Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Treatment in Spain

Polycystic ovarian disease is one of the most common endocrine or hormonal disorder in females of reproductive age. It is characterized by infrequent or prolonged periods and higher levels of male hormones called androgens.

Since females suffering from PCOD may suffer from a combination of different symptoms, it is also known as polycystic ovarian syndrome. The objective of PCOS treatment is to control or reduce the severity of the symptoms by treating the underlying cause. Some of the most common forms of treatment include birth control pills to regulate menstrual cycles, hormones to regulate ovulation and drugs such as metformin and statins to control blood sugar and cholesterol levels.

Losing weight, staying physically active, and reducing the intake of carbohydrates are known to help women with PCOS.

What are the factors leading to Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Treatment?

PCOS treatment is required in the following categories of females:

  • Women with severe symptoms such as excessive facial hair growth, irregular periods, and severe acne
  • Women who are facing difficulty conceiving a baby due to the absence of ovulation or periods

Some women may have PCOS but may not know it because of the absence of any symptoms.

Factors Affecting the cost of PCOS Treatment

The following factors affect polycystic ovarian syndrome treatment cost:

  • The form of treatment – medications, lifestyle changes, or surgery such as ovarian drilling
  • Purpose of treatment – weight loss, reduce symptoms or successful conception
  • Experience of the specialist
  • Choice of clinic or hospital
  • Duration of treatment
  • Severity of symptoms
  • Age of the candidate
  • Other underlying comorbidities
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About the Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Treatment

Women suffering from polycystic ovarian syndrome may show different symptoms. Therefore, polycystic ovarian syndrome treatment for them may differ depending on their concerns.

For example, some women suffering from PCOS could be overweight, therefore, weight loss and diet monitoring may be advised to them initially. Some women with PCOS may have a normal body mass index (BMI), however, they could be suffering from other symptoms such as cystic acne or excessive facial hair. Therefore, she may be put on birth control pills for a while to negate the symptoms.

The following are some of the most common forms of polycystic ovarian syndrome treatment available worldwide:

For women not planning a pregnancy

  • Self-care: Weight loss, lifestyle modifications, and physical exercising
  • Medications: Anti-diabetic medications (metformin), statins, and hormone and hair inhibitors
  • Hormonal: Birth control pills

For women planning a pregnancy

  • Self-care: Weight loss, lifestyle modifications, and physical exercising
  • Medications: Anti-diabetic medications (metformin), statins, and hormone and hair inhibitors
  • Ovarian stimulation: Gonadotropins, letrozole, and Clomid
  • Surgery: Laparoscopic ovarian drilling (ovarian diathermy)

In laparoscopic ovarian drilling, two to three minor incisions are made in the lower abdomen to pass the laparoscope and instruments through which the laser is passed. The ovarian cysts producing high amounts of androgens are ruptures with the help of heat generated by the laser. This lowers the LH and testosterone levels and therefore, the hormone imbalance is temporarily restored.

Symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

The following are some of the symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome:

  • Irregular periods
  • Absence of periods
  • Difficulty getting pregnant
  • Excessive hair growth (hirsutism) mainly on the neck, face, back, and chest
  • Weight gain
  • Male-type baldness
  • Hair thinning
  • Cystic acne
  • Oily skin
  • Depression and mood swings
  • Severe premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

Diagnosis for PCOS

Irregular periods or absence of periods is one common sign that may indicate that the woman may have a polycystic ovarian syndrome. However, it can only be confirmed with the help of ultrasound during a regular visit to the gynecologist.

The following tests are performed to confirm PCOS:

  • Ultrasound (abdominal or transvaginal)
  • Blood work-up: LH, FSH, blood sugar, TSH, free testosterone, and Prolactin

Who all can get PCOS Treatment?

Not all women suffering from the polycystic ovarian syndrome are a candidate for treatment. The following women are advised to seek treatment for the polycystic ovarian syndrome:

  • Those with irregular or missing periods
  • Women with severe symptoms such as cystic acne, hair loss or thinning, and considerable weight gain
  • Women trying to conceive but are unable to due to irregular ovulation

How is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Treatment performed?

Recovery from Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) Treatment

There are plenty of options available when it comes to PCOS treatment. However, the approach to treatment should be decided based on an individual's profile and factors such as age, symptoms, regularity of menses, and expectations out of the treatment.

Each treatment type has its benefits and risks. While the main benefit is to manage the symptoms and improve the quality of life, some of the common risks of drugs and medications (including birth control pills) may include weight gain, mood swings, hot flashes, and nausea. However, none of the risks are serious or pose a threat to life.

If laparoscopic ovarian drilling has been advised to the woman, then the recovery is fairly quick. Since it is a laparoscopic procedure, the discharge takes place on the very next day. The minor stitches are removed after 7 to 10 days of the procedure and you can return to a normal routine after that. However, ladies are advised not to perform high-impact exercising for at least a month. To exercise, a normal brisk walk is advisable.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the health care infrastructure of Spain / Why should opt for Spain as a destination for your medical treatment?
Spain has a uni payer healthcare system. This means that there is universal coverage for most of the expenses (excluding prescription drugs). One might have to wait for quite some time to avail of elective procedure treatment in Spain. Non-European travelers must have valid health insurance coverage to benefit from the hospitals in Spain. One can also avail of it on a residency visa. The private insurance system helps you to avail the benefits at monthly costs. The taxes in Spain are comparatively lower than those of other European countries. Hence, one can surely opt for this country for medical treatment.
What are the conditions of the hospitals in Spain? Are they JCI certified? What is the quality of the support staff in the hospitals?
The Joint Commission International (JCI) is a global leader in health care accreditation. JCI accreditation is considered a gold standard in worldwide health care. It provides the most skilled and experienced healthcare professionals in the medical industry, as evaluators of the rigorous international standards in healthcare quality and patient safety. Here are a few JCI certified hospitals in Spain :
  • Vithas Xanit International Hospital
  • Grupo Hospitalario Quirónsalud
  • Centro Médico Quironsalud Teknon
  • Hospital General de Catalunya
  • Instituto de Microcirugía Ocular (IMO Barcelona)
  • Sanitas Hospitales
  • Guttmann Institute
  • Instituto Balear de Oftalmología (IBO)
Are the doctors/surgeons in Spain of the best quality?
The hospitals in Spain are based on “el sistema national de salud” which provides high-quality care and medical centres, that is, “centros de salud”. This system has public and private healthcare systems, often within the same level. Since many countries send ex-pats here, one can even find an English speaking doctor very easily. Most doctors are adequately skilled and can handle the cases.
What is the process for obtaining a medical visa in Spain?
One has to apply for a Schengen Visa to gain entry into Spain for a medical purpose. The required documents when applying for a Schengen Visa for Medical Treatment are as follows:
  1. Visa application form.
  2. Two photos.
  3. Valid travel document/passport.
  4. A copy of your passport's data page.
  5. Roundtrip flight reservation.
  6. Travel Medical Insurance.
  7. Proof of accommodation
What support services does MediGence provide in Spain?
MediGence has been praised on a global scale for the list of services they provide. Apart from the listed services, the staff and the guides are adorned for their customer interaction, impromptu assistance, and various other assistance related guidance throughout the tour. Thus, the list of services provided by MediGence are:
  • Insurance query related guidance
  • In-detail guidance till completion of the medical tour
  • Visa Assistance
  • Free airport to hospital transfer
  • On-Ground Support
  • Teleconsultations
  • Accommodations Assistance
  • Rehabilitation and recovery services
Which are the best cities in Spain for medical treatment?
Spain has many cities like Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, and Pamplona that have some of the best hospitals in Spain. Madrid has good hospitals for general and reproductive health facilities. Barcelona has hospitals specializing in child healthcare.

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