Holes in the heart are considered to be congenital heart diseases or defects. These are considered to be a problem in the structure formation of the heart right at the time when a foetus is deriving its nutrition in the womb. With latest procedural technologies these problems can be mended right after birth. The holes in the heart disrupt the normal blood through the heart thus causing a general problem in blood circulation in the entire body.
In order to understand the holes in heart we must briefly understand the working of the heart. The heart works like a pump beating on an average of 100,000 times in a day. It has two sides which is divided by a wall called septum. The right side of the valve pumps blood to the lungs and picks up oxygen. The oxygen rich blood then returns to the left side of the heart from the lungs and then the left side pumps it to the rest of the body.
These two sides are divided into 4 chambers having four valves connecting them to various blood vessels. For carrying blood from the body to the heart, veins are responsible while arteries carry the blood away from the heart to be circulated to the body. The atria are two upper chambers that collect blood while ventricles are the two lower chambers pumping the blood to the lungs and other parts of the body.
The valves act like doors allowing flow of blood through the next chamber to arteries and then they close to keep the blood from again returning back to the previous chamber from where it came. In a systolic contraction ventricle pump blood from the heart and in a diastolic contraction the ventricles relax to receive blood pumped by the atria while aortic and pulmonary valves close at the beginning of the diastole to prevent the chances of backflow.
Depending on location, age and general health of the child the operation procedure is decided
When ASDs do not close by themselves as observed in periodic checkups then catheter or surgical procedure has to be adopted. Surgeons decide to close the holes when the child is 2 to 5 years old and the hole size is medium or large
Till 1990s surgery was the only usual method to close ASDs but due to advance technologies now catheter procedures can close secundum ASDs. The child will be given medicine so that he or she sleeps through the ASD device closure procedure. Now a catheter is inserted into the groin’s vein and threads it up to the septum of the heart. A tiny umbrella like device is folded up inside the catheter. Angiography or echocardiography is used to see the threading path of the catheter.
The device is pushed out of the catheter after reaching the septum and so positioned that it acts like a plug in the hold between the atria. The device will be kept in position while the catheter will be slowly withdrawn.
Within a period of 6 months, over this device normal tissues will start growing in. As the child grows the closure device is not required to be replaced. Normal development would take place gradually without affecting the operations of the heart.
Only a needle puncture is made in the above described procedure and hence this is less invasive as a procedure. They are usually successful until and unless the hole is too large and only an open surgery can solve the problem.
For primum or sinus venosus ASDs an open heart surgery is recommended. Here too medicines will ensure that the child sleeps though the process. In the chest an incision is made at first. With a special path that covers the hole the defect is repaired. On a heart lung bypass machine the child is placed to ensure that the heart can be opened to perform the surgery.
Antibiotics will be administered to the child to prevent infection like endocarditis. Regular checkups will follow for a while to ensure that the hole gets closed properly. To prevent blood clots the child may be given aspirin. Apart from all these, for the first few months, activities will be kept limited till he or she is fit enough to exert more with physical activities.
The VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) package cost in Switzerland varies from one hospital to another and may offer different benefits. Some of the best hospitals for VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) offer a comprehensive package that covers the end-to-end expenses related to investigations and treatment of the patient. The treatment cost usually includes the expenses related to hospitalization, surgery, nursing, medicines, and anesthesia. There are many things that may increase the cost of VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) in Switzerland, including prolonged hospital stay and complications after the procedure.
Many hospitals in Switzerland perform VSD Closure / Repair (Adult). Some of the most renowned hospitals for VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) in Switzerland include the following:
After VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) in Switzerland, the patient is supposed to stay in guest house for another 21 days. During this time, the patient undergoes medical tests and consultations. this is to ensure that the treatment was successful and the patient us safe to return.
One of the topmost destinations for VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) is Switzerland. It has a variety of accredited hospital, affordable cost of treatment and some of the best medical fraternity. Some of the other destinations that are popular for VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) include the following:
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There are certain additional cost that the patient has to pay apart from the VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) cost. The per day cost in this case may start from USD 50 per person.
Some of the cpopular cities in Switzerland that offer VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) include the following:
The average duration of stay at the hospital after VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) is about 3 days for proper care and monitoring. This phase is important to ensure that the patient is recovering well and is clinically stable. During this time, several tests are performed before the patient is deemed suitable for discharge.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer VSD Closure / Repair (Adult) in Switzerland. Such clinics have the required infrastructure and a dedicated unit where patients can be treated. Apart from good services, the hospitals are known to follow all standard and legal guidelines as dictated by the local medical affairs body or organization.
Switzerland is one of the leading medical tourism destinations with top hospitals, such as:
The country has a large pool of hospitals with modern infrastructure and facilities. The total number of hospitals is around 500 and 12 of them are JCI accredited. With an increasing number of hospitals, healthcare has become more affordable and accessible in Switzerland. The hospitals have evolved into centers of competence for outpatient diagnostic and therapy. The multispecialty hospitals in Switzerland provide world-class treatment with the help of high-tech equipment, the latest medical technologies, and state-of-art infrastructure.
Healthcare systems in Switzerland are bound to sign contracts on the quality of medical care as per international standards. International Standards Organization serves as a model of healthcare standards in Switzerland. Standard EN 45001 acts as a benchmark for the accreditation of healthcare providers. The quality of test results is decided after the assessment of the accepted values and requirements. Healthcare standards help hospitals to evaluate, control, and improve the standards of quality healthcare.
A few reasons why Switzerland is leading the way in medical tourism are traditional values of quality, precision, cleanliness, research-focus, and highly qualified experienced staff. Switzerland has some of the best infrastructure available, which naturally reflects in its medical tourism sector. Travelers have flocked to the country to take the advantage of healing waters. Their exceptional research institutes offer medical care of the highest quality. Switzerland has received worldwide recognition for its contribution to medical innovation and new treatments. Several renowned research institutes have come up with medical breakthroughs and new treatments.The Swiss are well known for their excellence in medical innovation and new treatments. Several world-famous research institutes have contributed to medical breakthroughs and new treatments. The other reasons why Switzerland has become a hot spot for medical tourism are world-class treatment, high level of privacy, and a wide range of treatment specialties.
Health insurance is accepted at most of the hospitals in Switzerland. It is suggested to call your insurance company to know if a procedure is covered at the hospital in Switzerland. If the insurance plan is approved, the hospital will seek the Guarantee of Payment from the insurance to start cashless treatment. It is important to note that there are many things that are not covered under insurance like cosmetic surgery, pregnancy and abortion, and diagnostic tests. If a treatment is not covered under a health insurance plan in Switzerland, you can initially pay for the treatment and apply for reimbursement after you are back in your country.
Switzerland has received worldwide recognition for reporting high success rates in the following procedures.
The reasons for the popularity of these procedures are world-class clinics and hospitals, superior technology, and well-trained doctors. A lot of people visit Switzerland for cosmetic surgery performed by highly trained surgeons with high precision and accuracy. High success rates and the ability of fertility doctors to handle even the most complicated cases with ease are the main reasons for the popularity of IVF in Switzerland.
Some popular cities of Switzerland that attract a huge number of medical tourists every year are Zurich, Lucerne, Bern, Basel, Geneva, Lausanne, Lugano. These cities have modern infrastructure, world-class hospitals, and highly trained doctors which contribute to providing quality treatment. These cities have modern infrastructure, world-class hospitals, and highly trained doctors which contribute to providing quality treatment. These cities have become leading medical tourism destinations in Switzerland due to many other factors, such as a large pool of world-class hospitals, rich heritage, scenic value, availability of translators, and safety of tourists.
Vaccination is highly recommended or required for Switzerland. WHO and CDC recommend the following vaccines
Make sure you have MMR and other routine vaccinations as some parts of Switzerland have routine disease outbreaks. Your vaccination and the dosage will depend on several factors, including immunization history, traveler's age, and current medical conditions. Pre-exposure vaccination against rabies and yellow fever is recommended before travel to Switzerland.
Anyone traveling to Switzerland to seek treatment needs to have Schengen Visa. This visa allows a patient to stay in the country for a period of 90 days. If you need to stay longer for treatment, you should apply for a National Visa for Medical Treatment. Below documents are required for applying for a medical visa:
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