The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ located in your lower neck. The thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate the body system. Thyroidectomy is the surgery that involves the removal of total or a part of the thyroid gland.
Symptoms of thyroid that may need a thyroidectomy (thyroid removal)
a. Nodule or Cyst – A small growth on the thyroid gland is called nodule or a cyst that may require thyroidectomy.
b. Thyroid cancer symptoms due to cancer growth on thyroid gland
c. Thyrotoxicosis – Hyperthyroidism or overactive thyroid may cause a need for thyroidectomy.
d. Benign tumors – Non-cancerous tumors that cause symptoms require thyroidectomy.
e. Goiter – Increase in the size of the thyroid gland
Thyroid removal is of two types:
If the surgery involves the removal of the whole thyroid gland, then this surgery is called as total thyroidectomy. It is used to relieve symptoms of thyroid cancer.
This procedure involves the removal of part of the thyroid gland and is used to treat symptoms of thyroid.
Types of surgical procedures
In this surgical procedure, the incision is made on the neck that provides direct access to the thyroid gland.
Endoscopic thyroidectomy is a minimally invasive procedure that involves small incisions through which a video camera is inserted. The video camera guides the surgeon during the surgery.
This surgery is performed by making the incisions on the chest or armpit.
This surgical procedure is performed depending upon the cause for the surgery. Firstly, general anesthesia is administered that makes you unconscious during the surgery.
Your surgeon will assess your heart rate, blood pressure, and blood oxygen by connecting different monitors to your body. An antiseptic liquid will be used to clean the neck before making an incision to prevent the infection. Your surgeon makes a 3-4 inch incision on your neck. A two-inch incision is also made depending upon the surgery. After the incision, the surgeon will have direct access to the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is then removed. The total or partial thyroid gland is then removed depending upon the underlying cause. After removing the thyroid gland, the surgeon sutures the incision.
Bleeding – Bleeding during the surgery is a common complication.
Infection – Infection may occur during the surgery or after surgery.
Changes in the voice – Damage to the nerves of vocal cords and larynx during the surgery may cause hoarseness and weakness of voice along with difficulty in swallowing.
Airway obstruction – It is a rare complication that is seen after the surgery.
Hypocalcemia – Injury to the parathyroid hormones during the surgery decreases calcium levels.
Thyroid storm – Hyperthyroidism may occur which can be treated with hormones.
After the surgery, you will be monitored for 24 hours
You may have drainage from your neck which will be reduced gradually
You should eat soft food to prevent excess pressure on the neck
You should take thyroid hormone daily for your whole life
Hoarseness or weakness in the voice is present which can be resolved
Pain medications can be taken to reduce the pain after surgery
After discharge, you should take sufficient rest. Keep your head raised while sleeping to avoid stress on the neck.
Keep the wound dry to prevent infections
Avoid strenuous activities that impose stress on the neck
Consult your physician if you experience pain, soreness, redness, swelling, and fever.
Thyroidectomy cost in Malaysia varies from one hospital to the other. The cost quoted by some of the best hospitals for Thyroidectomy in Malaysia generally covers the pre-surgery investigations of the patient. Typically, the package cost of Thyroidectomy in Malaysia includes the expenses related to the surgeon's fee, anesthesia, hospital, meals, nursing and ICU stay. Stay outside the package duration, post-operative complications and diagnosis of a new condition may further increase the Thyroidectomy cost in Malaysia.
There are several best hospitals for Thyroidectomy in Malaysia. The following are some of the most renowned hospitals for Thyroidectomy in Malaysia:
After Thyroidectomy in Malaysia, the patient is supposed to stay in guest house for another 18 days. During this time, the patient undergoes medical tests and consultations. this is to ensure that the treatment was successful and the patient us safe to return.
Malaysia is undoubtedly one of the best countries for Thyroidectomy in the world. It offers the best medical expertise and good patient experience at an affordable cost. However, there are other countries as mentioned below that are popular for Thyroidectomy as well:
|United Arab Emirates||USD 5000|
Apart from the Thyroidectomy cost, there are a few other daily charges that the patient may have to pay. These are the charges for daily meals and accommodation outside the hospital. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
Some of the best cities in Malaysia which offer Thyroidectomy are:
The patient has to spend about 2 days in the hospital after Thyroidectomy for proper recovery and to get clearance for discharge. The patient is subjected to several biochemistry and radiological scans to see that everything is okay and the recovery is on track. After making sure that patient is clinically stable, discharge is planned.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer Thyroidectomy in Malaysia. The above listed hospitals are approved to perform the surgery and have proper infrastructure to handle Thyroidectomy patients. Such hospitals follow all legal protocols and guidelines as specified by the local medical affairs body when it comes to the treatment of international patients.
Malaysia has many reputed hospital groups, such as:
These hospitals are supported by the latest medical technologies and superior infrastructure, ensuring world-class treatment. The hospitals in Malaysia are advanced due to more support from the government through investment in medical infrastructure. The hospitals in Malaysia have shown tremendous improvements in the last ten years and are now on par with well-developed countries, having both well-trained staff and excellent hospital facilities.
The healthcare systems in Malaysia receive accreditation from Malaysian Society for Quality in Health (MSQH) and JCI. Presently, there are 12 JCI-accredited hospitals in Malaysia and all of them ensure that they meet global standards. MSQH, Malaysia’s Ministry of Health, Association of Private Hospitals Malaysia and Malaysian Medical Association have come together to raise the standards of healthcare in Malaysia. There is a lengthy evaluation process for granting accreditation to a hospital in order to ensure international standards are met.
One of the leading medical tourism destinations in the world, Malaysia boasts of having a strong healthcare system supported by public-private healthcare collaboration and governmental participation. The quality of healthcare in Malaysia is at par with most developed countries due to its cutting-edge technology, advanced infrastructure, and skilled medical professionals. Malaysia has achieved high success rates in fertility treatments and cardiology with world-class hospitals. Malaysia not only offers world-class, affordable treatment to medical tourists but also enhances their overall wellbeing through its food, cultural diversity, and heritage spots.
Malaysia has highly trained doctors and many of them are trained internationally before returning to work in their home country. Producing one of the finest doctors in the world, Malaysia has a strict evaluation system in place to ensure that the country has quality doctors with a high level of professionalism. Doctors in Malaysia have received worldwide recognition for their high success rates in IVF and cardiac procedures. Malaysia offers all medical tourists the facility of applying for eVisa for traveling to the country for treatment and reside there for a period of 30 days.
Medical tourists can apply for eVisa for traveling to Malaysia to get medical treatment and reside there for a period of 30 days under the Malaysian Healthcare Travellers Program (MHTP). A person can get eVisa through online platforms and its validity expires in 3 months. Below things are required for obtaining an eVisa:
Two attendants can accompany the patient to Malaysia under Medical Attendant Visa.
The most sought-after procedures available in Malaysia are prostate surgery, cosmetic surgery, dental work, vitiligo treatment, cancer care, discectomy. Cancer treatment through gene therapy is becoming popular in Malaysia as this novel technique guarantees reduced treatment costs, shorter treatment time, minimal adverse effects of current chemo-drugs. Malaysia uses modern technology and follows best practices to perform Assisted Reproductive Technique procedures like IVF, which has a success rate of 55 to 60. With recent advancements in orthopedic technologies, Malaysia offers some effective procedures such as hip replacement, shoulder replacement, knee replacement surgery.
Some of the leading medical tourism destinations in Malaysia are
The cities in Malaysia deliver a world-class treatment experience through their superior hospitals backed with state-of-art infrastructure and talented doctors. Both Penang and Kuala Lumpur are the centres of attraction for medical tourists as they are serviced by airlines from around the world; have a number of reasonably-priced hotel rooms and an excellent public transportation system. These cities are most preferred by medical tourists because of many other reasons like a large number of hospitals, rich culture, scenic value, availability of translators, and safety of tourists.
A medical tourist traveling to Malaysia needs to get below vaccines:
Before traveling to Malaysia, it is suggested to get pre-exposure vaccination against rabies. Also, children are more at more risk. Don’t forget to get Japanese encephalitis vaccination as is it common in Malaysia. International Certificate of Vaccination would be required if you are coming from a country with a high risk of Yellow Fever.
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