Fontan procedure is a third procedure of the three operations (following the Norwood procedure and Glenn shunt) carried out in children for the treatment of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. It is a congenital (present by birth) abnormality in children, where children possess only a single functional ventricle. As a result, the affected children turn blue due mixing of their arterial (red) blood and venous (blue) blood together. Fontan procedure is a surgical technique carried out to separate the oxygen-rich (arterial) blood and the oxygen-poor (venous) blood. Thus, this procedure helps to separate the two circulations and decrease the workload on the heart, but only one ventricle functions as a ‘pump' (where it drives blood through the body circulation and then into the lung circulation before it returns to the ventricle to start again).
Hungary is one of the emerging destinations for medical tourism due to the high standard of healthcare and reasonable price offered by its hospitals. A highly qualified team of specialists and hi-tech infrastructure in the Hungary hospitals are the main attractions for medical tourists.
The average cost of Fontan procedure in Hungary hospitals depends on the qualifications or expertise of the specialist, other procedures performed in conjunction, the extent of surgery needed, patient's general health and type of surgery.
The Fontan procedure is performed in children with a special type of congenital disorders that leaves them with a single functioning ventricle. There are two ventricles in the heart, one supplies blood to the lungs while the other pumps blood to the rest of the body parts.
Some children may be born with just one functional ventricle because of an absence of a heart valve or an abnormality in the ability of the ventricles to pump blood. As a result, a single ventricle has to work hard to supply blood to the lungs and the rest of the body at the same time. In such children, the Fontan procedure is performed.
The Fontan procedure is usually conducted when the child is between the age two and five. However, it can be conducted before two years of age. The Fontan procedure is contraindicated in children with high pulmonary vascular resistance. This is because as a part of this procedure, the blood must flow through the lungs without the pumping function of the heart. The Fontan procedure is also contraindicated in children with mitral insufficiency, left ventricular dysfunction, and pulmonary artery hypoplasia. The Fontan operation is also conducted in adults with this defect. The treatment is more complicated in such patients, as adults are more likely to develop Protein-Losing Enteropathy (PLE). It is a condition in which the protein is lost through the gut and it may lead to internal bleeding and fluid retention. But the complications resolve on its own when the surgery is performed. Such patients may sometimes even need a heart transplant.
The Fontan procedure is performed under the influence of general anesthesia. The patient is shifted to the surgical room an hour before the actual time of the surgery. General anesthesia is administered and once the patient is in deep sleep, a tube is inserted into the windpipe.
The body of the patient is connected to machines so that his or her vital parameters can be observed throughout the surgery and after that.The main purpose of the surgery is to optimize the Fontan circulation so that a single ventricle is able to effectively pump pure blood to the entire body and the impure blood to the lungs without any pumping mechanism. During the surgery, the surgeon opens the thoracic cavity by cutting through the sternum, which is a bone attached to the ribs. Doing so provides direct access to the heart.
Next, the surgeon uses either the extra-cardiac method or the lateral tunnel method to make the impure blood reach the lungs. The create a hole between the Fontan circuit and the right atrium to relieve the pressure. The hole, also known as “fenestration,” closes of its own later or can be closed off later with the help of cardiac catheterization.
The patient is transferred to the recovery room after the surgery and this is where all his or her vital signs are monitored for a couple of hours. Once the patient is stable, he or she is transferred to the cardiac ward.
The doctors may administer painkillers to control pain after the surgery. Expect the patient to be kept in the hospital for a few days. Additionally, eating and drinking are restricted for a few days after the surgery. Once the bowel movement resumes normally, the patient is given a light diet and fluids. This may take anywhere from two to three days. The medications and fluids are administered through an IV line until the patient starts taking normal diet. The dressing is changed every day during the hospital stay. A majority of patients are able to return to their normal routine within the first three months of the surgery. They are advised to increase their activities gradually and not to exert themselves too much.
The cost of Fontan Procedure in Hungary may differ from one medical facility to the other. The cost quoted by some of the best hospitals for Fontan Procedure in Hungary generally covers the pre-surgery investigations of the patient. Typically, the package cost of Fontan Procedure in Hungary includes the expenses related to the surgeon's fee, anesthesia, hospital, meals, nursing and ICU stay. There are many things that may increase the cost of Fontan Procedure in Hungary, including prolonged hospital stay and complications after the procedure.
There are many hospitals across the country that offer Fontan Procedure to international patients. Some of the most renowned hospitals for Fontan Procedure in Hungary include the following:
While the speed of recovery may vary from patient to patient, they are still required to stay for about 30 days after discharge. This duration of stay is recommended to complete all the necessary follow-ups and control tests to ensure that the surgery was successful.
Apart from the Fontan Procedure cost, the patient may have to pay for additional daily expenses such as for guest house after discharge and meals. The per day cost in this case may start from USD 50 per person.
Some of the best cities in Hungary which offer Fontan Procedure are:
The patient is supposed to stay at the hospital for about 7 days after Fontan Procedure for monitoring and care. This phase is important to ensure that the patient is recovering well and is clinically stable. During this time, several tests are performed before the patient is deemed suitable for discharge.
There are more than 1 hospitals that offer Fontan Procedure in Hungary. These hospitals have propoer infrastructure as well as offer good quality of services when it comes to Fontan Procedure Additionally, these hospitals are known to comply with the international standards as well as local legal requirements for the treatment of patients.
It is the latest technologies combined with the best in the world medical and surgical specialists that is taking healthcare in multispecialty hospitals in Hungary to greater heights everyday. Please find below well known multispecialty hospitals in Hungary:
A wide range of specialties are offered in the multispecialty hospitals and clinics in Hungary which enables both straightforward procedures and complex procedures. The multispecialty hospitals in Hungary have healthcare personnel that go the extra mile for their patients and any ailment or injury is resolved to the best of results.
It is the latest technologies combined with the best in the world medical and surgical specialists that is taking healthcare in multispecialty hospitals in Hungary to greater heights everyday. Hungary remains a good choice to get healthcare from as their is good quality care being provided to patients and focus on precision in the execution of procedures. It makes sense to get your healthcare from Hungary as the research base of the healthcare ecosystem in the country gives it a wide network of association within its borders making it easier for the patients as well. Please choose your healthcare plan in Hungary because the superior comfort and safety levels being provided to you here are unmatched.
The great quality of doctors in Hungary is a testament to their collaborating ability with the larger international doctor community of the world ensuring knowledge sharing and excellent results. Education from the topmost universities of the world, being exceptionally skilled at their job ensures that the doctors in Hungary are of good quality. The doctors in Hungary keep abreast of the latest developments in the medical and surgical fields and work as a team player with their fellow medical practitioners and with the patients to give the best results. It is the really vast international patient base of doctors in Hungary that gives them the experience of making more patients healthier from different nationalities
The essential documents that you need to carry when you are traveling to Hungary are as follows:
It is prudent to know the three kinds of documents that you need when going to Hungary and they are related to your travel, your required finances and the medical treatment. The medical tourism journey to Hungary is a smooth ride for those who make sure to carry all their essential medical travel documents with them. You must carry documents as per the checklist so that your medical travel to Hungary is justified and supported by the people in the know and the authorities.
Let us have a look at the procedures that are popular in Hungary:
It is Orthopaedics which is safely the most successful specialty in Hungary as the most frequently performed procedures are from this branch of medical and surgical specialty. The strengths of healthcare in Hungary are its excellent healthcare infrastructure and its expert specialists because of which the procedures being performed here are a huge draw for medical travellers the world over. Hungary is making strides in the advanced techniques that are used in executing the popular procedures such as Knee Replacement, Hip Replacement and Shoulder Arthroscopy.
It is absolutely essential that a month prior to your medical travel, you get checked for any vaccines that you need and be vaccinated accordingly. We bring to you the important routine vaccinations that must be taken before you start your journey to Hungary.
Please find below the vaccinations that are differentiated as per age and for people with potential health hazards.
If you wish to reconfirm the vaccinations that your doctor has suggested before your travel to Hungary, please check with WHO or World Health Organisation and CDC or Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
There is a long list of additional facilities being given to medical tourists coming to the hospitals in Hungary that enhance the core medical treatment experience they are undergoing. Please find below the many additional facilities present in the hospitals in Hungary making your medical travel to Hungary a beautiful experience you can cherish for a long time.
The doctors in the hospitals in the multispecialty hospitals in Hungary are available for online and video consultation when required, this facility makes it easier for patients to assess and make the right decision on their treatment. The seamless international patient coordination is helpful to the patients in their entire treatment and journey process when visiting the multispecialty hospitals in Hungary from overseas.
The fact that healthcare and tourism industry in Hungary is far ahead in terms of service quality and facilities has ensured that it ranks 23 out of 46 global destinations in 2020-21 Medical Tourism Index. Here are the wonderful medical tourism destinations in Hungary:
In Hungary, there are places like Csongrad county, Debrecen, Pecs and Szeged which have found a spot as the best medical tourism destination in the country.
We have listed below the documents required for medical treatment (Schengen visa type C) to Hungary:
It is advisable for you to research and find whether you are from the countries which do not require a Schengen visa to enter Hungary (a European country). There is a basis on which we are presenting the documents to the embassy with our visa application:
It takes two weeks for a medical visa to be granted and it is for a stay in Hungary for 90 days or less. For any longer time period please apply for National Visa for Medical Treatment.
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