Polycystic ovarian disease is one of the most common endocrine or hormonal disorder in females of reproductive age. It is characterized by infrequent or prolonged periods and higher levels of male hormones called androgens.
Since females suffering from PCOD may suffer from a combination of different symptoms, it is also known as polycystic ovarian syndrome. The objective of PCOS treatment is to control or reduce the severity of the symptoms by treating the underlying cause. Some of the most common forms of treatment include birth control pills to regulate menstrual cycles, hormones to regulate ovulation and drugs such as metformin and statins to control blood sugar and cholesterol levels.
Losing weight, staying physically active, and reducing the intake of carbohydrates are known to help women with PCOS.
PCOS treatment is required in the following categories of females:
Some women may have PCOS but may not know it because of the absence of any symptoms.
The following factors affect polycystic ovarian syndrome treatment cost:
Women suffering from polycystic ovarian syndrome may show different symptoms. Therefore, polycystic ovarian syndrome treatment for them may differ depending on their concerns.
For example, some women suffering from PCOS could be overweight, therefore, weight loss and diet monitoring may be advised to them initially. Some women with PCOS may have a normal body mass index (BMI), however, they could be suffering from other symptoms such as cystic acne or excessive facial hair. Therefore, she may be put on birth control pills for a while to negate the symptoms.
The following are some of the most common forms of polycystic ovarian syndrome treatment available worldwide:
For women not planning a pregnancy
For women planning a pregnancy
In laparoscopic ovarian drilling, two to three minor incisions are made in the lower abdomen to pass the laparoscope and instruments through which the laser is passed. The ovarian cysts producing high amounts of androgens are ruptures with the help of heat generated by the laser. This lowers the LH and testosterone levels and therefore, the hormone imbalance is temporarily restored.
The following are some of the symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome:
Irregular periods or absence of periods is one common sign that may indicate that the woman may have a polycystic ovarian syndrome. However, it can only be confirmed with the help of ultrasound during a regular visit to the gynecologist.
The following tests are performed to confirm PCOS:
Not all women suffering from the polycystic ovarian syndrome are a candidate for treatment. The following women are advised to seek treatment for the polycystic ovarian syndrome:
There are plenty of options available when it comes to PCOS treatment. However, the approach to treatment should be decided based on an individual's profile and factors such as age, symptoms, regularity of menses, and expectations out of the treatment.
Each treatment type has its benefits and risks. While the main benefit is to manage the symptoms and improve the quality of life, some of the common risks of drugs and medications (including birth control pills) may include weight gain, mood swings, hot flashes, and nausea. However, none of the risks are serious or pose a threat to life.
If laparoscopic ovarian drilling has been advised to the woman, then the recovery is fairly quick. Since it is a laparoscopic procedure, the discharge takes place on the very next day. The minor stitches are removed after 7 to 10 days of the procedure and you can return to a normal routine after that. However, ladies are advised not to perform high-impact exercising for at least a month. To exercise, a normal brisk walk is advisable.
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