the finest treatment with positive results.
The success rate of L4-L5 surgery differs from 85%-95%. In recent years, India has emerged to be more successful in treating patients all over the globe with their expert doctors and high-end application of robotics with laser technology decreasing stitches and cuts.
The surgical technique of spine surgery is effective in giving about 80-90% relieve from pain especially in the buttocks and legs. A patient feels instant relief from pain but in some specific cases, it can take 5-7 weeks to heal the nerve down. The success rate is rarely 100% when a nerve has been pinched for an extensive period of time. The success rate is as seldom in this case as there is usually mild pain, tingling or weakness which is fairly tolerable.
The list of world-class Spine hospitals in India is as follows
Being one of the best healthcare destinations in the world, India provides all kinds of Spine Surgeries to the patients. However, the most popular types of Spine Surgeries in India are –
Due to a hernia, the discs of the spine are pushed outwards which also affects the nerves surrounding the area. In order to treat the same, the procedure of Discectomy takes place in which a section of the disc gets removed.
A roof-like covering called Lamina has the feature of basically protecting the spinal cord. In case the nerves inside the Lamina get compressed, it is treated by opening up the Lamina in order to operate the nerves.
In this procedure, a destabilized spine is temporarily stabilized by keeping two or more parts of the bone at a firm place with the help of screws and rods. As time goes by, the tissue of the bone grows over the mechanical parts making them act like a single solid bone which as a result provides the structure its planned rigidity.
When only a single disc creates complexities and all the other surrounding discs and facet joints are okay, then that one disc is replaced with the help of Disc Replacement procedure.
The passages that carry nerve bundles from the spinal cord are known as intervertebral foramina. There are times when due to intervertebral foramina, the nerves get compressed. In order to relieve the pressure, Foraminotomy is carried out which is basically a minimally invasive procedure.
Patients who undergo the Spine Surgery in India can easily get out of bed and walk within that particular day or the next day. In order to keep the effects of the surgery long lasting, the patients are told to walk and do ordinary daily activities in a limited manner. Patients should avoid lifting heavy things, bending frequently, turning, climbing or twisting for first 6 weeks right after the surgery.
After the completion of 6 weeks, the patients are given physical therapy in order to gain strength and recover at a fast rate. When the first 3 months are over, the patients can increase the number of daily activities and slowly perform any sports activity which is very low on impact.
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