Mentoplasty or chinplasty, and also known as genioplasty, is the surgical procedure by which chin line or chin can be corrected or improved to enhance the overall appeal of a face. The word mentoplasty has its origin from the Latin word “mentum,” which means “chin” and Greek word “plassein” refers to the word “formation.” With the help of a well-defined chin line as per the rest of the face, more masculine or feminine features are enhanced.
Mentoplasty or chin implant surgery can be a solution for quite a number or abnormal conditions. For a more youthful look, many consider facelift as well. Malformation of the chin resulting from developmental abnormalities in the jaw bone can be a reason. At times, any one side of the jaw has been growing, while the other side did not result in the asymmetry of the face. Congenital agenesis is a condition wherein some of the jaw bones are missing.
Chin implants give shape to a chin that has grown out of proportion compared to the rest of the facial features. The size and shape of the chin are different among men and women. As a result, many people choose to have a mentoplasty done along with their gender transition surgeries.
At times mentoplasty is included as part of craniofacial reconstruction following cancer treatment or any other kind of trauma. In an orthognathic surgery, the facial bones are realigned to enable the patient to talk and chew normally. Mentoplasty can also be combined with this.
Mentoplasty and chin implants are mainly used in adults since the jaw bone has already acquired its full size and form and there are no chances of any permanent tooth coming up in the gum. The procedure is mostly performed on people with small chin to increase its size.
A proper diagnosis must take place to understand the profile of the existing chin and to make sure that the desired results suit the rest of the face. It should also be understood whether any other surgery should be combined along with it to get better results.
You will be required to take the following steps to prepare for the surgery:
There can be two ways of performing a chin augmentation procedure with or without implants. The first is by doing a sliding genioplasty and second is by insertion of an implant in the chin, under the skin. The latter is a shorter process that may take about half an hour to a complete, while the former is likely to take more time ranging from 40 to 90 minutes. However, the time can extend up to 3 hours in total if mentoplasty is combined and performed with an orthognathic surgery.
People suffering from mild to moderate microgenia are usually the best candidates for chin implants. Long time back when mentoplasty was not so common and the technology was not so advanced, cartilage from donors or from other parts of the patient's body was taken to form implants. But since 2003, an inert foreign material called alloplastic implants are being used. The reason behind this was is to reduce the risk of infection.
For the insertion of an implant, the surgeon has to take a call whether he would like to have an incision made inside the mouth (intraoral) or under the chin (submental). In both the cases, a significant amount of tissue is cut. Caution is practiced to avoid any damage to the major nerves in the chin.
Time taken for complete recovery is about two weeks at the most. Most people can resume normal life after 10 to 14 days. Take the following precautions to improve your rate of recovery.
Q: What is the chin plastic surgery cost?
A: The chin plastic surgery cost varies from one facility to another and from one country to the other. Overall, chin augmentation cost depends on the extent of change required, the anaesthesia cost, and whether cheek implants are being used or not.
Q: What kind of anaesthetics are used during mentoplasty?
A: Local anaesthesia is used for just mentoplasty.
Q: Will there be any pain after the surgery?
A: Usually the patient does now experience any pain after the surgery. If there is any pain, it can be rectified with a few analgesics.
Q: How long do the effects of mentoplasty last?
A: The implants are permanent and as a result, they are there to serve you for a lifetime.
Q: Is cheek implants cost included in chin augmentation cost?
A: The cost of cheek implants is not necessarily included in the chin augmentation cost informed to you at the time of consultation. Cheek implants cost in addition to the cost of the procedure.
Q: Does chin implant leave a visible scar?
A: A chin implant, once properly aligned, should cause no scarring.
Q: What are the other alternatives to mentoplasty?
A: The two other alternatives for mentoplasty can be liposuction or fat injection. Fat can be injected into the chin from below to improve the size of the chin. However, the fat gets absorbed by the body and therefore, this process must be repeated often. In case of liposuction, fatty tissue is removed to make the chin look more prominent.