It is a surgical procedure performed to reshape the chin by augmenting it or reducing it. The method is performed to improve looks and the overall personality of the person. Recommended in the following cases:
Candidates for mentoplasty mostly have a weak chin, or prominent nose or jaw. The surgical procedure can include:
Chin Augmentation: This procedure took approximately 45 minutes to an hour and performed under local anesthesia with sedation or general anesthesia. During the procedure, an incision is made inside the mouth, which will eliminate the scarring. A pocket is created in which the implant is placed and positioned in front of the jawbone. They are secured with sutures, and the patient is discharged on the same day.
Chin reduction: This procedure takes approximately 1 to 2 hrs, and performed under general anesthesia. During the procedure, an incision is made inside the mouth and under the chin. Any excess bone and or tissue and muscles removed. Tip of the chin repositioned, and the incision closed with sutures. The patient gets a discharge on the same day.
After the procedure, the patient feels tightness and swelling in the chin, and the discomfort lasts for 3 to 5 days. Pain medications are advised, and a compression garment is taped to reduce swelling. Complete recovery takes approximately 5-6 weeks.
Mentoplasty or chinplasty, and also known as genioplasty, is the surgical procedure by which chin line or chin can be corrected or improved to enhance the overall appeal of a face. The word mentoplasty has its origin from the Latin word “mentum,” which means “chin” and Greek word “plassein” refers to the word “formation.” With the help of a well-defined chin line as per the rest of the face, more masculine or feminine features are enhanced.
Mentoplasty or chin implant surgery can be a solution for quite a number or abnormal conditions. For a more youthful look, many consider facelift as well. Malformation of the chin resulting from developmental abnormalities in the jaw bone can be a reason. At times, any one side of the jaw has been growing, while the other side did not result in the asymmetry of the face. Congenital agenesis is a condition wherein some of the jaw bones are missing.
Chin implants give shape to a chin that has grown out of proportion compared to the rest of the facial features. The size and shape of the chin are different among men and women. As a result, many people choose to have a mentoplasty done along with their gender transition surgeries.
At times mentoplasty is included as part of craniofacial reconstruction following cancer treatment or any other kind of trauma. In an orthognathic surgery, the facial bones are realigned to enable the patient to talk and chew normally. Mentoplasty can also be combined with this.
Mentoplasty and chin implants are mainly used in adults since the jaw bone has already acquired its full size and form and there are no chances of any permanent tooth coming up in the gum. The procedure is mostly performed on people with small chin to increase its size.
There can be two ways of performing a chin augmentation procedure with or without implants. The first is by doing a sliding genioplasty and second is by insertion of an implant in the chin, under the skin. The latter is a shorter process that may take about half an hour to a complete, while the former is likely to take more time ranging from 40 to 90 minutes. However, the time can extend up to 3 hours in total if mentoplasty is combined and performed with an orthognathic surgery.
People suffering from mild to moderate microgenia are usually the best candidates for chin implants. Long time back when mentoplasty was not so common and the technology was not so advanced, cartilage from donors or from other parts of the patient's body was taken to form implants. But since 2003, an inert foreign material called alloplastic implants are being used. The reason behind this was is to reduce the risk of infection.
For the insertion of an implant, the surgeon has to take a call whether he would like to have an incision made inside the mouth (intraoral) or under the chin (submental). In both the cases, a significant amount of tissue is cut. Caution is practiced to avoid any damage to the major nerves in the chin.
Time taken for complete recovery is about two weeks at the most. Most people can resume normal life after 10 to 14 days. Take the following precautions to improve your rate of recovery.
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