A heart surgery is typically required for the correction of a defect in the heart. While most of the major defects are treated with the help of open heart surgery, the minor ones can be corrected with the help of closed heart surgery.
A closed heart surgery procedure is performed on patients with minor heart defects. In most of the cases, this approach is used on pediatric patients. A majority of closed heart surgery procedures may involve the major blood vessels that carry blood to the heart and other parts of the body. Some of the examples of procedure performed using closed heart surgery approach include placement of a Blalock-Taussig shunt or pulmonary artery bands and repair of coarctation of the aorta.
The main difference between a closed heart surgery and an open heart surgery is that the former does not require the support of a heart-lung bypass machine during the surgery. That is, a closed heart surgery can be performed on a beating heart, whereas an open heart surgery is performed on a non-beating heart.
Additionally, there is no need for the surgeons to open the chest to access the heart in the case of closed heart surgery. The heart can be accessed through a small hole in the chest (sternotomy) or in the side between the ribs (thoracotomy).
The exact steps performed during a closed heart surgery actually depends on the type of procedure being conducted and the approach used to access the heart. The following are some of the major steps taken during closed heart surgery:
Closed heart surgery is not always performed as a corrective surgery. Sometimes, it may be performed as a palliative surgery as well. A palliative heart surgery is the one that is conducted to target the problems caused due to a heart defect rather than the defect itself. It is mostly performed when a series of surgeries are scheduled to be conducted for the correction of the heart defect such as a hole in the heart and ventricular septal defect.
Recovery after closed heart surgery depends on how well the surgery has been conducted and also on the overall health of the patient. Since closed heart surgery is conducted for the correction of minor heart defects, the overall recovery is good.
In case it is performed as a corrective surgery, the patient is typically discharged from the hospital within a day or two. In case closed heart surgery is performed as a palliative surgery, recovery may take some time and the patient may be kept in the hospital until other planned surgeries are conducted.
Careful monitoring in the intensive care unit (ICU) is required in some cases. The patient is administered pain control medications through an IV line is required. Complete recovery in case of a closed heart surgery may last for a few days.
The cost of Closed Heart Surgery in South Africa may differ from one medical facility to the other. Some of the best hospitals for Closed Heart Surgery offer a comprehensive package that covers the end-to-end expenses related to investigations and treatment of the patient. The treatment cost usually includes the expenses related to hospitalization, surgery, nursing, medicines, and anesthesia. There are many things that may increase the cost of Closed Heart Surgery in South Africa, including prolonged hospital stay and complications after the procedure.
While the speed of recovery may vary from patient to patient, they are still required to stay for about 21 days after discharge. This is important to ensure that the surgery was successful. During this time, control and follow-up tests take place to check for medical fitness.
One of the topmost destinations for Closed Heart Surgery is South Africa. It has a variety of accredited hospital, affordable cost of treatment and some of the best medical fraternity. Some of the other popular destinations for Closed Heart Surgery include the following:
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There are certain expenses additional to the Closed Heart Surgery cost that the patient may have to pay for. These are the chanrges for daily meals and hotel stay outside the hospital. The extra charges may start from USD 50 per person.
There are many cities that offer Closed Heart Surgery in South Africa, including the following:
The patient is supposed to stay at the hospital for about 4 days after Closed Heart Surgery for monitoring and care. During the recovery, the patient is carefully monitored and control tests are performed to see that everything is okay. If required, physiotherapy sessions are also planned during recovery in hospital.
The average rating for Closed Heart Surgery hospitals in South Africa is 2.9. This rating is automatically calculated on the basis of several parameters such as the infrastructure of the hospital, quality of services, nursing support and other services.
There are more than 3 hospitals that offer Closed Heart Surgery in South Africa. These hospitals have proper infrastructure for the treatment of patients who require kidney transplant. Also, these hospitals follow the necessary guidelines as required by the medical associations for the treatment of Closed Heart Surgery patients.
The popular multispecialty hospital groups in South Africa are:
These hospitals have taken the patient experience to the next level by ensuring the below things:
The government of South Africa has strict healthcare regulations in place which all hospitals need to follow to ensure quality treatment. The hospitals are backed with state-of-art infrastructure, the latest medical equipment, and well-trained doctors and offer world-class facilities to enhance the patient experience.
Joint Commission International (JCI) and Council for Health Service Accreditation of Southern Africa (COHSASA) are two healthcare accreditation bodies in South Africa. COHSASA is responsible for developing and evaluating standards in all sectors and departments of a healthcare facility to ensure hospitals provide integrated and coordinated care. The SafeCare program introduced by JCI, COHSASA, and SafeCare Foundation aims at using internationally recognized standards to provide health care delivery. The accreditation bodies ensure that the hospitals are consistent in delivering quality care, so, initially, they grant accreditation to hospitals and clinics only for 2 years which gets extended if the quality is maintained.
A large number of medical tourists visit South Africa every year due to low-cost treatment and modern infrastructure. South Africa’s growing popularity in medical tourism is also attributed to factors like a large pool of accredited hospitals, advanced technology, world-class facilities provided by hospitals, global exposure of doctors. South Africa has also liberal laws for the application of stem cells in medical practice, making the country a leading destination for patients who need advanced medical treatment. The hospitals in South Africa aim to destress your medical holiday by dealing with all of the organization and administrative tasks, as well as provide intensive care and assistance on a 24/7 basis.
With quality at their core, the well-trained and highly qualified doctors in South Africa provide world-class treatment. Having trained in foreign countries like Australia and Cuba, doctors in South Africa use their global exposure in developing deep expertise in various procedures. The doctors have reported a high success rate in dental procedures and fertility treatments. Some important factors which contribute to the production of good quality doctors in the country are education at premier colleges, adherence to global standards, patient-centric approach, and incorporation of the human touch in treatment.
You can get a medical visa to South Africa for 90 days. The High Commission of the country decides for how long a visa could be extended. Anyone willing to stay in the country for longer than 3 months needs to apply for a temporary residency permit. A visa becomes valid the day it is issued by the High Commission and not on the date of departure. Also, an application for a visa is not be accepted more than 30 days before departure. Below documents are required for applying for a medical visa:
A large number of people visit South Africa to avail procedures like anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, total knee replacement, meniscus repairs, and hip replacement. Cosmetic surgery and infertility treatment are some of the other popular procedures in South Africa which have a high success rate. Egg donation program is available in South Africa and it is even possible to select your donor, as well as gives you the option of having a surgical or non-surgical procedure, all with very low waiting times. People select South Africa to avail these procedures due to several reasons, such as world-class hospitals with superior infrastructure and highly-skilled doctors, fast recovery, and use of cutting-edge medical technology.
Some popular cities of South Africa that attract a huge number of medical tourists every year are Cape Town, Johannesburg, Pretoria, and Durban. Cape Town is a world-class tourism attraction and is home to a variety of people from different cultures, as well as some of the top-class doctors and state-of-the-art medical facilities in the world An efficient public transportation system, affordable accommodation, connectivity through airlines, and a wide range of food options are some of the reasons for the popularity of these cities among medical tourists. Johannesburg’s public and private healthcare sectors work in coordination with South Africa's medical schools to produce internationally recognized medical specialists and the city’s medical care quality matches with that of Great Britain.
Yes, vaccination is compulsory before visiting South Africa. The vaccines recommended by WHO and the National Travel Health Network and Centre are Rabies and tetanus, hepatitis B, typhoid, cholera, Yellow fever, hepatitis A. Make sure that infants of age 6 to 11 months get measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine before they travel to South Africa. It is always recommended that you get typhoid vaccination if you are going to stay with friends or relatives or visiting smaller cities or rural areas of South Africa. Vaccination guidelines change with time, so keep yourself updated with the travel advisory released by the government. You can also check with doctors or hospitals in South Africa for the required vaccines.
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